Failures Of An Organic Golf Course – Bethpage State Park Green Golf Course – Definitely Not Pesticide-Free, Only Less Reliant On Pesticides – 2021 07 29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

Summary & Overview

 

The Bethpage Failure

 

 

 

The Golf Industry Must Discredit Facilities Like
Bethpage That Embraces The Costly, Failed,
Medieval, Ineffective, & Unfeasible Doctrines
Of Organic & Pesticide-Free Maintenance

 

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free     

 

 

« ORGANIC » maintenance practices have been a FAILURE at BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA. 

 

There is only one « ORGANIC » golf course in America    & it is not BETHPAGE. 

 

This is because a « PESTICIDE-FREE » program at BETHPAGE was NOT FEASIBLE for producing acceptable putting green surfaces. 

 

BETHPAGE is definitely NOT « PESTICIDE-FREE », but rather, it is merely « LESS RELIANT ON PESTICIDES », which means it still uses pesticides with impunity. 

 

Attempts had been made to adapt « INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT », or « IPM », into a supposedly more PROGRESSIVE  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  « PESTICIDE-FREE » version    supposedly bringing BETHPAGE one step closer to becoming an « ORGANIC » & a « PESTICIDE-FREE » golf course. 

 

Predictably, « IPM » golf courses like BETHPAGE will NEVER become « PESTICIDE-FREE ». 

 

Not surprisingly, INEFFECTIVE practices of « IPM » will NEVER control infestations of recurring invasive weeds & destructive insects & harmful diseases. 

 

Consequently, BETHPAGE suffered DISASTER with the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

One of the most important « ORGANIC » golf maintenance protocols is « TURF SPECIES TRANSITION » ( i.e. the elimination of annual bluegrass ). 

 

To avoid DISASTER, all « ORGANIC » golf courses must be expected to « TRANSITION » their putting greens from annual bluegrass to creeping bentgrass. 

 

Improved varieties of creeping bentgrass are more resistant to pests than annual bluegrass, an invasive grass species that is highly susceptible to pests & requires the use of more pest control products. 

 

Annual bluegrass is also more susceptible to abiotic disorders, such as winter injury & summer stress    it must be eliminated before embarking on COSTLY, FAILED, MEDIEVAL, INEFFECTIVE, & UNFEASIBLE « ORGANIC » maintenance. 

 

If putting greens contain more than 50 per cent annual bluegrass, then there will be a DISASTER when implementing « ORGANIC » management plan. 

 

The maintenance practices used at BETHPAGE are seen as a TERRIBLE TEMPLATE for « INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT » & « ORGANIC PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE » & « TURF SPECIES TRANSITION ». 

 

Allegations about « SEE I TOLD YOU ORGANIC WORKS » have been recognized as FALSE    BETHPAGE is « FAKE-ORGANIC » & a FAILURE. 

 

BETHPAGE State Park actually features FIVE 18-hole regulation golf courses including the world-renowned Black Course which was the site of two US Open Championships    if « ORGANIC » at BETHPAGE Green Course is so successful, then why aren’t the FOUR other BETHPAGE courses practicing « ORGANIC » maintenance as well ?!?? 

 

 

 

The Golf Industry Does Not Need Organic     

 

 

The golf industry must NOT readily embrace the FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA of « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS », especially about BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course. 

 

The golf industry must respond by ENDING its validation of « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » like Frank Rossi. 

 

Furthermore, the golf industry cannot possibly consider BETHPAGE as a TEMPLATE that serves as an example for the golf industry.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

In essence, BETHPAGE represents a TERRIBLE ATTACK against main-stream superintendents & their facilities. 

 

BETHPAGE is recognized as a FAILURE. 

 

The golf industry DOES NOT need this « ORGANIC » nonsense. 

 

The golf industry DOES need to satisfy paying-customers who want golf courses with high-quality playing conditions & aesthetics provided by greener, thicker, pest-free, & manicured turf conditions. 

 

The golf industry CAN be successful when following the protocols & performance standards for science-based & time-tested & correct maintenance practices. 

 

 

 

Attack-Statements By Golf.Com ?     

 

 

Has golf.com BETRAYED the golf industry ? 

 

Golf.com, the digital edition of Golf Magazine, published the anti-golf-industry article entitled « WHAT IS AN ORGANIC GOLF COURSE, & WHY AREN’T THERE MORE OF THEM ? ».

 

It is unsettling that the « ACTIVIST-PUBLISHERS » of golf.com would demand that the golf industry must adopt COSTLY, FAILED, MEDIEVAL, INEFFECTIVE, & UNFEASIBLE maintenance practices, such as « ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » & « IPM », that are clearly anti-golf-industry. 

 

Golf course pesticide use is a « BAD THING », according to attack-statements by golf.com. 

 

It is inconceivable that golf.com would accuse pesticide-using superintendents of acting like « MINIONS » of the so-called chemical industry. 

 

It is further inconceivable that golf.com would conspire to impose « PROHIBITION » against pest control products needed by the golf industry. 

 

It is NOT the role of golf.com to dictate its policies to the golf industry    its mindless-activist attack-statements must end. 

 

 

 

 

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For Even More Information, Go To The Following Links 

 

 

 

Failures Of Organic Golf Courses

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2021/09/17/failures-of-organic-golf-courses-attack-statements-against-the-golf-industry-by-golf-com-medieval-ineffective-practices-of-organic-pesticide-free-maintenance-2021-07-29/

 

 

Vineyard Golf Club

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2021/09/29/failure-of-organic-golf-course-vineyard-golf-club/

 

 

 

 

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What Is An « Organic » Golf Course,
& Why Aren’t There More Of Them ?

Because Organic Does Not Work

 

 

July 29th, 2021

 

Golf.com

The Digital Edition Of Golf Magazine

 

Olivia White

Golf-Hating Anti-Pesticide Activist-Extremist Author

 

Re Bethpage State Park Green Golf Course

New York State, USA

 

Selected & Adapted Excerpts

Edited For Length & Clarity

 

Reference   

 

What Is An Organic Golf Course, & Why Aren’t There More Of Them

 

 

 

 

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Bethpage State Park Green Golf Course

 

Integrated Pest Management ( IPM )

 

 

 

 

Bethpage Has Failed To Show That
IPM Can Be Made More Progressive
To Get One Step Closer To Organic
& Pesticide-Free Golf Maintenance

 

 

 

 

ACCORDING TO GOLF.COM ABOUT BETHPAGE GREEN COURSE    

 

« REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF REDEFINING IPM » was a report concerning BETHPAGE. 

 

The report tried  [ BUT FAILED TO SHOW ]  that « IPM » can be adapted and made MORE PROGRESSIVE  [ I.E. MORE SUPPORTIVE OF PROHIBITION AGAINST PESTICIDES ]    one step closer to « ORGANIC » golf.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

 

[ NOTE A « PESTICIDE-FREE » PROGRAM WAS NOT FEASIBLE AT BETHPAGE ]

 

 

[ … ]

 

 

Fast-forward to today’s era of « RESPONSIBLE GOLF »  [ ?!?!?!?! ] , and  [ SAFE & EFFECTIVE ]  pesticide use is still main-stream. 

 

Chemicals are applied more sparingly    best practices feature  [ INEFFECTIVE ]  « INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT » ( IPM ), which calls for an application of the LEAST TOXIC PESTICIDE available only as a LAST RESORT rather than immediate solution.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

 

 

 

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Background Information

 

Responsible Golf

 

 

 

 

The Responsible Golf Maintenance

Disaster At Bethpage State Park Green

Golf Course Resulted In The Large-

Scale-Death Of Annual Bluegrass

 

 

 

 

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Overview & Background Information

 

Responsible Golf ?     

 

 

 

No Main-Stream Superintendent
Needs Responsible Golf Maintenance

 

 

 

Golf course pesticide use is a « BAD THING », according to attack-statements by golf.com about Bethpage Green Course    

 

[ …  IN ]  today’s era of « RESPONSIBLE GOLF » [ ?!?!?!?! ] , and [ SAFE & EFFECTIVE ] pesticide use is still main-stream. 



The « RESPONSIBLE USE OF PESTICIDES » is NOT the same as « RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE ». 

 

 

 

The GCSAA Board of Directors’ Position Statement entitled « GCSAA BOARD APPROVED 2021-2022 PRIORITY ISSUES AGENDA » has been published by Golf Course Superintendents Association of America ( GCSAA ) concerning the RESPONSIBLE use of pesticides   

 

Position statement    

 

The RESPONSIBLE USE OF PESTICIDES is essential to maintaining healthy turfgrass. 

 

Healthy turfgrass allows communities to enjoy many benefits including   creation of critical « GREEN-SPACES », providing wildlife habitat, and ensuring recreational opportunities. 

 

 

 

In today’s enviro-extremist era of « RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE » [ ?!?!?!?! ] , golf courses have been forced to adopt COSTLY, FAILED, MEDIEVAL, INEFFECTIVE, & UNFEASIBLE doctrines, such as     

 

   Alternative Cultural Management    Failure

 

   Best Management Practices ( BMP )    Failure  

 

   Chemical Pesticide & Fertilizer Reduction    Failure 

 

   Cultural Management    Failure 

 

   Ecological Pesticides Dependence Reduction    Failure 

 

   Environmental Compatibility Improvement    Failure  

 

   Environmental Impact Quotient ( EIQ )    Failure 

 

   Environmental Impact Reduction    Failure 

 

   Environmental Stewardship    Failure  

 

   Green Alternative Pesticides    Failure 

 

   Organic Maintenance    Failure 

 

   Pesticide-Free or Zero-Pesticides Maintenance    Failure 

 

   Pesticide Selection Based Upon Reduced-Risk    Failure

 

   Progressive Integrated Pest Management ( IPM )    Failure  

 

   Reliance On Pesticide Use Reduction    Failure 

 

   Risk Reduction Program    Failure 

 

   Transformational Maintenance    Failure 

 

   Weaning Off Pesticides    Failure 

 

 

Sadly, the « RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE » DISASTER at BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this « RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE » nonsense. 

 

Successful main-stream superintendents will follow the PROTOCOLS & PERFORMANCE STANDARDS for SCIENCE-BASED & TIME-TESTED & CORRECT maintenance practices. 

 

The main-stream superintendent can RESPONSIBLY USE PESTICIDES. 

 

 

 

 

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Responsible Golf ?

 

Minimizing Inputs     

 

 

 

No Main-Stream Superintendent Needs To
Reduce The Use Of Pesticides & Fertilizers

 

 

 

Perhaps we should not ascribe malice to CGSA leaders for their failures, which can adequately be explained by incompetence. 

 

 

 

In the era of « RESPONSIBLE GOLF » [ ?!?! ] , FALSE-ALLEGATIONS from the INEPT leaders of Canadian Golf Superintendents Association trade association ( CGSA ) have served only to embolden « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS »   

 

The CGSA believes that the best way to MINIMIZE INPUTS  [ ?!?! ]  of all types is through the use of Integrated Pest Management ( IPM ) protocols  [ ?!?! ] . 

 

 

 

According to golf-hating extremists, « RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE » is achieved by « MINIMIZING INPUTS » & « PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE ».  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

« RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE » is also achieved with « PROHIBITION » against conventional pest control products that are desperately needed by main-stream golf courses.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

« ORGANIC » means that a golf course has self-imposed « PROHIBITION » against conventional pest control products, rendering it « PESTICIDE-FREE » & « RESPONSIBLE ».  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

After decades of benefiting from the golf industry’s PESTICIDE BAN EXCEPTION STATUS, some « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » have ridiculously decided to self-impose their own « PROHIBITIONS », & convert their golf courses to « FAKE-ORGANIC ». 

 

Observers are aghast that « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » have been invalidating & attacking the PESTICIDE BAN EXCEPTION STATUS that allowed the golf industry to avoid being subjected to « PROHIBITION » for a generation, thanks to the unbelievable lobbying by Mr William H Gathercole in the 1990s. 

 

« ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » FALSELY-ALLEGE that « ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » & « IPM » & other doctrines will work, & can be used to successfully to manage golf courses. 

 

This is ridiculous & wrong. 

 

They conveniently ignore the « PESTICIDE-FREE » DISASTER at BETHPAGE which resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

The FALSE-BETHPAGE-ALLEGATION that « SEE I TOLD YOU ORGANIC WORKS » must be STOPPED, forever. 

 

« ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENT » have, perhaps unwittingly, conspired to self-impose « PROHIBITION » against pest control products used on their golf courses. 

 

« ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENT » may have also conspired against the PROTOCOLS & PERFORMANCE STANDARDS for SCIENCE-BASED & TIME-TESTED & CORRECT maintenance practices. 

 

There is NO industry, or regulatory, oversight concerning any of the FALSE-ALLEGATIONS by « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS ». 

 

« ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » maintenance doctrines are promoted by « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » with UNVERIFIABLE success stories. 

 

In essence, these « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » can say whatever they want, & they can LIE with impunity, especially about any flagrant use of pesticides. 

 

Observers agree that superintendents are NOT paid to be « ACTIVISTS »      they are paid to satisfy paying-golfers who demand HIGH-QUALITY PLAYING CONDITIONS & AESTHETICS ACHIEVED BY THICKER, GREENER, PEST-FREE, & MANICURED TURF. 

 

« ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » represent the GREATEST THREATS to the modern golf industry. 

 

Overall, « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » simply DO NOT deserve to work in the industry that they betray. 

 

The golf industry should focus on the fact that conventional pest control products are SCIENTIFICALLY SAFE since they have been scrutinized & approved by the HUNDREDS of expert-scientists at US Environmental Protection Agency ( US EPA ) & Health Canada. 

 

Overall, when they are used properly, there are NO harmful irreversible effects to human health & the environment !

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this « MINIMIZING INPUTS » nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

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Responsible Golf ?

 

Propaganda     

 

 

 

Bethpage’s IPM Strategies Are Expected To
Reduce Reliance On Pesticides & Fertilizers

[ ?!?! ]

 

Bethpage’s IPM Reduces Risk & Improves
Environmental Compatibility
[ ?!?! ]

 

Bethpage Has Adapted To Minimal Pesticide
Inputs & Has Weaned-Off Pesticides Because
Of A Catastrophic IPM Disaster That Resulted
In The Large-Scale-Death Of Annual Bluegrass &
The Subsequent Transition To Creeping Bentgrass

 

 

 

« IPM-ACTIVISTS » at BETHPAGE spread FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA about « IPM » through New York State PROPAGANDA documents. 

 

They LIE about turfgrasses being « WEANED-OFF » pesticides at BETHPAGE. 

 

« IPM-ACTIVISTS » will never acknowledge that the « IPM » DISASTER at Bethpage resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of annual bluegrass. 

 

This is their interpretation of « WEANED-OFF »    LARGE-SCALE-DEATH. 

 

This resulted in the over-seeding & / or sodding of improved varieties of creeping bentgrass which were more resistant to pests than annual bluegrass. 

 

This is called TURF SPECIES TRANSITION. 

 

Without oversight & research, « IPM-ACTIVISTS » can say whatever they want, & they can LIE with impunity, especially about the so-called successes of « IPM ». 

 

 

 

According to the New York State FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM », strategies were needed for REDUCING THE USE OF PESTICIDES & FERTILIZERS at BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA 

 

The strategies outlined in this manual are primarily based on knowledge gained during a nine-year study at the BETHPAGE State Park in Farmingdale, NY, designed to REDUCE THE USE OF CHEMICAL PESTICIDES AND FERTILIZERS. 

 

[ … ] 

 

« IPM » will REDUCE YOUR RELIANCE ON PESTICIDES   

 

The early years of the BETHPAGE Project demonstrated the effect of the ECOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE OF PESTICIDES [ ?!?? ].  

 

Specifically, when pesticides were withheld, the turf that had been sustained for more than 60 years with pesticides failed. 

