Chlorothalonil – Near-Total Prohibition Against The Golf Industry – Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada – 2018 05 10

 

 

Overview

 

Health Canada’s Imposition Of Near-Total

National Prohibition Against Chlorothalonil

 

 

As expected, once elected to power on October 19th, 2015, Canada’s Liberal Government quickly conspired to impose national-prohibitions against the golf industry’s pest control products. 

 

Chlorothalonil, the active ingredient found in Daconil, now has only ONLY TWO LIMITED TURF USES that Health Canada has allowed to remain on the label. 

 

Health Canada, which has adopted the anti-pesticide resolutions of the Liberal Party of Canada, has DECIDED TO ALMOST ENTIRELY PROHIBIT THE USE OF CHLOROTHALONIL ON TURF. 

 

Health Canada has also IMPOSED TOTAL NATIONAL-PROHIBITIONS against more of the golf industry’s desperately-needed pest control products    carbaryl, iprodione, and quintozene    and neonicotinoids will be next ! 

 

Here is a summary of the attacks by Health Canada   

 

 

X Carbaryl ( Sevin ) 

 

Total National-Prohibition Imposed By Health Canada

 

According to allegations by Health Canada, certain carbaryl products or uses pose risks of concern to human health and DID NOT meet current standards for human health protection. 

 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-06-20-Iprodione-Turf-Uses-Cancelled.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/04/23/the-end-of-the-golf-industrys-pesticide-ban-exception-status-goodbye-iprodione/

 

 

 

X Chlorothalonil ( Daconil ) 

 

Near-Total National-Prohibition Imposed By Health Canada

 

Health Canada alleges its chlorothalonil prohibition is based on its human health risk assessment. 

 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-15-PMRA-Announces-Chlorothalonil-Final-Decision-Hsiang-WCTA-.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-15-Re-Evaluation-Decision-Health-Canada-Hsiang-CGSA-.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/04/23/the-end-of-the-golf-industrys-pesticide-ban-exception-status-goodbye-iprodione/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/chlorothalonil/

 

 

 

X Imidacloprid ( Neonicotinoids )  

 

Total National-Prohibition Proposed By Health Canada

 

Health Canada alleges that, under current conditions of use, the environmental risks for most products containing imidacloprid DO NOT meet current safety standards. 

 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2015/11/03/growers-across-canada-had-better-get-ready-for-the-pain-of-catastrophic-carnage-justin-trudeau-liberal-party-of-canada-2015-11-02/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-06-01-Neonicotinoids-About-Face-PMRA-Changes-Its-Mind-About-Imidacloprid.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-01-09-Neonicotinoids-Health-Canada-Proposes-Some-Restrictions-NORAHG-RESPONSE.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/04/23/the-end-of-the-golf-industrys-pesticide-ban-exception-status-goodbye-iprodione/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/01/20/there-is-no-proof-that-neonicotinoids-harm-honeybees-when-used-properly-dr-keith-ross-solomon-speaks-the-truth-2017-11-21/

 

 

 

X Iprodione ( Rovral ) 

 

Total National-Prohibition Imposed By Health Canada

 

According to allegations by Health Canada, products containing iprodione used on turfgrasses DID pose an unacceptable risk to human health. 

 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-06-00-Carbaryl-De-Registered-For-Turf-Uses-Another-One-Bites-The-Dust.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/04/23/the-end-of-the-golf-industrys-pesticide-ban-exception-status-goodbye-iprodione/

 

 

 

X Quintozene ( PCNB ) 

 

Total National-Prohibition Imposed By Health Canada

Before Liberals Were Elected To Power In 2015

 

According to allegations by Health Canada, products containing quintozene used on turfgrasses DID pose an unacceptable risk to human health and the environment, and, consequently, DID NOT have value since many other products could be used as alternatives to replace it for the control of Snow Mold Diseases. 