 

Over time the project has shown that the putting surfaces, once RELIANT ON PESTICIDES, can be maintained with significantly FEWER INPUTS  [ ?!?? ] . 

 

The IPM program helps REDUCE THE RELIANCE ON PESTICIDE USE  [ ?!?? ]  by   

 

   Improving growing environments through tree removal, improved air circulation, and soil amendments  [ ?!?? ]  . 

 

   Implementation of a series of CULTURAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS  [ ?!?? ]  that remove stress on turf and promote healthy plants. 

 

   INTERVENING  [ ?!?? ]  when indicated by risk period, site conditions, and tolerance levels.

 

 

 

The New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » explains BETHPAGE practices of  « RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE » [ ?!?!?!?! ] with COSTLY, FAILED, MEDIEVAL, INEFFECTIVE, & UNFEASIBLE doctrines 

 

« IPM » REDUCES RISK   [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

Beyond the concerns of regular pesticide use, the implementation of « IPM » is directed at the IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY of the golf course. 

 

The first step in this process is through REDUCED RELIANCE ON CHEMICAL PESTICIDES and when possible, SELECTING PESTICIDES BASED ON REDUCED RISK. 

 

The BETHPAGE study was the FIRST PROJECT to implement the use of the « ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT » ( EIQ ) in a turfgrass system ( Kovach et al, 1992 ).

 

 

 

According to more of the New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » explains the story about DISASTER at BETHPAGE   

 

The Green Course putting surface turf population has ADAPTED TO MINIMAL PESTICIDE INPUTS.  [ ?!?? ]

 

This is primarily through REDUCED ANNUAL BLUEGRASS POPULATIONS   historically more susceptible to pest problems. 

 

This finding suggests turf populations can be « WEANED-OFF » PESTICIDES [ ?!?! ] and maintain a playable surface. 

 

[ BETHPAGE HAS « ADAPTED » TO MINIMAL PESTICIDE INPUTS & HAS « WEANED-OFF » PESTICIDES AS A RESULT OF A CATASTROPHIC « IPM » DISASTER THAT RESULTED IN THE LARGE-SCALE-DEATH OF ANNUAL BLUEGRASS & THE SUBSEQUENT TRANSITION TO CREEPING BENTGRASS ] 

 

 

 

 

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Responsible Golf ?

 

Not Organic     

 

 

 

All Organic Golf Courses
Are Not Organic, Except One

 

 

 

There is ONLY ONE « ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » golf course in America    Vineyard Golf Club, on Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA. 

 

Remember    all others are NOT « ORGANIC » golf courses. 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, is NOT « ORGANIC ».

 

So-called « ORGANIC » golf courses are all « FAKE-ORGANIC ». 

 

They practice so-called « HYBRID PESTICIDE USE » that includes the regular use of conventional pest control products, when it suits their purposes. 

 

Ostensively, conventional products will be applied when paying-golfers are NOT present on the property, or when the facilities are closed. 

 

The so-called success of « HYBRID PESTICIDE USE » maintenance is promoted by « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » with UNVERIFIABLE success stories. 

 

There is NO industry & NO regulatory oversight concerning any allegations concerning « ORGANIC » or « PESTICIDE-FREE » or « HYBRID PESTICIDE USE » maintenance. 

 

Without oversight, « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » ( & « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » ) can say whatever they want, & they can LIE with impunity, especially about any flagrant use of pesticides. 

 

Without oversight, they can conveniently ignore the « PESTICIDE-FREE » DISASTER at BETHPAGE which resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

« RESPONSIBLE USE OF PESTICIDES » is NOT « ORGANIC ». 

 

 

 

 

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Explore The Following Selected Links     

 

 

CGSA The Media History Of Canadian Golf Superintendents Association LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/canadian-golf-superintendents-association/

 

 

CGSA Response To British Columbia Prohibition — Part 1 LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Force-Of-Nature-CGSA-2010-02-15-Collision-Course-CGSA-Response-to-British-Columbia-Prohibition-Part-1-1.pdf

 

 

CGSA Response To British Columbia Prohibition — Part 2 LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Force-Of-Nature-CGSA-2010-02-15-Collision-Course-CGSA-Response-to-British-Columbia-Prohibition-Part-2-2.pdf

 

 

GCSAA Board Approved 2021-2022 Priority Issues Agenda — Reference LINK

 

GCSAA Board Approved 2021-2022 Priority Issues Agenda

 

 

BETHPAGE GC Reducing Chemical Use On Golf Course Turf — Redefining IPM — New York State — Reference LINK

 

Reducing Chemical Use On Golf Course Turf — Redefining IPM

 

 

 

 

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Background Information

 

Pesticide Reliance At Bethpage

 

 

 

 

Main-Stream Superintendents Will

Not Imitate Failures Like Bethpage

 

Bethpage Is A Failure Because It Is Not

Organic, But Rather, It Is Merely Less

Reliant On Pesticides Since A Pesticide-

Free Program Is Not Feasible

 

 

 

 

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Pesticide Reliance At Bethpage

 

Fake-Organic     

 

 

 

Bethpage Is Not Organic, But Rather,
It Is Merely Less Reliant On Pesticides

 

Organic Golf Means No Pesticides &
No Fertilizers Or Other Products Can
Be Used Whose Active Ingredient
Was Synthetically Produced

 

 

 

There is ONLY ONE « ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » golf course in America    Vineyard Golf Club, on Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA. 

 

Remember    all others that pretend to be « ORGANIC » are NOT « ORGANIC » golf courses. 

 

 

 

According to « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENT » Jeff Carlson, from Vineyard Golf Club   

 

We need to get a set of guidelines and criteria for what ORGANIC GOLF really means, and we’re working on it, but basically it means NO PESTICIDES OR FERTILIZERS or other products can be used whose active ingredient was SYNTHETICALLY-PRODUCED. 

 

 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, is NOT an « ORGANIC » golf course. 

 

They are all « FAKE-ORGANIC ». 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course is a FAILURE because it is a « FAKE-ORGANIC » golf course that claims to be merely « LESS RELIANT ON PESTICIDES ». 

 

 

 

The New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » explains the story about being LESS RELIANT ON PESTICIDES at BETHPAGE   

 

A long-term field research project was initiated at the BETHPAGE State Park Green Course to investigate cultural and pest management systems designed to be LESS RELIANT ON PESTICIDES.   

 

New research findings, as well as superintendents’ experiences, are continually incorporated into the project and evaluated on a typical public golf course. 

 

Through this project we have developed environmentally compatible golf turf management programs that are LESS RELIANT ON CHEMICAL PESTICIDES and serve as the core of this handbook. 

 

 

 

More precisely, BETHPAGE practices so-called « HYBRID PESTICIDE USE » which includes the regular use of conventional pest control products, when it suits its purposes. 

 

Ostensively, conventional products have been applied at BETHPAGE when paying-golfers are not present on the property, or when the facility is closed. 

 

Even with the STAGGERING & UNLIMITED AMOUNTS OF MONEY that has been available from either government hand-outs & trade association donations, BETHPAGE’s « FAKE-ORGANIC » maintenance has not provided consistent HIGH-QUALITY PLAYING CONDITIONS & AESTHETICS    see later segment. 

 

BETHPAGE is the FAILURE of « PESTICIDE-FREE » maintenance resulting in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

In fact, BETHPAGE’s « FAKE-ORGANIC » maintenance has been a DISASTER because of its FAILURE to perform TURF SPECIES TRANSITION    see later segment. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this « ORGANIC » or « FAKE-ORGANIC » nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

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Pesticide Reliance At Bethpage

 

Pesticides Allowed     

 

 

 

Bethpage Is A Pesticide-Free Failure

 

 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, is recognized as a facility that is « LESS RELIANT ON PESTICIDES ». 

 

This means that it has allowed itself to USE PESTICIDES WITH IMPUNITY ! 

 

BETHPAGE has also been used as an example of a golf course that reinforces the INEFFECTIVE practices of « INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT » or « IPM ». 

 

 

 

The New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM », the FAILURE of « PESTICIDE-FREE » at BETHPAGE is explained   

 

A long-term field research project was initiated at the BETHPAGE State Park Green Course to investigate cultural and pest management systems designed to be LESS RELIANT ON PESTICIDES.   

 

[ … ] 

 

The [ BETHPAGE ] project has helped to REINFORCE THE BASIC TENANTS OF IPM    [ ?!?! ]

 

   Use an inter-disciplinary approach to understand the problem; 

 

   Use a series of preventative steps to minimize problems; and 

 

   USE PESTICIDES  [ YES, USE PESTICIDES WITH IMPUNITY ! ]  only when pest pressure and environmental conditions are conducive to severe reductions in playing quality, 

 

[ … ] 

 

and then chose the LEAST TOXIC PESTICIDE OPTION.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

 

 

A « PESTICIDE-FREE » program was NOT FEASIBLE at BETHPAGE    see later segment. 

 

In fact, the « PESTICIDE-FREE » DISASTER at BETHPAGE resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Pesticide Reliance At Bethpage

 

Rossi Allegations     

 

 

 

A Pesticide-Free Program Is
Not Feasible At Bethpage

 

 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, is a FAILURE because it is NOT an « ORGANIC » golf course. 

 

Frank Rossi, « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT » & government-official at Cornell University, has been FALSELY-ALLEGING that BETHPAGE is the ONLY « ORGANIC » golf course in America. 

 

This is RIDICULOUS & WRONG    Rossi is a LYING SACK OF CRЖP. 

 

There is ONLY ONE « ORGANIC », as well as « PESTICIDE-FREE », golf course in America    & it is NOT BETHPAGE. 

 

Moreover, BETHPAGE’s supposed « ORGANIC » maintenance has been promoted by Rossi with UNVERIFIABLE & UNSCIENTIFIC stories. 

 

In fact, the « PESTICIDE-FREE » DISASTER at BETHPAGE resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

In fact, « ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » maintenance has led to DISASTER at BETHPAGE because of its FAILURE to perform TURF SPECIES TRANSITION on its putting greens    see later segment. 

 

BETHPAGE may only have portions of that are « ORGANIC », such as the poorer quality practice areas. 

 

Rossi has been unrestrained with his FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA since there is NO industry, NO regulatory, & NO oversight. 

 

In essence, Rossi can say whatever he wants, & he can LIE WITH IMPUNITY, especially about BETHPAGE’s flagrant use of pesticides. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT » nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Overview & Background Information

 

Rossi Interference     

 

 

 

Rossi Must Stop Interfering In
Partisan Politics & Public Policy With
False-Allegations About Prohibition

 

 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, is a further FAILURE because its own « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT », Frank Rossi, a government-official at Cornell University, has been unrestrained with his FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA against pesticides beyond the confines of BETHPAGE. 

 

On his pod-cast, Rossi, with fellow-activist Pamela Charbonneau, has BETRAYED the green space industry with his fanatжcal SUPPORT of the « PROHIBITION » against pest control products used in the urban landscape. 

 

Rossi has even allowed Charbonneau to MIS-INFORM pod-cast listeners about reckless & arbitrary « PROHIBITION » in Canada. 

 

BETHPAGE is a FAILURE because its own « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT » Frank Rossi is also a FAILURE.

 

The « IPM » DISASTER at BETHPAGE resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

Rossi must STOP INTERFERING IN PARTISAN POLITICS & PUBLIC POLICY with FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA about « PROHIBITION » against conventional pest control products that are SAFE & EFFECTIVE. 

 

Nonetheless, « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT » Rossi ridiculously conspired to self-impose « PROHIBITION » at BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course. 

 

No main-stream superintendent needs to IMITATE the « PROHIBITION » at BETHPAGE. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Pesticide Reliance At Bethpage

 

Industry Response     

 

 

 

The False Bethpage Allegation That
« See I Told You Organic Works »
Must Be Stopped, Forever

 

 

 

This is how to stop the « SEE I TOLD YOU ORGANIC WORKS ».

 

The golf industry must NOT readily embrace the FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA of « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » like Frank Rossi & his COSTLY, FAILED, MEDIEVAL, INEFFECTIVE, & UNFEASIBLE doctrines of « ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE » maintenance. 

 

The golf industry must respond by ENDING its validation of all « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS ». 

 

Furthermore, the golf industry cannot possibly consider BETHPAGE as a TEMPLATE that serves as an example for main-stream superintendents.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

In essence, BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, represents a TERRIBLE ATTACK against main-stream superintendents & their facilities. 

 

The FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA about BETHPAGE have served as a TEMPLATE for golf-hating extremists’ FALSE-ALLEGATIONS that « SEE I TOLD YOU ORGANIC WORKS ».  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

« ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE » maintenance is considered as a FAILURE. 

 

The FALSE-BETHPAGE-ALLEGATION that « SEE I TOLD YOU ORGANIC WORKS » must be STOPPED, forever. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this « ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE » nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Pesticide Reliance At Bethpage

 

Conclusions     

 

 

 

IPM Will Not Lead To Pesticide-Free

 

 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, has been a « PESTICIDE-FREE » FAILURE. 

 

It has continued to USE PESTICIDES WITH IMPUNITY ! 

 

BETHPAGE is NOT « PESTICIDE-FREE », & is NOT « ORGANIC », but rather, it is merely « LESS RELIANT ON PESTICIDES ». 

 

Overall, « ORGANIC » & « FAKE-ORGANIC » maintenance practices have been FAILURES. 

 

Hence, it can be concluded that BETHPAGE’s use of « IPM » will NOT lead to « PESTICIDE-FREE ». 

 

There is ONLY ONE « ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » golf course in America    it is Vineyard Golf Club    & it is NOT BETHPAGE. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this COSTLY, FAILED, MEDIEVAL, INEFFECTIVE, & UNFEASIBLE « ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Explore The Following Selected Links   

 

 

BETHPAGE GCThe Only Organic Golf Course In The US ? LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2011/05/21/frank-rossi-turf-consultant-bethpage-organic-golf-cornell-university/

 

 

BETHPAGE GC Reducing Chemical Use On Golf Course Turf — Redefining IPM — New York State — Reference LINK

 

Reducing Chemical Use On Golf Course Turf — Redefining IPM

 

 

LYING SACKS OF CRЖP Rossi Supports The Conspiracy To Prohibit Pest Control Products LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Force-Of-Nature-LIAR-Charbonneau-2011-06-13-Ontario-Prohibition-Propaganda-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

 

LYING SACKS OF CRЖP Fanatжcal Attacks With False-Information LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/liars/

 

 

ORGANIC FAILURE Failures Of Organic Golf Courses LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2021/09/17/failures-of-organic-golf-courses-attack-statements-against-the-golf-industry-by-golf-com-medieval-ineffective-practices-of-organic-pesticide-free-maintenance-2021-07-29/

 

 

VINEYARD GC Annual Bluegrass — Disaster For Organic — Carlson — Audio Recording — 1.38-Minutes LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04//AnnualBlueGrassNotForOrganics%20of%20GTI%20Superintendent%20in%20Residence%20public%20lecture_0%20(6).mp3

 

 

VINEYARD GC The Only Organic & Pesticide-Free Golf Course In America LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2021/09/29/failure-of-organic-golf-course-vineyard-golf-club/

 

 

 

 

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Background Information

 

Pesticide-Free Failure At Bethpage

 

 

 

 

Main-Stream Superintendents Will

Not Imitate Failures Like Bethpage
& Its Costly, Medieval, & Unfeasible

Pesticide-Free Maintenance

 

Since Bethpage Uses Pesticides

With Impunity, The Main-Stream

Superintendent Can Be Comfortable

In Responsibly Using Pesticides

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Pesticide-Free Failure At Bethpage

 

Not Feasible     

 

 

The Zero-Pesticide Program At
Bethpage Has Been A Failure

 

 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, is a FAILURE because it has been determined that BETHPAGE’s « PESTICIDE-FREE » program was NOT FEASIBLE for providing paying-golfers with HIGH-QUALITY PLAYING CONDITIONS & AESTHETICS. 

 

 

 

The New York State report entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » explains the FAILURE OF THE « ZERO-PESTICIDE » PROGRAM at BETHPAGE   

 

The project evolved over several years when IT WAS DETERMINED THAT A « ZERO-PESTICIDE » PROGRAM in this environment WAS NOT FEASIBLE FOR PRODUCING ACCEPTABLE PUTTING GREEN SURFACES. 

 

 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this COSTLY & MEDIEVAL & UNFEASIBLE « PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE » nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Pesticide-Free Failure At Bethpage

 

Pesticides Allowed     

 

 

 

Bethpage Is A Failure Since It
Uses Pesticides With Impunity

 

 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, is a FAILURE because pesticides continue to be ALLOWED on the golf course. 

 

It uses pesticides with impunity. 

 

 

 

The New York State report entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » explains the story about ALLOWING PESTICIDES at BETHPAGE   

 

The project has helped to reinforce the basic tenants of « IPM »   

 

   Use an inter-disciplinary approach to understand the problem; 

 

   Use a series of preventative steps to minimize  problems; and 

 

   USE PESTICIDES   [ YES, USE PESTICIDES WITH IMPUNITY ! ]  only when pest pressure and environmental conditions are conducive to severe reductions in playing quality, and then

 

   Choose the LEAST TOXIC PESTICIDE OPTION  [ ?!?! ] . 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Pesticide-Free Failure At Bethpage

 

False-Allegations     

 

 

 

No Main-Stream Superintendent
Needs False IPM Allegations

 

 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, is a FAILURE because it utilizes the practices of « INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT », or « IPM », that cannot possibly lead to « PESTICIDE-FREE » in a manner that is effective & economical. 

 

Overall, the supposedly more PROGRESSIVE  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  « PESTICIDE-FREE » version of « IPM » will NEVER control infestations of recurring pests         invasive weeds      destructive insects      harmful diseases. 

 

Hence, paying-golfers are forced to play on a #@!!% DISASTROUS pest-infested garbage dump. 

 

« IPM-ACTIVISTS » have FALSELY-ALLEGED that « IPM WILL NOT REDUCE QUALITY ».  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

This is RIDICULOUS & WRONG    « IPM-ACTIVISTS » are LYING SACKS OF CRЖP. 

 

 

 

According to the New York State FALSE-IPM-ALLEGATIONS entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM », IPM WILL NOT REDUCE QUALITY [ ?!?!?!?! ] , without citing any valid scientific references   

 

« IPM » does not require acceptance of a REDUCTION IN QUALITY of the playing surfaces.  [ ?!?!?!?! ]   

 

In fact, many definitions of « IPM » include a reference to adjusting practices so there is NO REDUCTION IN QUALITY  [ ?!?!?!?!?!?! ]  ( Bajwa and Kogan 2002 ). 

 

 

[ THIS ALLEGATION IS FALSE SINCE THE REFERENCE IS NOT AN ACTUAL TURFGRASS RESEARCH STUDY ] 

 

 

The BETHPAGE study showed that once the putting surfaces STABILIZED  [ I.E. STOPPED BEING DESTROYED BY IPM ]  following implementation of REDUCED RISK PROGRAMS, playing conditions, as measured by visual quality and ball roll, almost always met golfer satisfaction.  [ ?!?!?!?! ]   

 

 

[ ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE HAS BEEN A DISASTER AT BETHPAGE BECAUSE OF ITS FAILURE TO PERFORM TURF SPECIES TRANSITION ] 

 

 

As strategies have been implemented on tees and fairways, there have been similar performance responses.  [ ?!?!?!?! ]   

 

 

 

The FALSE-ALLEGATION that « IPM WILL NOT REDUCE QUALITY » is promoted by « IPM-ACTIVISTS » with UNVERIFIABLE success stories. 

 

There is NO golf industry & NO regulatory oversight concerning this FALSE-ALLEGATION. 

 

There is NO neutral science-based research. 

 

The « IPM » DISASTER at BETHPAGE resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

Without oversight & research, « IPM-ACTIVISTS » can say whatever they want, & they can LIE with impunity, especially about « IPM WILL NOT REDUCE QUALITY ». 

 

Observers believe that it is FRIGHTENING that BETHPAGE has served as a TERRIBLE TEMPLATE for main-stream golf courses based upon FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA concerning the INEFFECTIVE practices of « INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT ». 

 

BETHPAGE is a FAILURE because of FALSE-IPM-ALLEGATIONS concerning its supposed success. 

 

The DISASTER at BETHPAGE resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this FALSE-IPM-ALLEGATIONS nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Overview & Background Information

 

Less Toxic Pesticides     

 

 

 

No Main-Stream Superintendent Needs To
Use Least Toxic Pesticides As A Last Resort

 

 

 

In the era of « RESPONSIBLE GOLF » [ ?!?!?!?! ], products are applied more sparingly    best practices feature INEFFECTIVE « IPM » & NEEDLESS « MINIMIZING INPUTS », which calls for an application of the LEAST TOXIC PESTICIDE available only as a LAST RESORT rather than immediate solution.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

The interpretations of « IPM » provide NO BENEFIT & NO SCIENTIFIC BASIS with the use of simplistic messages like « USE LEAST TOXIC PESTICIDES AS A LAST RESORT » & « APPLY IT ONLY AS A LAST RESORT ». 

 

According to three scientific organizations         Weed Science Society of America ( WSSA )      American Phytopathological Society ( APS )      Plant-Insect Ecosystems Section of the Entomological Society of America ( P-IE ESA )    these messages are NOT THE CORRECT APPROACHES to the pesticide component of an « IPM » program. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this « LEAST TOXIC PESTICIDES AS A LAST RESORT » nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Overview & Background Information

 

Positive Waves     

 

 

 

The Main-Stream Superintendent
Can Responsibly Use Pesticides

 

 

 

There are POSITIVE WAVES for communities with well-maintained golf course « GREEN-SPACES ». 

 

Pesticides & nutrients used for turf maintenance are GOOD for the environment !

 

The modern golf industry can be described as « THE PLANET’S GREAT CONSERVATIONIST » that satisfies paying customers who want golf courses with high-quality playing conditions & aesthetics provided by greener, thicker, pest-free, & manicured turf conditions. 

 

For generations, the modern golf industry has been maintaining & conserving one of the world’s largest ground cover vegetation, & has been contributing extensively to the beautification of our urban landscapes, & the preservation of our environment. 

 

When pesticides & nutrients are used properly, there are NO harmful irreversible effects to human health & the environment. 

 

 

 

The GCSAA Board of Directors’ Position Statement entitled « GCSAA BOARD APPROVED 2021-2022 PRIORITY ISSUES AGENDA » has been published by Golf Course Superintendents Association of America concerning the ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS with HEALTHY turfgrass   

 

Position statement   

 

There are many other ENVIRONMENT BENEFITS TO HEALTHY TURFGRASS including the capture of run-off pollutants in storm-water, temperature buffer, erosion control, and serving as a protective barrier to ground-water. 

 

In addition, many entities both public and private rely on HEALTHY green-spaces like golf courses as a key component in maintaining financial revenues. 

 

[ … ] 

 

The RESPONSIBLE USE OF PESTICIDES is essential to maintaining HEALTHY turfgrass. 

 

HEALTHY turfgrass allows communities to enjoy many BENEFITS including   creation of critical « GREEN-SPACES », providing wildlife habitat, and ensuring recreational opportunities. 

 

 

 

Successful main-stream superintendents will RESPONSIBLY USE PESTICIDES by following the PROTOCOLS & PERFORMANCE STANDARDS for SCIENCE-BASED & TIME-TESTED & CORRECT maintenance practices. 

 

The main-stream superintendent can RESPONSIBLY USE PESTICIDES. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Explore The Following Selected Links   

 

 

BENEFITS OF TURF The Media Library Of Benefits Of Turfgrass In Landscapes & On Golf Courses LINK

 

positive waves benefits

 

 

BENEFITS OF TURF CropLife Canada Blog & Posters LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2017/06/14/posters-community-benefits-of-golf-striking-back-against-pesticide-bans-croplife-canada-2017-00-00/

 

 

BENEFITS OF TURF Canadian Turfgrass Research Foundation ( CTRF ) — Blog & Poster LINKS

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2015/08/21/the-environmental-benefits-of-turfgrass-new-poster-striking-back-against-pesticide-bans-2015-08-21/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Positive-Waves-Benefits-Of-Turfgrass-CTRF-2-0.jpg

 

 

BENEFITS OF TURF Cooling — PT Theme — Mr Art C Drysdale — Audio Recording LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Audio-Wisdom-of-Drysdale-Benefits-Turfgrass-Cooling-PT-THEME.mp3

 

 

BENEFITS OF TURF Augusta National Golf Club & The Quest For Perfection LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2020/03/21/positive-waves-augusta-national-golf-club-aspiring-towards-golf-course-perfection-the-augusta-effect-2020-01-00/

 

 

BETHPAGE The Only Organic Golf Course In The US ? LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2011/05/21/frank-rossi-turf-consultant-bethpage-organic-golf-cornell-university/

 

 

BETHPAGE Reducing Chemical Use On Golf Course Turf — Redefining IPM — New York State — Reference LINK

 

Reducing Chemical Use On Golf Course Turf — Redefining IPM

 

 

IPM Compendium Of IPM Definitions — Bajwa & Kogan — Reference LINK

 

Compendium of IPM Definitions

 

 

IPM Least Toxic Pesticides Applied As A Last Resort LINKS

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Force-Of-Nature-FAILURE-of-IPM-2012-11-12-UPDATE-Least-Toxic-Pesticides-Applied-As-A-Last-Resort-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2012/11/20/integrated-pest-management-least-toxic-pesticides-applied-as-a-last-resort-2012-11-12/

 

 

IPM #@!!% Nonsense LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/failure-of-integrated-pest-management/

 

 

POSITIVE WAVES Library Of Positive Waves For Society LINK

 

positive waves library

 

 

 

 

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Background Information

 

IPM Failure At Bethpage

 

 

 

 

Main-Stream Superintendents Will
Not Need Progressive & Ineffective IPM

 

Bethpage Is A Failure Because Of The
IPM Disaster That Resulted In The Large-
Scale Death Of Annual Bluegrass

 

Bethpage Was Forced To Re-Brand Itself
With The Progressive Version OF IPM

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

IPM Failure At Bethpage

 

Impossible IPM     

 

 

 

No Main-Stream Superintendent
  Needs Ineffective IPM

 

 

 

It will be IMPOSSIBLE for golf superintendents to maintain HIGH-QUALITY PLAYING CONDITIONS & AESTHETICS by relying upon the INEFFECTIVE practices of the supposedly more PROGRESSIVE  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  « PESTICIDE-FREE » version of « IPM ». 

 

« IPM » is #@!!% nonsense & WILL NEVER WORK. 

 

Overall, « IPM » will NOT control damaging pest populations to an acceptable level in established turf. 

 

The « IPM » DISASTER at BETHPAGE resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

In practice, main-stream superintendents must follow the PROTOCOLS & PERFORMANCE STANDARDS for SCIENCE-BASED & TIME-TESTED & CORRECT maintenance practices. 

 

« IPM » is INAPPROPRIATE for the golf industry, & is NOT based on scientific research. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this INEFFECTIVE « IPM » nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

IPM Failure At Bethpage

 

Progressive IPM     

 

 

 

Bethpage Is A Failure Because Of The
IPM Disaster That Resulted In The Large-
Scale Death Of Annual Bluegrass

 

Bethpage Is Also A Failure Since It
Was Forced To Re-Brand Itself With
The Progressive Version OF IPM

 

 

 

Originally, BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, intended to maintain the golf course with the « PESTICIDE-FREE » version of « IPM ».

 

This ended in DISASTER. 

 

BETHPAGE soon became a FAILURE because « IPM » could not possibly lead to « PESTICIDE-FREE » in a manner that is effective & economical. 

 

BETHPAGE was forced to RE-BRAND OR RE-DEFINE itself as the « PROGRESSIVE » version of « INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT », or « IPM », because of the « IPM » DISASTER at BETHPAGE resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

 

 

The New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » explains the FAILURE at BETHPAGE   

 

The [ BETHPAGE ] project evolved over several years when it was determined that a « ZERO-PESTICIDE
» program in this environment WAS NOT FEASIBLE FOR PRODUCING ACCEPTABLE PUTTING GREEN SURFACES. 

 

The study now compares a « BIOLOGICALLY BASED REDUCED RISK » [ ?!?!?!?! ] program with « PROGRESSIVE IPM » [ ?!?!?!?! ] and conventional pest management. 

 

An important aspect of the project was the development of  [ BOGUS ]  ALTERNATIVE CULTURAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS such as mowing, fertilization, and cultivation practices that results in a more stress tolerant putting surface system. 

 

 

 

« INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT », or « IPM », cannot be relied upon to properly maintain golf courses. 

 

BETHPAGE has utilized « IPM » that cannot possibly lead to « PESTICIDE-FREE » in a manner that is effective & economical. 

 

BETHPAGE has FAILED TO SHOW that its « IPM » can be adapted & made MORE PROGRESSIVE to get one step closer to « ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » maintenance. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need « PROGRESSIVE IPM ». 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

IPM Failure At Bethpage

 

Funding IPM     

 

 

 

No Amount Of Money Could
Make Bethpage Pesticide-Free

 

 

 

With the supposedly more PROGRESSIVE  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  « PESTICIDE-FREE » version of « IPM », golf courses become
pest-infested & unplayable garbage dumps  
  unless STAGGERING & UNLIMITED AMOUNTS OF MONEY are provided by         trade association donations      government agency hand-outs & / or      ultra-wealthy club-members’ contributions. 

 

This has been case with the ONLY  « ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » golf course in America    Vineyard Golf Club    but NOT BETHPAGE. 

 

BETHPAGE State Park Golf Course has been GENEROUSLY-SUPPORTED by both government & associations    all for nothing. 

 

The STAGGERING & UNLIMITED FUNDING at BETHPAGE turned out to be a FAILURE because it has been determined a « PESTICIDE-FREE » program was NOT FEASIBLE for providing paying-golfers with HIGH-QUALITY PLAYING CONDITIONS. 

 

 

 

The New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » explains the FUNDING & SUPPORT-IN-KIND of BETHPAGE   

 

The BETHPAGE study was initially FUNDED by the United States Golf Association ( USGA ), subsequently by the Northeastern IPM Center ( USDA-CSREES ), and currently by the NYS [ NEW YORK STATE ] Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation ( OPRHP ). 

 

OPRHP [ NEW YORK STATE OFFICE OF PARKS, RECREATION & HISTORIC PRESERVATION ] and BETHPAGE State Park in particular have been EXTREMELY SUPPORTIVE of this project, and have CONTRIBUTED IMMEASURABLE IN-KIND SERVICES [ I.E. SERVICES PROVIDED INSTEAD OF CASH ] . 

 

In addition to these organizations, the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America ( GCSAA ) and their Environmental Institute for Golf ( EIFG ) DEDICATE RESOURCES to FUNDING scientific research and providing education on BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES for golf. 

 

Amongst all these groups PROMOTING ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP, New York State’s commitment to REDUCING PESTICIDE USE on 29 state operated golf courses may represent the largest environmental leadership initiative in the industry, and paves the way for improving the ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY OF GOLF. 

 

 

 

Nonetheless, no amount of money could make BETHPAGE « PESTICIDE-FREE ». 

 

Besides, who can afford this #@!!% « IPM » nonsense ?!?!   especially if they do not have access to STAGGERING & UNLIMITED AMOUNTS OF MONEY.