 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Force-Of-Nature-UPDATE-Quintozene-2010-06-24-Alternatives-Health-Canada-CGSA-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Force-Of-Nature-UPDATE-Quintozene-2010-06-24-Environment-Safety-Health-Canada-CGSA-Leaders-pdf.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Force-Of-Nature-UPDATE-Quintozene-2010-07-14-Quintozene-Cancellation-Schedule-PMRA-pdf.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/04/23/the-end-of-the-golf-industrys-pesticide-ban-exception-status-goodbye-iprodione/

 

 

 

 

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http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/04/23/the-end-of-the-golf-industrys-pesticide-ban-exception-status-goodbye-iprodione/

 

 

 

 

 

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Overview ( continued )

 

Health Canada Has Adopted The Anti-Pesticide Resolutions Of The Liberal Party Of Canada

 

 

It come as NO surprise that these prohibitions by Health Canada are being imposed ( and proposed ) within mere months after Liberal Party won in the Canadian General Election. 

 

In essence, Health Canada has adopted the anti-pesticide resolutions of the Liberal Party of Canada   

 

 

 

X Liberal Party of Canada Policy Resolution [ Against ] Cosmetic Use of Pesticides, March 16-19, 2000 

 

BE IT RESOLVED that the Liberal Party of Canada urge the federal government to introduce an IMMEDIATE MORATORIUM  [ i.e. PROHIBITION ]  ON THE COSMETIC USE OF CHEMICAL PESTICIDES until such a time as their use has been scientifically proven to be safe and the long-term consequences of their application are known. 

 

 

X Liberal Party of Canada Policy Resolution [ Against ] Neonicotinoid Insecticides, 2014 

 

BE IT RESOLVED that the Liberal Party of Canada call for the Pest Management Regulatory Agency ( PMRA ) to SUSPEND  [ i.e. PROHIBIT ]  IMMEDIATELY its registration of all NEONICOTINOID-BASED COMPOUNDS, resulting in an IMMEDIATE MORATORIUM  [ i.e. PROHIBITION ]  on the sale and use of this class of technology in Canada. 

 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2015/10/16/norahg-responds-to-those-imbeciles-planning-to-vote-for-liberal-party-of-canada-a-k-a-world-wildlife-federation-2015-10-16/

 

 

 

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Overview ( continued )

 

The Trade Associations Have Betrayed

Golf Superintendents & Their Facilities

 

 

Golf industry leaders must immediately address several critical issues. 

 

They must strongly adopt the position that conventional pest control products and fertilizers are scientifically-safe and will cause NO harm. 

 

They must also adopt the policy that the only course of action against fanatжcal anti-pesticide prohibition is through litigation. 

 

Additionally, golf industry leaders must openly and financially SUPPORT all Conservative political candidates who oppose any prohibition against pest control products and fertilizers. 

 

Whenever successfully elected to power, Liberals, New Democrats, and Greens WILL ALWAYS conspire to impose fanatжcal national-prohibition against ALL pest control products, including those desperately-needed by the golf industry.   

 

Golf industry leaders must be pressured by superintendents to immediately address these critical issues, and many more. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/06/21/the-golf-industry-is-on-a-collision-course-the-critical-issues-that-must-be-addressed-by-the-golf-industry-now-2018-06-21/

 

Unfortunately, golf industry leaders and their trade associations, like CGSA and WCTA ( see below ), CANNOT BE CONSIDERED COMPETENT to handle public affairs issues concerning pest control products.

 

They have NO credibility whatsoever in public affairs, and are NOT FIT to lobby against the national-prohibitions against the golf industry’s desperately-needed pest control products.

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/06/15/the-road-so-far-can-the-golf-industrys-trade-associations-be-trusted/

 

In fact, golf industry leaders and their trade associations HAVE ACTUALLY CONTRIBUTED to the END of the Golf Industry’s Pesticide Ban Exception Status. 

 

The BLACK DEATH was, or will be, THEIR fault ! 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Force-Of-Nature-CGSA-2011-01-31-Terror-NEVER-Ends-Supported-Prohibition-Death-Of-Lawn-Care-The-Black-Death.pdf

 

The following FAILED trade associations have BETRAYED golf superintendents and their facilities   

 

 

 

X Canadian Golf Superintendents Association ( CGSA ) 

 

Officially Supports The Prohibition Of Pest

Control Products Used In The Urban Landscape

 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/canadian-golf-superintendents-association/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Force-Of-Nature-CGSA-2009-12-09-CARD-Happy-Holidays-Cousineau-1.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Force-Of-Nature-CGSA-2010-02-15-Collision-Course-CGSA-Response-to-British-Columbia-Prohibition-Part-2-2.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Force-Of-Nature-CGSA-2010-02-15-Collision-Course-CGSA-Response-to-British-Columbia-Prohibition-Part-1-1.pdf