 

Sadly, the supposedly more PROGRESSIVE  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  « PESTICIDE-FREE » version of « IPM » is FINANCIALLY-IMPOSSIBLE for main-stream golf courses. 

 

Observers expect that no amount of money could make main-stream golf courses « PESTICIDE-FREE ». 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this « IPM » nonsense that WILL NEVER WORK & that threatens the golf courses’ HIGH-QUALITY PLAYING CONDITIONS & AESTHETICS. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Overview & Background Information

 

Discrediting Progressive IPM     

 

 

 

The Golf Industry Must Vigorously
Embark On A Massive Public Relations
Campaign To Discredit Progressive
IPM, Declaring It As Ineffective

 

 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this « PROGRESSIVE IPM » nonsense. 

 

« IPM » is NOT « PROGRESSIVE » & is NOT « RESPONSIBLE GOLF ». 

 

The « IPM » DISASTER at BETHPAGE resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

Consequently, BETHPAGE was forced to RE-BRAND OR RE-DEFINE itself as « PROGRESSIVE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT » or « PROGRESSIVE IPM ». 

 

BETHPAGE has FALSELY-ALLEGED that its « RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE » will somehow PROTECT HUMAN HEALTH & THE ENVIRONMENT. 

 

In today’s enviro-extremist era of « RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE » [ ?!?!?!?! ] , BETHPAGE has been forced to adopt COSTLY, FAILED, MEDIEVAL, INEFFECTIVE, &  UNFEASIBLE doctrines, such as         Chemical Pesticide & Fertilizer Reduction      Ecological Pesticides Dependence Reduction      Environmental Compatibility Improvement      Environmental Impact Quotient ( EIQ )      Environmental Impact Reduction      Organic Maintenance      Pesticide-Free or Zero-Pesticides Maintenance      Pesticide Selection Based Upon Reduced-Risk      Progressive Integrated Pest Management ( IPM )      Reliance On Pesticide Use Reduction      Risk Reduction Program       And more. 

 

 

 

According to the New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » BETHPAGE’s « RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE » 

 

« IPM » REDUCES RISK    [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

Beyond the concerns of regular pesticide use, the implementation of IPM is directed at the IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY of the golf course. 

 

The first step in this process is through REDUCED RELIANCE ON CHEMICAL PESTICIDES and when possible, SELECTING PESTICIDES BASED ON REDUCED RISK. 

 

 

 

Human health & the environment are already PROTECTED by both US Environmental Protection Agency ( US EPA ) & Health Canada. 

 

These national regulatory agencies, & NOT « IPM » users, have the ESSENTIAL EXPERTISE & ULTIMATE CREDIBILITY on pest control products, which may only be registered for use after REAL expert-scientists have confirmed that they WILL NOT HARM human health or the environment. 

 

The golf industry must vigorously embark on a massive public relations campaign to DISCREDIT « PROGRESSIVE IPM », declaring it as INEFFECTIVE. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this « PROGRESSIVE IPM » nonsense that cannot be relied upon to properly maintain golf courses. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Overview & Background Information

 

Correct Maintenance Practices     

 

 

 

No Main-Stream Superintendent Needs

Costly, Medieval, & Unfeasible Doctrines

 

 

 

Golf course superintendents DO NOT need the nonsense of INEFFECTIVE doctrines like « PROGRESSIVE IPM ». 

 

Main-stream superintendents are responsible to provide paying-golfers with HIGH-QUALITY PLAYING CONDITIONS & AESTHETICS, at a minimum, on all putting greens. 

 

These superintendents will do so with SCIENCE-BASED & TIME-TESTED & CORRECT PROTOCOLS & PERFORMANCE STANDARDS. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need this nonsense of « PROGRESSIVE IPM » & « ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » & other COSTLY & MEDIEVAL & INEFFECTIVE doctrines. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Explore The Following Selected Links   

 

 

BETHPAGE GC Best Management Practices For New York State Golf Courses — Reference LINKS

 

Best Management Practices For New York State Golf Courses — Pages 1-53

 

Best Management Practices For New York State Golf Courses — Pages 54-116

 

 

BETHPAGE GC Reducing Chemical Use On Golf Course Turf — Redefining IPM — New York State — Reference LINK

 

Reducing Chemical Use On Golf Course Turf — Redefining IPM

 

 

HEALTH CANADA Health-Related Video Gallery LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2019/08/29/health-canadas-health-related-videos-transcripts-the-safety-of-pest-control-products-2019-08-15-2019-04-12/

 

 

IPM Failure Of IPM — #@!!% IPM Nonsense LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/failure-of-integrated-pest-management/

 

 

IPM Least Toxic Pesticides Applied As A Last Resort LINKS

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Force-Of-Nature-FAILURE-of-IPM-2012-11-12-UPDATE-Least-Toxic-Pesticides-Applied-As-A-Last-Resort-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2012/11/20/integrated-pest-management-least-toxic-pesticides-applied-as-a-last-resort-2012-11-12/

 

 

IPM CGSA Recommends Minimizing Inputs Through The Use Of IPM Protocols LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Force-Of-Nature-Golf-2010-02-15-Collision-Course-CGSA-Response-to-British-Columbia-Prohibition-Part-2-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

 

LIBRARY The Complete Library Of Reports — Turfgrass & Ornamental Maintenance Practices & More LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/a-look-at-reports/

 

 

LIBRARY The Complete Library Of References — Turfgrass Diseases & Disorders LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/a-look-at-references-turf-diseases/

 

 

LIBRARY The Media Library Of References — Turf, Ornamentals, Maintenance, & Environment LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/a-look-at-references-turf-ornamentals/

 

 

MAINTENANCE Creeping Bentgrass — Properties & Maintenance Standards LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Force-Of-Nature-A-Look-At-Creeping-Bentgrass-Properties-Maintenance-Standards-2011-05-13-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

 

MAINTENANCE Kentucky Bluegrass — Properties & Maintenance Standards LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Force-Of-Nature-A-Look-At-Kentucky-Bluegrass-Properties-Maintenance-Standards-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

 

MAINTENANCE Correct Mowing Practices LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Force-Of-Nature-A-Look-At-Turf-Disease-Suppression-Mowing-Practices-Positive-Waves-2011-07-00-pdf.pdf

 

 

ORGANIC FAILURE Failures Of Organic Golf Courses LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2021/09/17/failures-of-organic-golf-courses-attack-statements-against-the-golf-industry-by-golf-com-medieval-ineffective-practices-of-organic-pesticide-free-maintenance-2021-07-29/

 

 

ORGANIC FAILURE Vineyard Organic Golf Course LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2021/09/29/failure-of-organic-golf-course-vineyard-golf-club/

 

 

 

 

―――――――――――――――――――

 

 

 

Background Information

 

Disaster At Bethpage

 

 

 

 

The Bethpage Disaster Did Not Occur
Because Of 60 Years Of Pesticide Use
?

 

If You’ve Got 50 Per Cent, Or More,
Annual Bluegrass, Then You’re Going
To Have A Disaster Like Bethpage

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Disaster At Bethpage

 

Large Scale Death     

 

 

 

Organic Maintenance Will Be A Disaster
On Annual Bluegrass Golf Courses

 

 

 

Jeff Carlson, Vineyard’s « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENT », has described the DISASTER & LARGE SCALE DEATH AT BETHPAGE when it tried to convert to « ORGANIC » maintenance     PARTIAL TEXT

 

Because if you’ve got  50 PER CENT , or more, ANNUAL BLUEGRASS , then you’re going to have a  DISASTER  [ LIKE BETHPAGE ]  on your hands if you try to go into an « ORGANIC » management plan. 

 

If you don’t think so   [ … ]   BETHPAGE GREEN  [ GOLF COURSE ] . 

 

Talk to Frank Rossi  [ BETHPAGE’S « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT » ]  and ask him how their « ORGANIC » management plan went the first year at BETHPAGE Green on greens 16, 17, and 18. 

 

 

 

« ORGANIC » & « PESTICIDE-FREE » maintenance has been a DISASTER with the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS at BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, because of a combination of factors, including   

 

   The reckless & arbitrary & self-imposed « PROHIBITION » against conventional pest control products. 

 

   The prevalence of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS that infests the golf course    it is highly susceptible to pests. 

 

   The incompetence of « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » & « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » who operate the golf course. 

 

   The abandonment of SCIENCE-BASED & TIME-TESTED & CORRECT PROTOCOLS & PERFORMANCE STANDARDS. 

 

   The reliance on COSTLY, FAILED, MEDIEVAL, INEFFECTIVE, & UNFEASIBLE doctrines of « ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE » maintenance. 

 

   The failure to perform to TRANSITION putting greens from ANNUAL BLUEGRASS to creeping bentgrass. 

 

   The FALSE-ALLEGATIONS that « ORGANIC » maintenance is somehow a success with UNVERIFIABLE & UNSCIENTIFIC stories. 

 

   NOT because of pesticide use for more than 60 years. 

 

 

 

The New York State FALSE-ALLEGATIONS entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » excuses the DISASTER & LARGE SCALE DEATH OF TURFGRASS at BETHPAGE 

 

[ … ]  TURF THAT HAD BEEN SUSTAINED FOR MORE THAN 60 YEARS WITH PESTICIDES FAILED.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

 

 

Vineyard’s « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENT » Jeff Carlson has described the DISASTER & LARGE SCALE DEATH at BETHPAGE when it tried to convert to « ORGANIC » maintenance    FULL TEXT

 

I touched on grass selection a little bit. 

 

ANNUAL BLUEGRASS  [ … ]  we’re fortunate we don’t have it  [ AT VINEYARD GOF CLUB ]  . 

 

We’ve been in eight years, we  [ AT VINEYARD ]  still don’t have a half of a per cent  [ OF ANNUAL
BLUEGRASS ]
  on the GREENS . 

 

We   [ AT VINEYARD ]  have a lot of it  [ ANNUAL BLUEGRASS ]  in the some of the COLLARS, which I’m going to show you some shots of. 

 

But ANNUAL BLUEGRASS  [ … ]  if you’ve got a golf course, and you want to go « ORGANIC », you’re all excited about it. 

 

And it’s a nice old Donald Ross golf course  [ I.E. BETHPAGE ]  .

 

And it’s got a lot of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS on it, make a real accurate estimate of how much you have, an honest one. 

 

Because if you’ve got  50 PER CENT , or more, ANNUAL BLUEGRASS, then you’re going to have a  DISASTER  [ LIKE BETHPAGE ]  on your hands if you try to go into an « ORGANIC » management plan. 

 

If you don’t think so   [ … ]   BETHPAGE GREEN  [ GOLF COURSE ] . 

 

Talk to Frank Rossi  [ « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT » ]  and ask him how their « ORGANIC » management plan went the first year at BETHPAGE Green on greens 16, 17, and 18. 

 

They  [ AT BETHPAGE ]  get 50,000 rounds a year. 

 

They’re all  ANNUAL BLUEGRASS , and  THEY  [ I.E. BETHPAGE ]  GOT HIT REALLY HARD . 

 

So, you’ve got to know the grasses. 

 

If your club has to do it  [ I.E. ADOPT ORGANIC PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE ] . 

 

If they’re forced to do it. 

 

Then you also have to  ANALYZE THE GRASSES REALLY CAREFULLY .

 

You may have to regress. 

 

You may have to say, look, we got to take these out, we got to sod, or we got to seed, or we got to do them over  [ I.E. RENOVATE OR REBUILD TO ACCOMPLISH TURF SPECIES TRANSITION ] . 

 

And that’s better to do that. 

 

And we [ AT VINEYARD ]  had a lot of a « POA »  [ I.E. ANNUAL BLUEGRASS ]  on our practice greens. 

 

We  [ AT VINEYARD ]  do make our members keep their own shoes there  [ AT THE CLUB ― SANITATION PROCEDURE ] .  

 

We  [ AT VINEYARD ]  make our guests  [ … ]  WE STERILIZE THEIR SHOES .  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

So, we  [ AT VINEYARD ]  have a shoe guy, hates doing it, and he has to, like you know, clean up all the shoes when the guests come in, and stuff like that. 

 

So  [ … ]  but sometimes they sneak out in the rain, which you get a lot, and we  [ AT VINEYARD ]  had to just strip it off  [ THE PRACTICE GREEN ]  and re-sod this year. 

 

 

 

There is some « GOOD NEWS » from BETHPAGE. 

 

The DISASTER at BETHPAGE resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS, an invasive grass species that is highly susceptible to pests & requires the use of more pest control products. 

 

This resulted in the over-seeding & / or sodding of improved varieties of creeping bentgrass which were more resistant to pests than annual bluegrass. 

 

Regardless, the failure to perform to TRANSITION putting greens from ANNUAL BLUEGRASS to creeping bentgrass will occur, either BEFORE « ORGANIC » is implemented, or AFTER the inescapable « ORGANIC » DISASTER. 

 

Either way, ANNUAL BLUEGRASS will be ELIMINATED. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Explore The Following Selected Links   

 

 

ORGANIC FAILURE VINEYARD GC Annual Bluegrass — Disaster For Bethpage — Carlson — Audio Recording — 1.38-Minutes LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04//AnnualBlueGrassNotForOrganics%20of%20GTI%20Superintendent%20in%20Residence%20public%20lecture_0%20(6).mp3

 

 

ORGANIC FAILURE VINEYARD GC Medieval & Ineffective Practices Of Organic Pesticide-Free Maintenance LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2021/09/29/failure-of-organic-golf-course-vineyard-golf-club/

 

 

ORGANIC FAILURE Failures Of Organic Golf Courses LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2021/09/17/failures-of-organic-golf-courses-attack-statements-against-the-golf-industry-by-golf-com-medieval-ineffective-practices-of-organic-pesticide-free-maintenance-2021-07-29/

 

 

 

 

―――――――――――――――――

 

 

 

 

Background Information

 

Turf Species Transition

 

 

 

 

If Your Club Has To Adopt Organic

Pesticide-Free Maintenance, Or If You

Are Forced To Do It, Then You Have To

Analyze The Grasses Really Carefully

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Turf Species Transition

 

Eliminating Annual Bluegrass   

 

 

 

Converting To Organic Will Be A Disaster
Unless Turf Species Transition Is Performed

 

 

 

One of the most important « ORGANIC » golf maintenance protocols is TURF SPECIES TRANSITION  [ I.E. ELIMINATE ANNUAL BLUEGRASS ] . 

 

All « ORGANIC » golf courses must be expected to TRANSITION their putting greens from ANNUAL BLUEGRASS to creeping bentgrass.

 

Otherwise, « ORGANIC » maintenance will be a DISASTER on ANNUAL BLUEGRASS golf courses. 

 

Improved varieties of creeping bentgrass are more resistant to pests than annual bluegrass, an invasive grass species that is highly susceptible to pests & requires the use of more pest control products. 

 

ANNUAL BLUEGRASS is also more susceptible to abiotic disorders, such as winter injury & summer stress. 

 

It must be ELIMINATED, forever. 

 

 

 

« ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENT » Jeff Carlson, from Vineyard Golf Club, has described TURF SPECIES TRANSITION prior to the conversion to « ORGANIC » maintenance   

 

[ … ]   if you’ve got  50 PER CENT , or more, ANNUAL BLUEGRASS , then you’re going to have a  DISASTER  on your hands if you try to go into an « ORGANIC » management plan. 

 

If you don’t think so   [ … ]   BETHPAGE GREEN  [ GOLF COURSE ] . 

 

Talk to Frank Rossi  [ « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT » ]  and ask him how their « ORGANIC » management plan went the first year at BETHPAGE Green on greens 16, 17, and 18. 

 

They get 50,000 rounds a year. 

 

They’re all  ANNUAL BLUEGRASS , and  THEY GOT HIT REALLY HARD . 

 

So, you’ve got to know the grasses. 

 

If your club has to do it. 

 

 

[ I.E. ADOPT ORGANIC PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE ] 

 

 

If they’re forced to do it. 

 

Then you also have to  ANALYZE THE GRASSES REALLY CAREFULLY .

 

You may have to regress. 

 

You may have to say, look, we got to take these out, we got to sod, or we got to seed, or we got to do them over. 

 

 

[ I.E. RENOVATE OR REBUILD TO ACCOMPLISH TURF SPECIES TRANSITION ]

 

 

And that’s better to do that. 

 

 

 

In the New York State report entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM », TURF SPECIES TRANSITION at BETHPAGE is explained   

 

The cultural management practices at BETHPAGE State Park were designed to favor bentgrass over « POA »  [ I.E. ANNUAL BLUEGRASS ] . 

 

The pH of the soil was driven down using ammonium based fertilizers. 

 

No phosphorous was added. 

 

Over the span of the project, BENTGRASS POPULATIONS HAVE INCREASED. 

 

The reduction in « POA » population has REDUCED THE PEST INCIDENCE ON GREENS. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Explore The Following Selected Links   

 

 

VINEYARD GC Annual Bluegrass — Disaster For Organic — Carlson — Audio Recording — 1.38-Minutes LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04//AnnualBlueGrassNotForOrganics%20of%20GTI%20Superintendent%20in%20Residence%20public%20lecture_0%20(6).mp3

 

 

BETHPAGE GC Reducing Chemical Use On Golf Course Turf — Redefining IPM — New York State — Reference LINK

 

Reducing Chemical Use On Golf Course Turf — Redefining IPM

 

 

 

 

――――――――――――――――――

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

――――――――――――――――――

 

 

 

 

Bethpage State Park Green Golf Course

 

Environmental Impact Quotient
( EIQ )

 

 

 

 

Golf Courses Do Not Need
Additional Protection With EIQ

 

EIQ-Use Must Be Stopped, Forever

 

 

 

 

ACCORDING TO GOLF.COM    

 

Golf courses should view « ORGANIC » golf as the ultimate goal, but in the meantime there are plenty of steps they can take to incrementally REDUCE  [ I.E. SELF-PROHIBIT PESTICIDE USE ]  their RELIANCE  [ ?!?! ]  on synthetic pesticides.  

 

Like any other TRANSITION, the process should begin with an evaluation of a golf course’s current level of pesticide use to determine where IMPROVEMENTS  [ I.E. SELF-PROHIBITIONS ]  can be made.  

 

In 2021, Bekken and colleagues published a paper in Science of the Total Environment, named « A NOVEL FRAMEWORK FOR ESTIMATING AND ANALYZING PESTICIDE RISK ON GOLF COURSES »  [ A.K.A. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT ( EIQ ) ]. 

 

This report  [ WRITTEN BY ANTI-PESTICIDE ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS lays out a clear method of measuring the effect of pesticides; that can be a first step for any golf course that wants to REDUCE  [ I.E. SELF-PROHIBIT ]  their use. 

 

 

 

 

――――――――――――――――――

 

 

 

 

Background Information

 

EIQ Must Be Stopped

 

 

 

 

The Flawed & Misleading EIQ Is A

Highly-Biased Pesticide Evaluation

System To Measure The Relative Impact

Of Conventional Pest Control Products

On Human Health & The Environment

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

EIQ Must Be Stopped

 

Flawed & Misleading     

 

 

 

EIQ Is A Tool Designed To Validate The
Prohibition Against Conventional Pesticides

 

 

 

In today’s enviro-extremist era of « RESPONSIBLE GOLF MAINTENANCE » [ ?!?!?!?! ] , golf courses have been forced to adopt FLAWED & MISLEADING doctrines, such as « ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT » or « EIQ ». 

 

« ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » at Cornell University & University of Wisconsin-Madison concocted « EIQ » as a HIGHLY-BIASED pesticide evaluation system to MEASURE OF THE RELATIVE IMPACT of conventional pest control products on human health & the environment. 

 

Some of these « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS », like Frank Rossi, have operated at BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA. 

 

 

 

According to the New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » explains that BETHPAGE was the first project to implement the use of FLAWED & MISLEADING « EIQ » 

 

IPM reduces risk    [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

Beyond the concerns of regular pesticide use, the implementation of « IPM » is directed at the IMPROVEMENT IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY of the golf course. 

 

The first step in this process is through REDUCED RELIANCE ON CHEMICAL PESTICIDES and when possible, SELECTING PESTICIDES BASED ON REDUCED RISK. 

 

The BETHPAGE study was the FIRST PROJECT to implement the use of the « ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT » ( « EIQ » ) in a turfgrass system ( Kovach et al, 1992 ). 

 

 

 

A report entitled « EVALUATING THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECT OF PESTICIDES ― A CRITIQUE OF THE EIQ » explains that « EIQ » is FLAWED & MISLEADING 

 

However, FLAWS in both the formula and its conceptual underpinnings serve to make the information provided MISLEADING. 

 

Although Kovach et al provides a great deal of information and many interesting ideas, we recommend
that
« EIQ » presented there NOT BE USED AS A TOOL TO EVALUATE FIELD APPLICATIONS OF PESTICIDES. 

 

Further, CURRENT UNDERSTANDING OF PESTICIDES AND THEIR EFFECTS IS NOT SUFFICIENT TO ALLOW THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF A PESTICIDE TO BE CAPTURED BY A SINGLE NUMBER.

 

 

 

The « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » who concocted « EIQ » are also known to conspire to impose « PROHIBITION » against conventional pest control product that are desperately needed by the golf industry. 

 

Interestingly, these « ACTIVIST-SCIENTISTS » are PAID-FOR-PROFIT to consult at BETHPAGE by using a HIGHLY-BIASED pesticide evaluation system that they were PAID-FOR-PROFIT to concoct while imposing their « ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE » doctrines at BETHPAGE. 

 

« EIQ » is FLAWED & MISLEADING , & must NOT be used as a tool to evaluate pesticides. 

 

The current understanding of pesticides & their effects on the environment is NOT SUFFICIENT to allow the evaluation with a single number by using « EIQ » FIELD USE RATINGS. 

 

« EIQ » must NEVER be used as a tool to evaluate pesticides. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

EIQ Must Be Stopped

 

Failure     

 

 

 

It Is Unlikely That EIQ Can Be
Accurate To Evaluate Pesticides

 

 

 

« ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT » or « EIQ » is a FAILURE because of FALSE-ASSERTIONS concerning its supposed success. 

 

In fact, it is UNLIKELY that « EIQ » can be accurate to evaluate pesticides. 

 

However, « EIQ » is a tool designed to validate the « PROHIBITION » against conventional pest control product. 

 

 

 

According to a scientific article by Science 2.0 entitled « ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT ― WEAKNESSES AND A BETTER SOLUTION »   

 

So the « EIQ » is UNLIKELY TO BE AN ACCURATE ESTIMATE OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT of herbicides, and it is probably not much better at estimating the impact of other pesticide types. 

 

[ … ] 

 

Another recent criticism of the « EIQ » from Bob Peterson and Jerome Schleier shows the « EIQ » is NOT AN ACCURATE ESTIMATE OF INSECTICIDE RISK due to the way the risk factors are scaled. 

 

But for herbicides, there is even more concern that the « EIQ » may NOT ACCURATELY REFLECT RISK when compared to other types of pesticides. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

EIQ Must Be Stopped

 

False Allegations     

 

 

 

It Is Frightening That Bethpage Has

Served As A Terrible Template For Main-

Stream Golf Courses Based Upon Flawed

& Misleading Environmental Impact

Quotient To Validate The Ineffective

Practices Of Integrated Pest Management

 

 

 

The FALSE-ALLEGATION that « IPM WILL NOT REDUCE QUALITY » is promoted by « IPM-ACTIVISTS » with UNVERIFIABLE success stories about BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA. 

 

One example of FALSE-ALLEGATIONS concerning « EIQ » FIELD USE RATINGS as a measure, the ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT of « IPM »  [ ?!?! ]  & biologically-based REDUCED RISK MANAGEMENT  [ ?!?! ]  was 50 to 95 per cent less than the conventional management  [ ?!?!?!?! ] . 

 

The FLAWED & MISLEADING « ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT » or « EIQ » was introduced at BETHPAGE to compare the supposed ENVIRONMENTAL RISK  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  of conventional pest control products. 

 

« EIQ » ranks these products using a composite evaluation of toxicity & exposure factors to aide in the SELECTION OF PRODUCTS WITH THE LEAST ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT. 

 

What about the ECOLOGICAL CARNAGE created by « EIQ » & « IPM ».

 

The « PESTICIDE-FREE » version of « IPM », supported by FLAWED & MISLEADING « EIQ », has led to the CATASTROPHIC ECOLOGICAL CARNAGE at BETHPAGE. 

 

This « IPM » DISASTER at BETHPAGE resulted in the LARGE-SCALE-DEATH of ANNUAL BLUEGRASS. 

 

Overall, the supposedly more PROGRESSIVE  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  « PESTICIDE-FREE » version of « IPM » could NEVER control infestations of recurring pests         invasive weeds      destructive insects      harmful diseases. 

 

By « SELF-PROHIBITING » conventional pest control products, BETHPAGE was unable to provide HIGH-QUALITY PLAYING CONDITIONS & AESTHETICS. 

 

It is impossible to control infestations of recurring pests by using « PESTICIDE-FREE » ( a.k.a. « ORGANIC » ) maintenance practices that include INEFFECTIVE « IPM » & INFERIOR green alternatives. 

 

There should be NO « SELF-PROHIBITIONS » that are simply RECKLESS, ARBITRARY, & DOOMED-TO-FAIL. 

 

There is NO golf industry & NO regulatory oversight concerning the FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA concerning « IPM » & « EIQ ». 

 

There is NO neutral science-based research concerning « IPM » & « EIQ ». 

 

Without oversight & research, « IPM-ACTIVISTS » can say whatever they want, & they can LIE with impunity, especially about « IPM WILL NOT REDUCE QUALITY ». 

 

« EIQ » must NEVER be used as a tool to evaluate pesticides. 

 

Main-stream golf course superintendents DO NOT need this FALSE-IPM-ALLEGATION nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

EIQ Must Be Stopped

 

Supposed Success     

 

 

 

Main-Stream Superintendent Can Responsibly
Use Pesticides Without This EIQ Nonsense

 

 

 

Observers believe that it is FRIGHTENING that BETHPAGE has served as a TERRIBLE TEMPLATE for main-stream golf courses based upon FLAWED & MISLEADING « ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT » or « EIQ » to validate the INEFFECTIVE practices of « INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT ». 

 

BETHPAGE is a FAILURE because of FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA concerning its SUPPOSED SUCCESS. 

 

 

 

The New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM » promotes BETHPAGE’s supposed « IPM » maintenance with UNVERIFIABLE & UNSCIENTIFIC stories ― 

 

« IPM » has many documented SUCCESS STORIES  [ ?!?! ]  in agriculture and within the golf industry.  [ ?!?! ]   

 

No study underlines the POTENTIAL SUCCESS  [ ?!?! ]  as well as the nine year project on the Green Course at BETHPAGE State Park designed to assess various approaches to REDUCING PESTICIDE USE  [ ?!?! ]  ( Rossi and Grant, 2008 ).  [ ?!?! ]   

 

The study showed that IPM and BIOLOGICALLY-BASED strategies using ALTERNATIVE CULTURAL PRACTICES  [ ?!?! ]  REDUCED THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT  [ ?!?! ]  by 50-95 per cent while maintaining acceptable turfgrass quality and meeting golfer satisfaction.  [ ?!?! ]     

 

 

 

Without oversight & research, « IPM-ACTIVISTS » at BETHPAGE can say whatever they want, & they can LIE with impunity, especially about the so-called successes of « IPM ». 

 

The FALSE-ALLEGATION that « IPM WILL NOT REDUCE QUALITY » is promoted by « IPM-ACTIVISTS » with UNVERIFIABLE success stories. 

 

In reality, main-stream superintendents can be successful when they follow the PROTOCOLS & PERFORMANCE STANDARDS for SCIENCE-BASED & TIME-TESTED & CORRECT maintenance practices. 

 

The main-stream superintendent can RESPONSIBLY USE PESTICIDES without this « EIQ » nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

EIQ Must Be Stopped

 

Propaganda     

 

 

 

Without Oversight & Research, IPM-Activists
Can Say Whatever They Want, & They
Can Lie With Impunity, Especially About
IPM Not Reducing Turfgrass Quality

 

It Is Common Knowledge That The IPM
Disaster At Bethpage Resulted In The
Large-Scale-Death Of Annual Bluegrass

 

 

 

According to the New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM », the FALSE-ALLEGATIONS about « ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT » or « EIQ » at BETHPAGE are presented   

 

New concepts and tools are provided to forecast potential pest problems, correctly identify signs and symptoms, and to promote the cultural or environmental conditions that affect pest problems. 

 

The focus is on encouraging practices that improve growing conditions, and practices that aide in pest prevention. 

 

INTERVENTION USING PESTICIDES  [ I.E. THE USE OF PESTICIDES WITH IMPUNITY AT BETHPAGE ]  is sanctioned in this guide when conditions such as weather, current infestation levels, and site history coincide to predict loss of turfgrass cover or playability. 

 

The « EIQ » is promoted as a CRITICAL TOOL FOR PESTICIDE SELECTION  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  to be used in addition to the manager’s knowledge of effectiveness and cost.

 

[ … ] 

 

The « ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT » ( EIQ ) was introduced during the study to compare the ENVIRONMENTAL RISK  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  of the various pest management systems. 

 

The « EIQ » ranks pesticides using a composite evaluation of toxicity and exposure factors to aide in the selection of products with the least environmental impact. 

 

Using  [ FLAWED & MISLEADING ]  « EIQ » FIELD USE RATINGS as a measure, the ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT of « IPM »  [ ?!?! ]  and biologically based REDUCED RISK MANAGEMENT  [ ?!?! ]  was 50 to 95 per cent less than the conventional management  [ ?!?!?!?! ] . 

 

In addition, during the nine years of the project, THE QUALITY OF THE IPM MANAGED AREAS HAS EQUALED THAT OF CONVENTIONAL PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

 

[ WITHOUT OVERSIGHT & RESEARCH, IPM-ACTIVISTS CAN SAY WHATEVER THEY WANT, & THEY CAN LIE WITH IMPUNITY, ESPECIALLY ABOUT « IPM WILL NOT REDUCE QUALITY »    IT IS COMMON KNOWLEDGE THAT THE IPM DISASTER AT BETHPAGE RESULTED IN THE LARGE-SCALE-DEATH OF ANNUAL BLUEGRASS ] 

 

 

In addition, annual satisfaction surveys have shown that golfers DO NOT PERCEIVE A DIFFERENCE IN QUALITY of the « IPM » managed putting greens.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

 

 

According to PROPAGANDA reported by Science 2.0 entitled « ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT ― WEAKNESSES AND A BETTER SOLUTION »   

 

The « EIQ » originated with a research group from Cornell ( Kovach et al ) with a goal of developing a simple metric to QUANTIFY THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF PESTICIDES. 

 

The reasoning behind the  [ FLAWED & MISLEADING ]  « EIQ » is described in the original paper   

 

Because of the EPA pesticide registration process, there is a WEALTH OF TOXICOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT DATA FOR MOST PESTICIDES that are commonly used in agricultural systems. 

 

However, these data are NOT READILY AVAILABLE OR ORGANIZED  [ FALSE ! ]  in a manner that is usable to the  « IPM » practitioner.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

Therefore, the purpose of this bulletin is to ORGANIZE THE PUBLISHED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT INFORMATION OF PESTICIDES INTO A USABLE FORM  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  to help growers and other « IPM » practitioners make more ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND PESTICIDE CHOICES  [ ?!?!?!?! ] . 