 

 

 

X Golf Canada ( a.k.a. Royal Canadian Golf Association ) 

 

Heavily Finances Organization That Conspires

Against The Golf Industry & Pest Control Products

 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/canadian-cancer-society-demands-no-golf-exception-status/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Force-Of-Nature-Canadian-Cancer-Society-2011-05-05-Enviro-PROFIT-Golf-Fore-The-Cure-Complaint-Channels-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Force-Of-Nature-Golf-2010-09-17-Enviro-PROFIT-CCS-Golf-Fore-The-Cure-Golf-Canada-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

 

 

X United States Golf Association ( USGA ) 

 

Officially Promotes The Go Brown Anti-Cosmetic

Golf Course Doctrine, Which Is Golf-Hating

Anti-Pesticide & Anti-Fertilizer Terrжrism

 

Go Brown Golf Courses Look Dead

 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/04/13/go-brown-failure-of-anti-cosmetic-go-brown-anti-cosmetic-pesticide-hating-golf-course-doctrine-chambers-bay-golf-course-the-u-s-open-golf-championship-2017-07-08/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/golf-go-brown-anti-cosmetic-golf-maintenance/


 

X Western Canada Turfgrass Association ( WCTA ) 

 

Supports Anti-Pesticide Prohibition, Torpedoes

Professional Lawn Care Businesses, Conspires With

Canadian Cancer Society, Pays Anti-Pesticide Speakers

For Its Conferences, & Squanders Vast Sums Of

Money For Peddling Green Alternative Pesticides

 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/wcta-reports-blogs-references-cards/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Force-Of-Nature-WCTA-2011-01-31-Terror-NEVER-Ends-Black-Death.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2011/11/01/the-failure-of-western-canada-turfgrass-association/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Force-Of-Nature-WCTA-2011-11-25-Anti-Pesticide-Presentations-Part-3.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Force-Of-Nature-WCTA-2011-11-12-Letter-of-COMPLAINT-Demand-For-Official-Retraction.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Force-Of-Nature-WCTA-2011-05-09-STRIKING-BACK-BC-Allied-Golf-Association-Lobbying.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Force-Of-Nature-WCTA-2011-10-31-Consequences-Rousseau-Resign-Now.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Force-Of-Nature-WCTA-2011-10-26-Letter-of-COMPLAINT-Rousseau.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2011/10/29/calling-for-the-dismissal-of-wcta%E2%80%99s-jerry-rousseau/

 

 

 

The golf industry’s superintendents must recognize that they are on a collision course with the looming shipwreck of golf-hating and anti-pesticide terrжism ! 

 

Superintendents are facing the end of the Golf Industry’s Pesticide Ban Exception Status ! 

 

Superintendents must PLAN for the inevitable and total revocation of this exception status, and must EXPECT the total national-prohibitions against their desperately-needed pest control products. 

 

 

 

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http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Force-Of-Nature-CGSA-2011-01-31-Terror-NEVER-Ends-Supported-Prohibition-Death-Of-Lawn-Care-The-Black-Death.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

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Please explore the following links 

 

 

The Critical Issues That Must Be

Addressed By The Golf Industry

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/06/21/the-golf-industry-is-on-a-collision-course-the-critical-issues-that-must-be-addressed-by-the-golf-industry-now-2018-06-21/

 

 

The Complete Media Library

On Chlorothalonil Fungicide

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/chlorothalonil/

 

 

 

 

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May 12th, 2018

 

Trade Association Newsletters

 

Re  :  Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada

 

Selected And Adapted Excerpts

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-15-PMRA-Announces-Chlorothalonil-Final-Decision-Hsiang-WCTA-.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-15-Re-Evaluation-Decision-Health-Canada-Hsiang-CGSA-.pdf

 

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11

 

Only Two Turf Uses Remain For Chlorothalonil

 

 

Health Canada’s Final Decision On Chlorothalonil

Restrictions Amounts To A Final Stage Of

Total Prohibition For The Golf Industry

 

 

Final Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada   

 

The commonly-used fungicide, chlorothalonil, found in a large variety of turf fungicides including Daconil, has been undergoing review by the Canadian Government. 

 

The Pest Management Regulatory Agency just recently issued Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ], Chlorothalonil And Its Associated End-Use Products For Agricultural And Turf Uses    Final Decision ). 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

There are ONLY TWO LIMITED TURF USES remaining on the label, which represents a NEAR-TOTAL NATIONAL-PROHIBITION Imposed By Health Canada   

 

   for TURF DISEASES DURING [ GROWING ] SEASONS, there will be up to TWO PERMITTED APPLICATIONS at a minimum 14 day interval, with up to 9.5 kg a.i./ha or 95 grams per 100 square meters per application on GOLF COURSES. 

 

   for TURF SNOW MOLD DISEASES, a SINGLE APPLICATION per year will be permitted, containing up to 12 kg a.i./ha or 120 grams per 100 square meters ( or about 4 ounces per thousand square feet of active ingredient ). 

 

   for SOD FARMS, there are also TWO PERMITTED APPLICATIONS, but at 7 day intervals with up to 4.8 kg a.i./ha

 

RE-ENTRY into treated sites can occur when the sprays have DRIED. 

 

Manufacturers have 24 months to change their labels on products containing chlorothalonil to reflect these requirements. 

 

 

 

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Trade Association Newsletter

 

Failed Western Canada Turfgrass Trade Association ( WCTA )

 

 

WCTA Editor’s Note   

 

The Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ] is under « review » [ ?!?! ] by WCTA staff. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

If you have questions, please email exec.director(at)wctaturf.com.

 

[  What kind of « review » can be performed by anyone operating WCTA, which is a trade association ?!?!  WCTA is NOT a science, NOT a research, and NOT an educational organization.  There is NO ONE at WCTA with ANY expertise on matters concerning the assessment of pest control products.  WCTA is a DISMAL FAILURE !  ]

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-15-PMRA-Announces-Chlorothalonil-Final-Decision-Hsiang-WCTA-.pdf

 

 

 

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Trade Association Newsletter

 

Failed Canadian Golf Superintendents Trade Association ( CGSA )

 

 

CGSA Staff Note   

 

Additional items of note for reference added by CGSA staff following « review » [ ?!?! ]   

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-15-Re-Evaluation-Decision-Health-Canada-Hsiang-CGSA-.pdf

 

Note that additional information is found by « reviewing » [ ?!?! ] the entire Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ], other items of note will be added to the end-use product labels and will include   

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

   Applications should be done with consideration of wind speed, wind direction, temperature inversions, application equipment and sprayer settings due to potential drift to non-target areas of human habitation and areas of human activity. 

 

   For products with ornamental uses    not for use on greenhouse ornamental cut flowers nor roses grown for cut flowers. 

 

   For products with golf course uses    do not allow the public to enter into treated golf courses following late fall application for Snow Molds. 

 

 

[  What kind of « review » can be performed by anyone operating CGSA, which is a mere trade association ?!?!  CGSA is NOT a science, NOT a research, and NOT an educational organization.  This is NO ONE at CGSA with ANY expertise on matters concerning the assessment of pest control products.  CGSA is a DISMAL FAILURE !  ]

 

 

 

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Re-Evaluation Decision

By Health Canada

 

 

RVD2018-11 [ Short Version ]

 

Chlorothalonil And Its Associated

End-Use Products For Agricultural

And Turf Uses    Final Decision

 

 

 

 

 

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May 10th, 2018

 

Pest Management Regulatory Agency ( PMRA )

 

Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada RVD2018-11

 

Selected And Adapted Excerpts From Short Version

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-Short-Version-.pdf

 

 

 

 

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The following segments contain the Short Version of the Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada RVD2018-11. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-Short-Version-.pdf

 

[ See segments below. ]

 

To review the FULL COPY of the Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada RVD2018-11, please explore the following link   

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ Short Version ]

 

Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada

 

 

Under the authority of the Pest Control Products Act, all registered pesticides must be regularly re-evaluated by Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory Agency ( PMRA ) to ensure that they continue to meet current health and environmental safety standards and continue to have value. 

 

The re-evaluation considers data and information from pesticide manufacturers, published scientific reports, and other regulatory agencies. 