 

This bulletin presents a METHOD TO CALCULATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT of most common fruit and vegetable pesticides ( insecticides, acaricides, fungicides and herbicides ) used in commercial agriculture. 

 

The values obtained from these calculations can be used to COMPARE DIFFERENT PESTICIDES and pest management programs to ultimately determine which program or pesticide is likely to have the LOWER ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  . 

 

 

 

According to the New York State PROPAGANDA entitled « REDUCING CHEMICAL USE ON GOLF COURSE TURF ― REDEFINING IPM », IPM WILL NOT REDUCE QUALITY [ ?!?!?!?! ] , without citing any valid scientific references   

 

IPM does not require acceptance of a REDUCTION IN QUALITY of the playing surfaces.  [ ?!?!?!?! ]   

 

In fact, many definitions of IPM include a reference to adjusting practices so there is NO REDUCTION IN QUALITY  [ ?!?!?!?!?!?! ]  ( Bajwa and Kogan 2002 ). 

 

 

[ THIS ALLEGATION IS FALSE SINCE THE REFERENCE IS NOT AN ACTUAL TURFGRASS RESEARCH STUDY ] 

 

 

The BETHPAGE study showed that once the putting surfaces STABILIZED  [ I.E. STOPPED BEING DESTROYED BY IPM ]  following implementation of REDUCED RISK PROGRAMS, playing conditions, as measured by visual quality and ball roll, almost always met golfer satisfaction.  [ ?!?!?!?! ]   

 

 

[ ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE  MAINTENANCE HAS BEEN A DISASTER AT BETHPAGE BECAUSE OF ITS FAILURE TO PERFORM TURF SPECIES TRANSITION ] 

 

 

As strategies have been implemented on tees and fairways, there have been similar performance responses.  [ ?!?!?!?! ]   

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

EIQ Must Be Stopped

 

Facts     

 

 

 

EIQ Must Never Be Used As
A Tool To Evaluate Pesticides

 

 

 

« ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT QUOTIENT » or « EIQ » must NEVER be used as a tool to evaluate pesticides. 

 

The « EIQ » is actually LOWER for many conventional products than it is for many other mundane household items & « NATURAL » pest control product alternatives. 

 

For example, the « EIQ » for SOAP is HIGHER than the « EIQ » for 2,4-D HERBICIDE. 

 

« ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » at Cornell University & University of Wisconsin-Madison concocted « EIQ » as a HIGHLY-BIASED, FLAWED, & MISLEADING FIELD USE RATINGS to MEASURE OF THE RELATIVE IMPACT of conventional pest control products on human health & the environment. 

 

The « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » who concocted « EIQ » are also known to conspire to impose « PROHIBITION » against conventional pest control products that are desperately needed by the golf industry. 

 

Interestingly, these « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » are PAID-FOR-PROFIT to consult at BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA, by using a HIGHLY-BIASED « EIQ » FIELD USE RATINGS that they were PAID-FOR-PROFIT to concoct while imposing their « ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE » doctrines at BETHPAGE. 

 

Golf courses DO NOT need additional « PROTECTION » with « EIQ ». 

 

Human health & the environment are already PROTECTED by both Health Canada & US Environmental Protection Agency ( US EPA ). 

 

These national regulatory agencies, & NOT the « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » who concocted « EIQ », have the ESSENTIAL EXPERTISE & ULTIMATE CREDIBILITY on pest control products. 

 

These products may only be registered for use after REAL expert-scientists at Health Canada & US EPA have confirmed that they WILL NOT HARM human health & the environment. 

 

The « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » who concocted « EIQ » have conveniently considered the hundreds of REAL expert-scientists of Health Canada & US EPA to be incompetent & / or incapable of arriving at correct scientific conclusions concerning NOHARM pesticides. 

 

Main-stream golf course superintendents DO NOT need this « EIQ » nonsense which must NEVER be used as a tool to evaluate pesticides. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Explore The Following Selected Links   

 

 

EIQ The Fraser Institute LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/the-wisdom-of-the-fraser-institute/

 

 

EIQ Evaluating The Environmental Effect Of Pesticides — A Critique Of The EIQ — Reference  LINK

 

Evaluating The Environmental Effect Of Pesticides — A Critique Of The EIQ — Dushoff et al — American Entomologist

 

 

EIQ Environmental Impact Quotient — Weaknesses & A Better Solution — Reference  LINK

 

Environmental Impact Quotient — Weaknesses & A Better Solution

 

 

EIQ 2,4-D — Pesticides With Same Risks As Pickles — The Fraser Institute — Gabler & Wood — Reference LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Reference-24-D-2011-08-11-Pesticides-With-Same-Risks-As-Pickles-The-Fraser-Institute-Gabler-Wood.pdf

 

 

EIQ 2,4-D — Pickles May Be Hazardous To Your Health — The Fraser Institute — Gabler & Wood — Reference LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Reference-24-D-2011-08-10-Pickles-May-Be-Hazardous-To-Your-Health-The-Fraser-Institute-Gabler-Wood.pdf

 

 

HEALTH CANADA Health-Related Video Gallery LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2019/08/29/health-canadas-health-related-videos-transcripts-the-safety-of-pest-control-products-2019-08-15-2019-04-12/

 

 

 

 

――――――――――――――――――

 

 

 

 

Background Information

 

Inferior Alternatives

 

 

 

 

Green Alternative Pesticides, Like Civitas,
Are Not Organic, But They Are Inferior,
Ineffective, & Require Massively High Repeat
Applications Since They Suppress, & Do
Not Control, Damaging Pests Of Turf

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Overview & Background Information

 

Green Alternatives     

 

 

 

Main-Stream Superintendents Do
Not Need Additional Protection By
Imposing Green Alternative Nonsense

 

 

 

There is no such thing as non-toxic & effective alternatives to conventional pest control products. 

 

According to field experience & anecdotal evidence, as well as university studies, « GREEN ALTERNATIVE PESTICIDES » are NOT equivalent alternatives & NOT safer when compared to conventional products. 

 

Overall, practices that rely on « GREEN ALTERNATIVE PESTICIDES » will NOT be able to provide HIGH-QUALITY PAYING CONDITIONS & AESTHETICS. 

 

It is IMPOSSIBLE for main-stream superintendents to protect their golf courses from damaging pests by relying on « GREEN ALTERNATIVE PESTICIDES » which are HIGHER-RISK & INEFFECTIVE & INFERIOR, with questionably higher toxicity & with higher environmental risks. 

 

In some cases, « GREEN ALTERNATIVE PESTICIDES » may be considered as unsafe as using Agent Orange, DDT, & other banned products. 

 

Many « GREEN ALTERNATIVE PESTICIDES » are NOT federally registered & are NOT proven to be scientifically safe. 

 

In many cases, « GREEN ALTERNATIVE PESTICIDES » should NOT be allowed anywhere near children. 

 

Government regulations, who arbitrarily prohibit conventional products but NOT « GREEN ALTERNATIVE PESTICIDES », will NOT stop the public from realizing that a large quantity of deliberate mis-information is being spread by officials. 

 

Main-stream superintendents DO NOT need additional « PROTECTION » by imposing « GREEN ALTERNATIVE » nonsense. 

 

Human health & the environment are already PROTECTED by both Health Canada & US Environmental Protection Agency ( US EPA ). 

 

These national regulatory agencies, & NOT « GREEN ALTERNATIVE » users, have the ESSENTIAL EXPERTISE & ULTIMATE CREDIBILITY on pest control products. 

 

Risk assessments are performed by REAL expert-scientists at Health Canada & US EPA to ensure that these products CAN BE USED SAFELY, & that human health & the environment WILL BE PROTECTED. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Inferior Alternatives

 

Inferior Civitas     

 

 

 

Civitas Is An Inferior Green

Alternative Pesticide That Requires

Massively High Repeat Applications

Since It Suppresses, & Does Not

Control, Damaging Diseases Of Turf

 

 

 

According to PROPAGANDA written by « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT » Frank Rossi entitled « DEVELOPING ORGANIC GOLF TURF MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS FOR MUNICIPAL GOLF COURSES »   

 

 

We have seen widespread increase in use of programs and products developed in this [ BETHPAGE ] project such as [ INEFFECTIVE ] CIVITAS ( an OMRI certified fungicide ) and Converted Organics ( food waste compost based fertilizer ) . 

 

 

[ ROSSI ACTS AS A MERE SALES REPRESENTATIVE FOR BOGUS & INEFFECTIVE GREEN ALTERNATIVES LIKE CIVITAS FUNGICIDE ] 

 

 

 

« ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » complain of the MASSIVELY HIGH APPLICATIONS of INFERIOR « GREEN ALTERNATIVE PESTICIDES », such as Civitas. 

 

This is not surprising ! 

 

This is a classic example of INFERIOR « GREEN ALTERNATIVE PESTICIDES » that are INEFFECTIVE & require MASSIVELY HIGH REPEAT APPLICATIONS since they SUPPRESS, & DO NOT CONTROL, damaging pests of turf. 

 

 

 

According to Health Canada   

 

Civitas Fungicide for Golf Course Turf is a non-conventional fungicide that SUPPRESSES diseases on golf course turf. 

 

[ IT MAY ] control dollar spot and SUPPRESS spring leaf spot and pink and grey snow mould  [ sic ]  on golf courses, including fairways, greens, roughs, and tees. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Inferior Alternatives

 

Organic Civitas ?     

 

 

 

Any Use Of The Term Organic Is

Extremely Harmful To The Golf Industry

 

 

 

Civitas is NOT an « ORGANIC » product ! 

 

At best, it may be considered as an ecological product. 

 

« ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » exploit the term « ORGANIC » as a means of persuading everyone that his maintenance practices are somehow safer than the rest of the industry.   [ ?!?!?!?! ]  

 

The use of the term « ORGANIC » also implies that conventional non-organic products are less safe    which is FALSE ! 

 

Any use of the term « ORGANIC » is extremely harmful to the golf industry. 

 

It is pesticide-hating PROPAGANDA that is simply designed to alarm & enrage the public, & that attempts to validate the lie & the myth that conventional pest control products are somehow harmful to human health & the environment. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Inferior Alternatives

 

Suppression Only     

 

 

 

No Main-Stream Superintendent Needs
To Manage Turf Diseases With Civitas

 

 

 

Interestingly, according to the manufacturer, INFERIOR Civitas is a disease control product that is supposed to require LESS INPUT & NOT MASSIVELY HIGH APPLICATIONS  [ ?!?!?!?! ]   

 

Civitas is professional turf protection that uses FEWER INPUTS  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  to create unparalleled turf conditions. 

 

With Civitas, turf managers cultivate more desirable turf using active ingredients MORE EFFICIENTLY.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

 

 

Not surprisingly, but for some unfathomable reason, « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » have decided to use INEFFECTIVE Civitas, a fungicide that merely SUPPRESSES diseases like Microdochium Patch. 

 

Microdochium Patch ( a.k.a. Pink Snow Mold or Fusarium Patch ) is the MOST PREVALENT DISEASE of golf course turf.   

 

 

 

The term SUPPRESSION means … 

 

   The product will control NO MORE THAN FIFTY TO SIXTY-FIVE PER CENT of the damaging pest population, which is NOT ACCEPTABLE. 

 

   In many cases, SUPPRESSION will provide TOTALLY INEFFECTIVE CONTROL, with levels AS LOW AS TWENTY-FIVE TO FORTY PER CENT. 

 

 

 

« GREEN ALTERNATIVE PESTICIDES », like INFERIOR Civitas, are NOT viable, NOT efficacious, & NOT economical, & CANNOT replace conventional disease control products. 

 

They are DISMAL FAILURES. 

 

Main-stream golf course superintendents DO NOT need this INFERIOR Civitas nonsense. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Overview & Background Information

 

No Effective Products     

 

 

 

Civitas Cannot Replace Conventional
Disease Control Products

 

 

 

« ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » have been under the MISTAKEN IMPRESSION that there exists a vast array of biological-natural-ecological products, like Civitas, for CONTROLLING  [ ?!?!?!?! ]  turf diseases like Microdochium Patch. 

 

They are WRONG !  There are NONE ! 

 

Under the best of conditions, these products still DO NOT PROVIDE ACCEPTABLE CONTROL to properly maintain high-quality playing conditions & aesthetics for paying-golfers. 

 

They SUPPRESS & DO NOT CONTROL. 

 

Observers are dismayed that the « ACTIVIST-SUPERINTENDENTS » adopt & spread pesticide lies & myths that are anti-golf-industry. 

 

They seem to prefer espousing politically-correct environmental-rubbish rather than properly maintain high-quality playing conditions & aesthetics for paying golfers. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Explore The Following Selected Links   

 

 

ACTIVIST SUPERINTENDENTS & MANAGERS Lying Sacks Of Crжp Who Betray The Golf IndustrySunshine Coast, British Columbia LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/03/09/lying-sacks-of-cr%d0%b6p-who-betray-the-golf-industry-lunat%d0%b6c-activist-superintendents-managers-on-the-sunshine-coast-in-british-columbia-2018-02-22/

 

 

BETHPAGE GC Developing Organic Golf Turf Management Programs For Municipal Golf Courses — Rossi LINK

 

Developing Organic Golf Turf Management Programs For Municipal Golf Courses

 

 

CIVITAS Approved Pesticide Product Label — Highlighted LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Label-Civitas-Fungicide-For-Golf-Course-Turf-2010-12-20-HIGHLIGHTED.pdf

 

 

CIVITAS An Introduction To Lawncare & Agriculture Products — Page 11 LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Slide-Show-Pesticides-Introduction-To-Lawn-Care-Agricultural-Products-Suncor-2014-01-30.pdf

 

 

CIVITAS Health Canada Registration Decision — Highlighted LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Health-Canada-Civitas-2011-06-04-Registration-Decision-RD2011-10-Mineral-Oil-HIGHLIGHTED.pdf

 

 

GREEN ALTERNATIVES Bogus & Dismal Failures LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/green-alternatives-bogus-dismal-failures/

 

 

GREEN ALTERNATIVES Failures In Salmon Arm BC LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/12/08/other-methods-tried-unsuccessfully-alternative-pesticide-ban-failure/

 

 

GREEN ALTERNATIVES What Is Green Chemistry ? — By Definition, Alternatives Are Inferior LINKS

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Force-Of-Nature-Green-Alternatives-2012-12-04-What-Is-Green-Chemistry-Alternatives-Inferior-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2012/12/06/green-alternatives-what-is-green-chemistry-by-definition-alternatives-are-inferior-2012-12-04/

 

 

 

 

――――――――――――――――――

 

 

 

 

Background Information

 

Conclusions

 

 

 

If The Bethpage Green Course
Is So Successful, Then Why Aren’t
The Four Other Bethpage Courses
Practicing Organic Maintenance

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Conclusions

 

Credibility Shattered     

 

 

 

There Are More Important Critical
Issues Than Pesticide-Free Programs

 

 

 

Bethpage has become nothing more than virtue signaling for anti-pesticide extremists. 

 

Bethpage’s credibility as an organic golf course has been shattered. 

 

Bethpage’s virtue signaling can only be thought of as a form of moral grand-standing, in which the organic viewpoint is made to look good, thereby making anti-pesticide extremists & their false-allegations appear virtuous to the public, rather than being chosen because of being honest. 

 

Extremists have been unrestrained with their false-allegations since there is no industry, no regulatory, & no oversight concerning any of his falsely-allegations. 

 

Without oversight & research, extremists at Bethpage can say whatever they want, & they can lie with impunity, especially about the supposed successes of their pesticide-free program. 

 

In essence, they can say whatever they want, & they can lie with impunity, especially about Bethpage’s flagrant use of pesticides. 