 

The PMRA applies internationally accepted risk assessment methods as well as current risk management approaches and policies.

 

Chlorothalonil is a contact and protectant fungicide with a multi-site mode of action. 

 

It controls a broad range of fungal diseases on a large number of field and orchard crops, conifers, greenhouse vegetables, greenhouse and outdoor ornamentals and TURF. 

 

In agriculture, chlorothalonil is applied by both aerial and ground application equipment. 

 

Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada RVD2018-11 [ Short Version ], Chlorothalonil And Its Associated End-Use Products For Agricultural And Turf Uses    Final Decision ) will focus on agricultural and turf uses. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-Short-Version-.pdf

 

Chlorothalonil is also used as a material preservative in paint; however, the PMRA plans to publish a separate document in the future examining the material preservative use of chlorothalonil. 

 

The regulatory approach for the re-evaluation of chlorothalonil was first presented in Proposed Re-Evaluation Decision PRVD2011-14. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Reference-chlorothalonil-2011-10-07-Proposed-Re-Evaluation-Decision-PRVD2011-14-Health-Canada.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2011-11-01-Health-Canada-Proposed-Re-Evaluation-Decision-PRVD2011-14-FULL-COPY-.pdf

 

The amended proposed re-evaluation decision was presented in Re-Evaluation Note REV2016-06, Chlorothalonil Amendment To The Proposed Re-Evaluation Decision. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Reference-chlorothalonil-2016-02-11-Health-Canada-Re-Ev-Note-REV2016-06-Re-Evaluation-Decision.pdf

 

Comments received during the consultation process were taken into consideration. 

 

These comments and new data/information resulted in REVISIONS to some parts of the RISK ASSESSMENTS. 

 

See the Science Evaluation Update in RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

See also the subsequent changes to the proposed regulatory decision as described in PRVD2011-14 and REV2016-06.

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2011-11-01-Health-Canada-Proposed-Re-Evaluation-Decision-PRVD2011-14-Short-Version.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Reference-chlorothalonil-2016-02-11-Health-Canada-Re-Ev-Note-REV2016-06-Re-Evaluation-Decision.pdf

 

Appendix II of RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ] summarizes comments received during consultation periods and provides the PMRA’s response.  [ See later segments. ] 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ] presents the re-evaluation decision, describing this stage of the PMRA’s regulatory process for the re-evaluation of chlorothalonil and summarizes the Agency’s decision and the reasons for it. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

A reference list for all data used as the basis for the re-evaluation decision is included in RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ], as well as in PRVD2011-14 and REV2016-06. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2011-11-01-Health-Canada-Proposed-Re-Evaluation-Decision-PRVD2011-14-Short-Version.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Reference-chlorothalonil-2016-02-11-Health-Canada-Re-Ev-Note-REV2016-06-Re-Evaluation-Decision.pdf

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ Short Version ]

 

Regulatory Decision

 

 

The Continued Registration Of Chlorothalonil

Products Is Acceptable In Canada

 

 

The PMRA has completed the re-evaluation of chlorothalonil. 

 

Under the authority of the Pest Control Products Act, the PMRA has determined that CONTINUED REGISTRATION OF PRODUCTS CONTAINING CHLOROTHALONIL IS ACCEPTABLE. 

 

An evaluation of available scientific information found that MOST USES of chlorothalonil products meet current standards for protection of human health or the environment when used according to the conditions of registration, which include required amendments to label directions. 

 

Certain uses of chlorothalonil will be cancelled to address POTENTIAL RISKS OF CONCERN FOR HUMAN HEALTH. 

 

Risk mitigation measures, as summarized below as well as outlined in Appendix III of RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ], are required for all end-use products.  [ See later segments. ] 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ Short Version ]

 

Risk Mitigation Measures

 

 

Final Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada   

 

Registered pesticide product labels include specific instructions for use. 

 

Directions include risk reduction measures to protect human health and the environment. 

 

These directions must be followed by law. 

 

The key risk-reduction measures required are summarized below.  Refer to Appendix III of RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ] for details.  [ See later segments. ] 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ Short Version ]

 

Human Health

 

 

Final Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada   

 

   CANCELLATION of chlorothalonil uses on greenhouse cut flowers, greenhouse pachysandra, and field grown roses ( for cut flowers ). 

 

   All chlorothalonil products currently registered as dry flowable or water dispersible granules MUST BE PACKAGED IN WATER SOLUBLE PACKAGING. 

 

   Additional measures to mitigate EXPOSURE of mixers/loaders/applicators, including personal protection equipment and/or engineering controls. 

 

   Additional measures to mitigate EXPOSURE of post-application workers, including REDUCED NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS and RESTRICTED-ENTRY INTERVALS. 

 

   Additional label statements to clarify use directions. 

 

   Standard precautionary label statement to mitigate a potential drift into residential areas. 

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ Short Version ]

 

Environment

 

 

Final Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada   

 

   REVISED buffer zones

 

   Requirement for a vegetative filter strip

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ Short Version ]

 

Next Steps

 

 

Final Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada   

 

To comply with this decision, the required mitigation measures must be implemented on all product labels sold by registrants no later than 24 months after the publication date of this decision document. 

 

Appendix I of RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ] lists the products containing chlorothalonil that are registered under the authority of the Pest Control Products Act. 

 

Please note that water soluble packaging is required for all chlorothalonil products registered as dry flowable or water dispersible granules. 

 

Should registrants of these specific products wish to keep their chlorothalonil registration, an application to register a new product in water soluble packaging is required as soon as possible so that the new formulation will be approved and available for sale no later than 24 months after the publication date of RVD2018-11. 

 

Additional label requirements are outlined in Appendix III of RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ].  [ See later segments. ] 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ Short Version ]

 

Other Information

 

 

Final Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada   

 

Any person may file a notice of objection regarding this decision on chlorothalonil within 60 days from the date of publication of this re-evaluation decision ( RVD2018-11 ).  

 

For more information regarding the basis for objecting ( which must be based on scientific grounds ), please refer to the Pesticides and Pest Management section of Canada.ca

 

Request a Reconsideration of Decision or contact the PMRA’s Pest Management Information Service.

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ Short Version ]

 

International Context

 

 

The Continued Registration Of Chlorothalonil Products

Is Acceptable Not Only In Canada, But Also In The

United States, The European Union, & Australia

 

 

Chlorothalonil is currently acceptable for use in member countries from the Organisation [ sic ] for Economic Co-operation and Development ( OECD ), including the United States, Australia, and member states of the European Union. 

 

No decision by an OECD member country to prohibit all uses of chlorothalonil for health or environmental reasons has been identified at this time. 

 

Chlorothalonil is under registration review at the United States Environmental Protection Agency ( US EPA ).

 

 

 

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May 10th, 2018

 

Pest Management Regulatory Agency ( PMRA )

 

Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada RVD2018-11

 

Selected And Adapted Excerpts From FULL COPY

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Science Evaluation Update

 

Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada

 

 

This re-evaluation considers data and information from pesticide manufacturers, published scientific reports, and other regulatory agencies. 

 

The PMRA applies internationally accepted risk assessment methods as well as current risk management approaches and policies. 

 

Chlorothalonil is a contact and protectant fungicide with a multi-site mode of action. 

 

It controls a broad range of fungal diseases on a large number of field and orchard crops, conifers, greenhouse vegetables, greenhouse and outdoor ornamentals and turf. 

 

[ The excerpts from this ] document will focus on turf uses. 

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Science Evaluation Update

 

Risks In Residential & Other Non-Occupational Environments

 

 

Residential handler EXPOSURE is NOT EXPECTED as there are no domestic-class products containing chlorothalonil registered in Canada. 

 

There is, however, a potential for EXPOSURE to chlorothalonil RESIDUES on commercially treated TURF ( GOLFERS ) and plants, and to spray drift from agricultural applications ( BY-STANDERS ).

 

As indicated in REV2016-06, potential risks to individuals from pick-your-own activities and to BY-STANDERS are NOT OF CONCERN. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Reference-chlorothalonil-2016-02-11-Health-Canada-Re-Ev-Note-REV2016-06-Re-Evaluation-Decision.pdf

 

Potential risks for GOLFERS and individuals handling retail plants are NOT OF CONCERN under the REVISED conditions of use

 

See Appendix V, Table 1 and Table 2.  [ See later segments. ] 

 

For BY-STANDERS, potential aggregate non-cancer and cancer risks, where EXPOSURE from food and drinking water was combined with possible INHALATION EXPOSURE from drift, are NOT OF CONCERN

 

See Appendix V, Table 3.  [ See later segments. ] 

 

For GOLFERS and individuals handling retail plants ( See Appendix V, Table 3 ), NON-CANCER AGGREGATE RISK ASSESSMENTS were not required, as a common end-point of concern was not identified for the relevant routes of EXPOSURE. 