 

The false-allegations about Bethpage have served as a template for golf-hating extremists’ false-allegations that See I Told You Organic Works.  [ ?!?!?!?! ] 

 

Too often, over-worked & under-paid main-stream superintendents are now expected to adopt a pesticide-free program. 

 

And, they are also expected to satisfy paying-customers who want golf courses with high-quality playing conditions & aesthetics provided by greener, thicker, pest-free, & manicured turf conditions. 

 

This does not seem fair in view of the fact that there is NO proof of harm to human health & the environment by golf course products. 

 

There are more important critical issues that the golf superintendent must address    now !   https://wp.me/P1jq40-4FC  

 

Forget about pesticide-free programs. 

 

The golf industry’s superintendents must recognize that they are on a collision course with the looming shipwreck of golf-hating & anti-pesticide terrжism ! 

 

Superintendents face some huge challenges because of their high degree of vulnerability concerning several public affairs issues. 

 

In order to successfully deter the malicious efforts of all fanatжcal golf-hating anti-pesticide terrжrists, the golf industry must immediately address several critical issues.   https://wp.me/P1jq40-4FC 

 

Let’s worry about REAL issues that will harm superintendents. 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Conclusions

 

At Bethpage State Park Green Golf Course      

 

 

   Pesticides continue to be allowed on the golf course    Bethpage uses pesticides with impunity. 

 

   Pesticide-free program was not feasible & was abandoned. 

 

   Organic practices have been a failure    Bethpage is fake-organic. 

 

   Hybrid pesticide use was adopted, which includes the regular use of conventional pest control products, when it suits Bethpage’s purposes. 

 

   Prohibition was self-imposed recklessly & arbitrarily against conventional pest control products    as a result, Bethpage faced disaster. 

 

   Disaster with large-scale-death of annual bluegrass occurred because of pesticide-free program. 

 

   Allegations about See I Told You Organic Works have been recognized as false    Bethpage is fake-organic. 

 

   Bethpage State Park actually features FIVE 18-hole regulation golf courses including the world-renowned Black Course which was the site of two US Open Championships    if organic at Bethpage Green Course is so successful, then why aren’t the FOUR other Bethpage courses practicing organic maintenance as well ?!?? 

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Conclusions

 

The Main-Stream Golf Course Superintendent      

 

 

   Can responsibly use pesticides. 

 

   Does not need to imitate the failures of Bethpage State Park Green Golf Course. 

 

   Does not need failed organic & pesticide-free maintenance practices. 

 

   Does not need ineffective Integrated Pest Management or IPM. 

 

   Does not need inferior green alternative pesticides like Civitas. 

 

   Does not need to minimize inputs. 

 

   Does not need flawed & misleading Environmental Impact Quotient or EIQ. 

 

   Does not need activist-consultants & their false-allegations & propaganda. 

 

   Does not need virtue signaling with Bethpage. 

 

   Does need to satisfy paying-customers who want golf courses with high-quality playing conditions & aesthetics provided by greener, thicker, pest-free, & manicured turf conditions. 

 

   Can be successful when following the protocols & performance standards for science-based & time-tested & correct maintenance practices. 

 

   Cannot use Bethpage practices which have served as a terrible template concerning the ineffective practices of Integrated Pest Management.

 

 

 

 

——————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

Conclusions

 

Rossi Interference     

 

 

 

Why Isn’t Activist-Consultant Frank

Rossi Defending The Golf Industry

Instead Of Interfering In Golf Industry

Policy Which Will Inevitably Destroy

Golf Facility Businesses ?!?!

 

 

 

Frank Rossi is a government-official at Cornell University who has operated as an « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT » at BETHPAGE State Park Green Golf Course, in New York State, USA. 

 

He has FALSELY-ALLEGED that BETHPAGE is the ONLY « ORGANIC » golf course in America. 

 

This is RIDICULOUS & WRONG    Rossi is a LYING SACK OF CRЖP. 

 

There is ONLY ONE « ORGANIC », as well as « PESTICIDE-FREE », golf course in America    & it is NOT BETHPAGE. 

 

Moreover, Rossi spreads FALSE-ALLEGATIONS that « ORGANIC » maintenance is somehow a success with UNVERIFIABLE & UNSCIENTIFIC stories. 

 

Additionally, BETHPAGE State Park actually features FIVE 18-hole regulation golf courses including the world-renowned Black Course which was the site of two United States Open Championships. 

 

If the BETHPAGE Green Course is so successful, then why aren’t the FOUR other BETHPAGE courses practicing « ORGANIC » maintenance as well. 

 

Additionally, Rossi has prominently CONSPIRED to impose RECKLESS & ARBITRARY « PROHIBITION » ( a.k.a. « REDUCE RELIANCE » ) against conventional pest control products in the urban landscape. 

 

Rossi even conspired to self-impose « PROHIBITION » at BETHPAGE. 

 

Why isn’t Rossi defending the golf industry instead of INTERFERING in golf industry policy which will inevitably DESTROY golf facility businesses ?!?! 

 

Rossi should be DEFYING the FALSE PUBLIC PERCEPTION that pest control products are somehow harming human health & the environment. 

 

Directly or indirectly, the golf industry pays Rossi who, for all intents & purposes, CONCOCTS ANTI-GOLF DOCTRINES that are radical, ineffective, harmful, expensive, & time-consuming. 

 

« ACTIVIST-CONSULTANTS » like Frank Rossi represent the GREATEST THREAT to the modern golf industry since they are EXPLOITING BETHPAGE to serve as a TERRIBLE TEMPLATE for main-stream golf courses based upon FALSE-ALLEGATIONS & PROPAGANDA concerning the INEFFECTIVE « ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE » maintenance. 

 

 

 

According to PROPAGANDA written by « ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT » Frank Rossi entitled « DEVELOPING ORGANIC GOLF TURF MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS FOR MUNICIPAL GOLF COURSES »   

 

 

This [ BETHPAGE ] project has resulted in a redefining of integrated pest management programs for golf turf that includes the use of EFFECTIVE ORGANIC TECHNOLOGY  [ ?!?!?!?! ] . 

 

 

[ THERE IS NO SUCCESSFUL & EFFECTIVE ORGANIC TECHNOLOGY   ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE HAS BEEN A DISASTER AT BETHPAGE RESULTING IN THE LARGE-SCALE-DEATH OF ANNUAL BLUEGRASS ]

 

 

We have seen widespread increase in use of programs and products developed in this [ BETHPAGE ] project such as [ INFERIOR ] CIVITAS ( an OMRI certified fungicide ) and Converted Organics ( food waste compost based fertilizer ) . 

 

 

[ ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT FRANK ROSSI ACTS AS A MERE SALES REPRESENTATIVE FOR BOGUS & INFERIOR GREEN ALTERNATIVES LIKE CIVITAS FUNGICIDE ] 

 

 

The use of these products and programs has resulted in more than a 30% decrease in fertilizer use at the facilities that have fully embraced this program. 

 

 

[ STRANGELY, MOST OF THE DOCTRINES OF ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE BEEN DERIVED FROM THE WORK OF A SINGLE PERSON, FRANK ROSSI, ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT & GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL AT CORNELL UNIVERSITY ] 

 

 

[ … ] 

 

 

THE PUBLIC IS  DEEPLY CONCERNED about the effect of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides used for golf turf management on environmental quality and human health. 

 

 

[ FRANK ROSSI IS AN ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT & GOVERNMENT-OFFICIAL AT CORNELL UNIVERSITY WHO EXPLOTS THE PUBLIC CONCERN ABOUT PESTICIDES    WHY ISN’T ROSSI DEFENDING THE INDUSTRY ?!?!   DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY, THE GOLF INDUSTRY PAYS ROSSI WHO, FOR ALL INTENTS & PURPOSES, COMES UP WITH ANTI-GOLF PRACTICES THAT ARE RADICAL, INEFFECTIVE, HARMFUL, EXPENSIVE, & TIME-CONSUMING ] 

 

 

We have been attempting to address this issue by conducting a project at the Bethpage State Park to REDUCE RELIANCE on chemical pesticides and thereby enhance ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY  [ WITH HIS HIGHLY-BIASED, FLAWED, & MISLEADING EIQ FIELD USE RATINGS ] . 

 

 

[ ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT FRANK ROSSI, WHO CONCOCTED EIQ, IS ALSO KNOWN TO CONSPIRE TO IMPOSE PROHIBITION ( A.K.A. REDUCE RELIANCE ) AGAINST CONVENTIONAL PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS THAT ARE DESPERATELY NEEDED BY THE GOLF INDUSTRY ]

 

 

The [ BETHPAGE ] project has been underway since 2000. 

 

Currently, Governor Patterson’s administration is working on a BAN OF ALL PESTICIDES ON STATE MANAGED LAND.

 

 

[ FRANK ROSSI WAS RIDICULOUSLY PART OF THE CONSPIRACY TO SELF-IMPOSE PROHIBITION AGAINST CONVENTIONAL PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS AT BETHPAGE ] 

 

 

However, the knowledge and tools to implement such policies, especially a MORE ORGANIC APPROACH, are NOT CURRENTLY AVAILABLE to golf turf managers. 

 

 

[ FRANK ROSSI KNOWS FULL WELL THAT ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE PRACTICES ARE NOT CURRENTLY AVAILABLE BECAUSE THEY ARE CONSIDERED AS FAILURES ] 

 

 

[ … ] 

 

 

Therefore, additional research to assess EMERGING ORGANIC TECHNOLOGIES for golf courses and a comprehensive operations manual for implementation are needed. 

 

 

[ THE GOLF INDUSTRY MUST NOT READILY EMBRACE THE FALSE-ALLEGATIONS OF ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT FRANK ROSSI & HIS COSTLY, FAILED, MEDIEVAL, INEFFECTIVE, & UNFEASIBLE EMERGING ORGANIC TECHNOLOGIES A.K.A. DOCTRINES OF ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE ]

 

 

This [ BETHPAGE ] project will build on the existing success and visibility of our efforts at Bethpage to further assess ORGANIC TECHNOLOGIES and download the knowledge we have developed by WORKING ON AN OPERATING GOLF COURSE. 

 

 

[ IT IS FRIGHTENING THAT FRANK ROSSI IS FALSELY-EXPLOITING BETHPAGE TO SERVE AS A TERRIBLE TEMPLATE FOR MAIN-STREAM GOLF  COURSES BASED UPON FALSE-ALLEGATIONS CONCERNING THE INEFFECTIVE ORGANIC TECHNOLOGIES A.K.A.ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE ] 

 

 

This download and synthesis will allow us to develop an operations manual. 

 

The operations manual will include proven and emerging technology and practices necessary for implementing an organic approach. 

 

A portion of this [ BETHPAGE ] project will assess the effectiveness of the operations manual in ENCOURAGING ADOPTING OF ORGANIC PRACTICES. 

 

 

[ BY ENCOURAGING THE ADOPTION OF ORGANIC PRACTICES, ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT FRANK ROSSI HAS BEEN INTERFERING IN GOLF INDUSTRY POLICY WHICH WILL INEVITABLY DESTROY GOLF FACILITY BUSINESSES ] 

 

 

In addition, this [ BETHPAGE ] project will ENGAGE Community IPM and county based Extension FACULTY as well as FACULTY from SUNY schools for the research and extension. 

 

 

[ FRANK ROSSI HAS BEEN ATTEMPTING TO ENGAGE, COERCE, & INTIMIDATE THE GOLF INDUSTRY’S RESEARCHERS & EDUCATORS INTO BEING DELUDED THAT ORGANIC MAINTENANCE SHOULD BE ADOPTED BY THE GOLF INDUSTRY ] 

 

 

This highly integrated effort building on the established visibility and SUCCESS   [ ?!?!?!?! ]  of the BETHPAGE project insures this project has an excellent chance of having a WIDE-SPREAD IMPACT. 

 

 

[ ACTIVIST-CONSULTANT FRANK ROSSI HAS EXPRESSED HOPE THAT BETHPAGE WILL INSURE AN EXCELLENT CHANCE OF HAVING A WIDE-SPREAD IMPACT   ROSSI REPRESENTS THE GREATEST THREAT TO THE MODERN GOLF INDUSTRY SINCE HE IS EXPLOITING BETHPAGE TO SERVE AS A TERRIBLE TEMPLATE FOR MAIN-STREAM GOLF COURSES BASED UPON FALSE-ALLEGATIONS OF SUCCESS CONCERNING THE INEFFECTIVE ORGANIC & PESTICIDE-FREE MAINTENANCE ] 

 

 

 

 

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Overview & Background Information

 

IPM Failure World-Wide     

 

 

 

IPM Has Overall Been Unsuccessful In
The Reduction Of Synthetic Pesticide Use

 

 

 

According to a report entitled « STOP TOXIC PESTICIDE USE ― A REVIEW »     

 

Integrated Pest Management ( IPM ) is a 60-year-old approach to agricultural practice that, when first conceived and implemented, had among its goals a significant REDUCTION OF SYNTHETIC PESTICIDE USE, and the health, environmental, and eco-systemic benefits that would flow from that. 

 

However, as a study published in 2021 concluded, IPM has overall been UNSUCCESSFUL in achieving those goals. 

 

 

 

According to a review entitled « GOOD INTENTIONS, HARD REALITIES ― A REVIEW »    ABSTRACT 

 

Integrated Pest Management ( IPM ) provides an illustration of how crop protection has ( or has not ) evolved over the past six decades. 

 

Throughout this period, IPM has endeavored to promote sustainable forms of agriculture, pursued sharp reductions in synthetic pesticide use, and thereby resolved myriad socio-economic, environmental, and human health challenges. 

 

GLOBAL PESTICIDE USE has, however, largely continued UNABATED, with negative implications  [ ?!?? ]  for farmer livelihoods, biodiversity conservation, and the human right to food. 

 

In this review, we examine how IPM has developed over time and assess whether this concept remains suited to present-day challenges. 

 

We believe that despite many good intentions, hard realities need to be faced. 

 

1)   We identify the following major weaknesses   

 

i)    a MULTITUDE OF IPM DEFINITIONS that generate UNNECESSARY CONFUSION; 

 

ii)   INCONSISTENCIES between IPM concepts, practice, and policies; 

 

iii)   insufficient engagement of farmers in IPM technology development and frequent LACK OF BASIC UNDERSTANDING of its underlying ecological concepts. 

 

2)   By diverting from the fundamental IPM principles, integration of practices has proceeded along SERENDIPITOUS routes, PROVEN INEFFECTIVE, and yielded UNACCEPTABLE OUTCOMES. 

 

3)   We show that in the majority of cases, chemical control still remains the basis of plant health programs. 

 

4)   Furthermore, IPM research is often LAGGING, tends to be MISGUIDED, and pays INSUFFICIENT ATTENTION to ecology and to the ecological functioning of agroecosystems. 

 

5)   Since the 1960s, IPM rules have been TWISTED, its foundational concepts have DEGRADED and its serious ( farm-level ) implementation has NOT ADVANCED. 

 

To remedy this, we are proposing Agroecological Crop Protection as a concept that captures how agroecology can be optimally put to the service of crop protection. 

 

Agroecological Crop Protection constitutes an inter-disciplinary scientific field that comprises an orderly strategy ( and clear prioritization ) of practices at the field, farm, and agricultural landscape level and a dimension of social and organizational ecology. 