 

The potential aggregate cancer risk is NOT OF CONCERN for individuals handling retail plants when combined with dietary EXPOSURE. 

 

For GOLFERS, the AGGREGATE CANCER RISK ESTIMATES ( 2 × 106 ) slightly exceed the PMRA’s LEVEL OF CONCERN ( 1 × 106 ) when combined with dietary EXPOSURE, however, this is considered acceptable given the conservatisms in the input values used in both the dietary and GOLFER assessments, including   

 

   Monitoring data used in the dietary EXPOSURE assessment are based on the current registered use pattern.  As a result of the re-evaluation whereby the maximum number of applications is reduced, these levels are expected to be LOWER. 

 

   For the GOLFER assessment, peak chlorothalonil RESIDUES are assumed.  Chlorothalonil RESIDUES dissipate over time and GOLFERS WILL NOT be exposed to the peak RESIDUES every time they play GOLF. 

 

Furthermore, conservative default values for EXPOSURE duration are used ( e.g., 63 years for adults and 5 years for children and youth ).

 

 

 

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May 10th, 2018

 

Pest Management Regulatory Agency ( PMRA )

 

Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada RVD2018-11

 

Selected And Adapted Excerpts From FULL COPY

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix II

 

Residential & Occupational Exposure

 

 

Comments & Responses   

 

In response to the consultation for REV2016-06, comments related to the residential and occupational EXPOSURE assessments were received from the registrant, individual growers, grower groups and associations, industries related to agriculture, such as packing plants, agronomy services, consultants, suppliers, distributers, and wholesalers, GOLF COURSE SUPERINTENDENTS, SUPERINTENDENT ASSOCIATIONS, TURFGRASS TRADE ASSOCIATIONS, researchers ( university and research institute ), provincial ministries related to agriculture, and one municipality. 

 

Comments recommended that the occupational and residential mixer, loader, applicator and POST-APPLICATION RISK ASSESSMENTS be REVISED based on a REVISED DERMAL END-POINT, UPDATED USE INFORMATION, REVISED POST-APPLICATION ACTIVITIES, and REVISED APPLICATION FREQUENCIES. 

 

The PMRA REVISED the occupational handler and POST-APPLICATION RISK ASSESSMENTS taking into consideration the comments received. 

 

These RISK ASSESSMENTS were REVISED for most crops using the short-term DERMAL END-POINT as well as the use description information received during the consultation period. 

 

The results of the REVISED RISK ASSESSMENTS are presented in Appendix VII. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Reference-chlorothalonil-2016-02-11-Health-Canada-Re-Ev-Note-REV2016-06-Re-Evaluation-Decision.pdf

 

Specific comments are addressed below.

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix II

 

Gloves

 

 

Comment   

 

It was stated that GLOVES are typically worn by POST-APPLICATION workers and can result in a 90 per cent EXPOSURE REDUCTION.

 

 

PMRA Response   

 

The PMRA acknowledges that GLOVES may be worn during certain POST-APPLICATION activities for some crops, as protection ( e.g., thorns ) or to prevent the transmission of micro-organisms from the worker to the plant commodity. 

 

However, the type of GLOVE worn may not be CHEMICAL-RESISTANT, so the level of chemical protection afforded by the GLOVES worn by POST-APPLICATION workers is unknown. 

 

( 90 per cent is a factor used for handlers who have only brief contact with concentrated products during mixing and loading, rather than for POST-APPLICATION workers who have much longer contact with RESIDUES over an 8-hour workday, which can result in greater EXPOSURE. ) 

 

While the use of CHEMICAL-RESISTANT GLOVES may be a « best practices » measure, the consideration of Personal Protection Equipment ( PPE ) as mitigation for POST-APPLICATION workers in the risk assessment is NOT APPROPRIATE for regulatory purposes since there are no reliable data to indicate the degree of protection GLOVES may provide to POST-APPLICATION workers, or conversely, the extent that GLOVES may enhance EXPOSURE under certain conditions. 