 

 

 

 

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Explore The Following Selected Links   

 

 

BETHPAGE GCThe Only Organic Golf Course In The US ? LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2011/05/21/frank-rossi-turf-consultant-bethpage-organic-golf-cornell-university/

 

 

BETHPAGE GC Developing Organic Golf Turf Management Programs For Municipal Golf Courses — Rossi LINK

 

Developing Organic Golf Turf Management Programs For Municipal Golf Courses

 

 

GOLF INDUSTRY Critical Issues For The Survival Of The Golf Industry LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/golf-industry-critical-issues/

 

 

IPM Stop Toxic Pesticide Use — A ReviewReference LINK

 

Stop Toxic Pesticide Use — A Review

 

 

IPM Good Intentions, Hard Realities — A ReviewReference LINKS

 

Good Intentions, Hard Realities — A Review — Pages 1-17

 

Good Intentions, Hard Realities — A Review — Pages 18-35

 

 

 

 

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Background Information

 

Organic & Prohibition Failures

 

 

 

Explore The Following Selected Links   

 

 

 

Municipal Prohibition Failures

 

BRITISH COLUMBIA ( BC ) The Media Library Of Failures LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/carnage-bc-prohibition-failures-blogs/

 

 

Municipal Prohibition Failures

 

BRITISH COLUMBIA & MORE Catastrophic Business, Ecological, & Financial Carnage — False-Facts & Lunatжc-Doctrines LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/10/30/municipal-prohibition-failures-catastrophic-business-ecological-financial-carnage-false-facts-lunat%d0%b6c-doctrines-2018-10-30/

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

CANADA Skirting Prohibitions — Failure Of Health Canada LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Force-Of-Nature-VIOLATING-Federal-Law-2011-05-19-Skirting-Prohibitions-Health-Canada-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

CANANDAIGUA, NEW YORK Failure Of IPM — City Ponders Lifting Pesticide Ban LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2017/09/18/haha-organic-herbicide-sprayed-in-landscape-beds-in-kershaw-park-and-the-city-pier-was-ineffective/

 

 

Failure Of Go Brown

 

CHAMBERS BAY GC Anti-Cosmetic Golf Maintenance — U.S. Open Golf Championship LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/04/13/go-brown-failure-of-anti-cosmetic-go-brown-anti-cosmetic-pesticide-hating-golf-course-doctrine-chambers-bay-golf-course-the-u-s-open-golf-championship-2017-07-08/

 

 

Municipal Prohibition Failure

 

CHILLIWACK, BC Fanatжcal Demands For Municipal Prohibition Against Glyphosate LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2019/09/24/terr%d0%b6r-talk-against-glyphosate-herbicide-fanat%d0%b6cal-demands-for-municipal-prohibition-chilliwack-british-columbia-2019-09-00/

 

 

Municipal Prohibition Failure

 

EDMONTON, ALBERTA The Failure Of Fiesta Green Alternative Herbicide — Seeing Dandelion Yellow Over Failed Eco-Schemes LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2020/07/18/the-failure-of-fiesta-green-alternative-herbicide-in-edmonton-alberta-seeing-dandelion-yellow-over-edmontons-failed-eco-schemes-2020-06-04/

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

GOLF INDUSTRYBogus Organic LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Force-Of-Nature-Golf-2010-11-00-UNLEASHED-BOGUS-Organic-Golf-Courses-Time-To-Rat-Them-Out-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

GREEN ALTERNATIVESFacts & Predictions — Alternatives — Municipalities — Fraud — Card LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Force-Of-Nature-FAILURE-OF-ORGANIC-2009-10-06-CARD-Facts-and-Predictions-Alternatives-Municipalities-Fraud-pdf.pdf

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

LAWN CARE INDUSTRYThe Public & The Industry Do Not Want Pesticide Bans — Slide Show LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/ontario-2011-polling-results/

 

 

Municipal Prohibition Failure

 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND Striking Back & Responding Against Misinformation Concocted By Officials Who Know Nothing About Pesticides LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2020/10/03/montgomery-county-prohibition-failure-striking-back-responding-against-misinformation-concocted-by-officials-who-know-nothing-about-pesticides-2019-07-11-2020-02-07-2019-07-14/

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

ORGANIC LAWN CARECarnage Created By Ban Failures With Green Alternatives LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/carnage-leading-to-ban-failures/

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

ORGANIC LAWN CAREVirtually All Methods Are Bogus LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/failure-of-organic-pesticide-free-maintenance/

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

ORGANIC LAWN CAREOrganic Maintenance Is Bogus & Unsafe LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Force-Of-Nature-FAILURE-OF-ORGANIC-2010-09-19-Positive-Waves-Benefits-of-a-Well-Maintained-Property-pdf.pdf

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

ORGANIC LAWN CAREFailure Of Organic Lawn Care Services & Products LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2012/11/01/failure-of-organic-lawn-care-services-pesticide-truths-reports-2012-11-01/

 

 

Failure Of Go Brown

 

PEBBLE BEACH GC Anti-Cosmetic Golf Maintenance — U.S. Open Golf Championship LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Force-Of-Nature-Golf-2010-07-08-Collision-Course-GO-BROWN-Anti-Cosmetic-Maintenance-Pebble-Beach-Awful-Greens-pdf.pdf

 

 

Failure Of Go Brown

 

PEBBLE BEACH GC & MORE Go Brown Golf Doctrine LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/golf-go-brown-anti-cosmetic-golf-maintenance/

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

PROHIBITIONCarnage Leading To Garbage Dump Green Spaces — Anti-Pesticide Prohibition Destroyed Public & Residential Green Spaces LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/carnage-leading-to-garbage-dumps/

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

PROHIBITIONPhotographic Evidence — Carnage Leading To Garbage Dump Green Spaces — Pesticide Bans Have Never Made Our Green Spaces Look So #@!!% Ugly — Photo Gallery LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/carnage-leading-to-garbage-dump-green-spaces-photo-gallery/

 

 

Municipal Prohibition Failure

 

REVELSTOKE, BC Hundreds Of Inconsistent & Unfair Exception Statuses For Invasive Weeds Like Japanese Knotweed LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/04/19/municipal-prohibition-failures-in-revelstoke-politically-correct-rubbish-hundreds-more-exception-statuses-for-invasive-weeds-like-japanese-knotweed-2018-04-19/

 

 

Municipal Prohibition Failure

 

SAANICH, BC Politically-Correct Rubbish — Multiple False-Pretexts — Inconsistent & Unfair Exception Statuses LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/02/20/municipal-prohibition-failures-in-saanich-politically-correct-rubbish-multiple-false-pretexts-inconsistent-unfair-exception-statuses-2018-02-20/

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

SCARBOROUGH, MAINE Organic Lawn Care Company Fined $37,000 LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Force-Of-Nature-U.S.-Terrorism-Maine-Scarborough-2012-05-16-VIOLATING-State-Law-Fraudulent-Organic-Business-pdf.pdf

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

TURF REVOLUTION $2,500 Fine — Tammy Lee Lawrence — Another Example Of The Failure Of Organic LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2013/06/10/news-president-of-organic-company-turf-revolution-fined-2500-for-pesticide-violation-ministry-of-the-environment/

 

 

Municipal Prohibition Failure

 

VANCOUVER, BC Catastrophic Ecological Carnage Caused By Uncontrolled & Destructive Pests LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/07/12/municipal-prohibition-failures-in-vancouver-catastrophic-ecological-carnage-caused-by-uncontrolled-invasive-destructive-pests-european-chafer-insects-japanese-knotweed-japa/

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

WASHINGTON MALL Blame Republicans Rather Than Admit That Dismal Failures Were Due To Absolute & Total Incompetence — Paul Tukey LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Force-Of-Nature-Culprit-Tukey-2010-03-00-FAILURE-of-Organic-Maint-Tukey-Washington-Mall-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

 

Failure Of Organic Pesticide-Free

 

WASHINGTON MALL Not My Fault — Paul Tukey — Audio Recording & Photos LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2011/02/15/paul-tukey-confesses-about-washington-dc-national-mall-pesticide-free-lawn-project-failure-its-not-my-fault/

 

 

 

 

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About NORAHG

 

We Speak The Whole Truth

From An Independent Perspective

 

 

 

We are the NATIONAL ORGANIZATION RESPONDING AGAINST HUJE that conspire to destroy the GREEN space & other industries ( NORAHG ).  As a non-profit & independent organization, we are environmentalists who are dedicated to reporting about truth-challenged subversive-fanatжcs ( HUJE ) who conspire to destroy businesses that are dependent on the use of safe & effective conventional pest control products.  We also report on the work of several highly-rated leading experts who have recognized expertise, training, & background in matters concerning pest control products, & who promote environmental realism & pesticide truths.   https://wp.me/p1jq40-8DV  

 

NORAHG also produces FORCE OF NATURE, which dares to defy the pesticide-hating fanatжcs by exploring the whole truth from an independent perspective on THE PESTICIDE TRUTHS WEB-SITE      http://pesticidetruths.com/  

 

NORAHG  produces FORCE OF NATURE, a series of reports & blogs providing UP-TO-DATE KNOWLEDGE on issues such as         bee conspiracies      carnage created by catastrophic anti-pesticide prohibition      complaint channels about the anti-pesticide activists, enemies lists in the 9|11 era of anti-pesticideterrжrism      financial carnage & the exorbitant cost of pesticide bans      golf industry attacks      myths about banning pesticides      pesticide bans are a farce.   

 

FORCE OF NATURE is a series destined for the green space industry, nation-wide across Canada, the United States, & overseas, & can be found on THE PESTICIDE TRUTHS WEB-SITE      http://pesticidetruths.com/  

 

FORCE OF NATURE is a series committed to SOUND SCIENCE, as well as ground-breaking original KNOWLEDGE that informs, entertains, & creates real change.

 

FORCE OF NATURE, & its various incarnations, was the brain-child of Mr William H Gathercole ( now retired ) & his colleagues. 

 

ALL KNOWLEDGE, excerpts, & pictures contained in FORCE OF NATURE were retrieved from the Internet, & may be considered in the public domain. 

 

All products mentioned in FORCE OF NATURE should be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions, & according to provincial, state, or federal law. 

 

For the official advantages, benefits, features, precautions, & restrictions concerning any product, the turf manager must rely only on the information furnished by the manufacturer. 

 

The mention of trade names does not constitute a guarantee or a warranty.

 

 

Here Is A Brief Summary Of Mr Gathercole’s Astonishing Career

 

FIELDS OF UNIVERSITY STUDY        Crop, Horticulture, & Turfgrass Sciences      Mathematics & Physics. 

 

ALMA MATERS        McGill University      University of Guelph      the first person ever to obtain bachelors of science degrees & contribute directly to both the professional lawn care & golf maintenance industries. 

 

EXPERTISE        turf & ornamental maintenance & troubleshooting      history of the green space industry      sales & distribution of seeds, chemicals, fertilizers, & equipment      fertilizer manufacturing & distribution      environmental issues & pesticide-hating fanatжcism. 

 

NOTABLE ACTIVITIES        worked in virtually all aspects of the green space industry, including golf maintenance, professional lawn care, tree & shrub care, distribution, environmental compliance, government negotiations, public affairs, & workplace safety      the supervisor, consultant, &, programmer for the successful execution of hundreds-of-thousands of management operations in the golf course & urban landscape, as well as millions of pest control applications      the advisor, instructor, & trainer for thousands of turf & ornamental managers & technicians      the pesticide certification instructor for thousands of industry workers      a founder of the modern professional lawn care industry      the prolific writer for industry publications, reports, & blogs      the first to confirm the invasion of European Chafer insects in both the Montreal region & the Vancouver / Fraser Valley region      with Dr Peter Dernoeden, the first to confirm the presence of Take All Patch as a disease of turf in Eastern Canada      with Dr David Shetlar, the first to confirm the presence of Kentucky Bluegrass Scale as an insect pest in south-western Ontario, & later, in the Montreal & Vancouver regions. 

 

SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS        the creator of the PESTICIDE BAN EXCEPTION STATUS that allowed the golf industry to avoid being subjected to anti-pesticide prohibition for a generation      the creator of the signs that are now used for posting after application      the co-founder of annual winter convention for Quebec golf course superintendents      the founder of the first ever Turf Summit with guest Dr Jack L Eggens   https://wp.me/p1jq40-7dT      the major influence in the decision by Canadian Cancer Society to stop selling-for-profit fresh pesticide-treated daffodils   https://wp.me/P1jq40-1OW      the only true reliable witness of the events of anti-pesticide prohibition in the town of Hudson, Quebec   https://wp.me/p1jq40-asu      the founder ( now retired ) of the FORCE OF NATURE series of reports & blogs. 

 

NOTABLE AWARD        the first man-of-the-year for contributions leading to the successful founding of the Quebec professional lawn care trade association, which served as a beach-head against anti-pesticide activists in the 1980s & 1990s. 

 

LEGACIES     Mr Gathercole & his colleagues         designed & implemented strategies that reined anti-pesticide activists & provided peace & prosperity for the entire modern green space industry for a generation      orchestrated legal action against anti-pesticide activists in the town of Hudson, Quebec      launched the largest founding professional lawn care business in the nation      quadrupled the business revenues of one of the largest suppliers in the nation. 

 

Mr Gathercole is now retired, although his name continues to appear as the founder of the FORCE OF NATURE series of reports & blogs. 

 

We are the NATIONAL ORGANIZATION RESPONDING AGAINST HUJE that conspire to destroy the GREEN space & other industries ( NORAHG ). 

 

We dare to defy by exploring the whole truth from an independent perspective on THE PESTICIDE TRUTHS WEB-SITE      http://pesticidetruths.com/  

 

If you wish to receive free reports & blogs on issues that concern you, please contact us at      force.of.de.nature@gmail.com   WILLIAM H GATHERCOLE AND NORAH G  

 

 

 

 

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Background Information

 

The Whole Truth Can Be Found On
The Pesticide Truths Web-Site

 

 

Explore The Following Selected Links   

 

 

BEE CONSPIRACIES Bee-Keepers Are Killing Bees, & Not Insecticides LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/bee-colony-collapse-disorder/

 

 

CATASTROPHIC CARNAGE Carnage Created By Catastrophic Anti-Pesticide Prohibition — Main Web-Page LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/carnage-caused-by-catastrophic-anti-pesticide-prohibition-main-web-page/

 

 

COMPLAINT CHANNELS Complain About The Anti-Pesticide Lunatжcs LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/complaint-channels/

 

 

ENEMIES LISTS In The 9|11 Era Of Anti-Pesticide Terrжrism LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2013/09/13/on-the-anniversary-of-911-do-anti-pesticide-basterds-celebrate-the-success-of-their-terrorist-colleagues-the-architects-of-anti-pesticide-prohibition-enemies-lists-2013-09-11/

 

 

FINANCIAL CARNAGE The Exorbitant Cost Of Pesticide Bans LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/carnage-leading-to-stunningly-exhorbitant-costs/

 

 

GOLF INDUSTRY Attacks Against Golf Facilities LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2013/03/25/the-golf-industry-collision-course-examples-of-attacks-against-golf-facilities-2013-03-25/

 

 

MYTHS ABOUT BANNING PESTICIDES Leading Scientific Health & Policy Experts — White Paper LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2012/11/15/the-myths-about-banning-pesticides-part-2-white-paper-report-on-pesticide-bans-2012-11-15-reports/

 

 

PESTICIDE BANS ARE A FARCE Killex For Sale To Everyone LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2012/05/25/pesticide-bans-are-a-farce-killex-for-sale-to-everyone-2012-05-25/

 

 

UPDATES & WARNINGS The Media Library LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/updates-warning/

 

 

USA The Complete Media History Of US Anti-Pesticide & Environmental Terrжrism — Victories & Failures — State Pre-Emptions LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/u-s-environmental-terrorism/

 

 

VICTORIES Real Trends Against Pesticide Bans LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/victories-against-terrorists/

 

 

VICTORIES Real Trends Against Anti-Glyphosate Terrжrism LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/11/24/conspiracy-against-glyphosate-victories-against-anti-glyphosate-terr%d0%b6rism-2018-11-24/

 

 

2,4-D HERBICIDE Evaluations & Assessments LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/24-d/

 

 

 

 

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