 

Moreover, GLOVES may not be worn consistently in hot weather, and delicate tasks such as hand thinning often cannot be adequately performed while wearing GLOVES. 

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix II

 

Dislodgeable Foliar Residues ( DFR )

 

 

Comment   

 

Comments suggested that DISLODGEABLE FOLIAR RESIDUES would dissipate and rapid growth of the plant would decrease the contact potential to treated surfaces. 

 

Furthermore, due to the sticky nature of the end-use product, transfer of RESIDUES would be minimal after application.

 

 

PMRA Response   

 

A chemical specific dislodgeable foliar residues ( DFR ) study was not available to the PMRA to determine the dissipation of chlorothalonil on treated plant foliage. 

 

In lieu of this data, the default PEAK DISLODGEABLE FOLIAR RESIDUES ( DFR ) VALUE OF 25 PER CENT OF THE APPLICATION RATE BEING DISLODGEABLE AFTER APPLICATION and the default DAILY DISSIPATION RATE OF 10 PER CENT was used in the updated risk assessment. 

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix II

 

Mitigation Measures For Golf Course Workers

 

 

Statement   

 

A Re-Entry Interval ( REI ) of 22 days is NOT FEASIBLE for many GOLF COURSES, as winter protection activities ( such as topdressing, tarping, and fencing ) take place following the application. 

 

Without further winter protection, GOLF COURSES would sustain substantial damage to the TURF that would result in financial hardships. 

 

The proposed Re-Entry Interval ( REI ) is likely to reduce, if not even prevent, the use of chlorothalonil on GOLF COURSES. 

 

In addition, the requirement of ENCLOSED CAB APPLICATION EQUIPMENT with ground-boom equipment for applications to TURF would add UNREASONABLE COSTS to many GOLF COURSES, and may have a NEGATIVE ECONOMIC IMPACT on the smaller clubs across Canada. 

 

 

PMRA Response   

 

The PMRA considered all comments received during consultation and REVISED the risk assessment using the best available information.  Based on the REVISED risk assessment, the PMRA supports a continued registration of all TURF USES with mitigation measures. 

 

ENCLOSED CAB APPLICATION EQUIPMENT is NO LONGER REQUIRED for ground-boom applications to TURF. 

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix II

 

Honeybees

 

 

Comment   

 

In PRVD2011-14 [ FULL COPY ] on Page 54 ( Page 53 of the published document ), the acute honeybee ( Apis mellifera ) 48-h LD50 identified in Table 3 was not consistent with the most current data identified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency [ US EPA ] ( > 181 μg/bee; Atkins et al 1973 ). 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2011-11-01-Health-Canada-Proposed-Re-Evaluation-Decision-PRVD2011-14-FULL-COPY-.pdf

 

Please see Atkins, E L, Greywood, E A, and Macdonald, R L 1973.  Toxicity of Pesticides and Other Agricultural Chemicals to Honeybees     Laboratory Studies.  Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside.  September 1973-SM, Rev.

 

 

 

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PMRA Response   

 

The acute honeybee ( Apis mellifera ) 48-h LD50 of > 40 μg/bee used in the risk assessment was obtained from the European Commission Health and Consumer Protection Directorate-General review for chlorothalonil. 

 

Although this value is more conservative than the value reported by the EPA ( > 181 μg/bee; Atkins et al 1973 ), the LEVEL OF CONCERN was still NOT EXCEEDED in the screening level risk assessment for honeybees indicating negligible risk ( PRVD2011-14, Appendix VIII, Table 4 ).

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2011-11-01-Health-Canada-Proposed-Re-Evaluation-Decision-PRVD2011-14-FULL-COPY-.pdf

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix II

 

Value Assessment

 

 

Comments   

 

In response to the consultation for REV2016-06, comments related to the value assessment were received from individual growers, grower groups and associations, industries related to agriculture, such as packing plants, agronomy services, consultants, suppliers, distributers, and wholesalers, GOLF COURSE SUPERINTENDENTS, SUPERINTENDENT TRADE ASSOCIATIONS, TURFGRASS TRADE ASSOCIATIONS, researchers ( university and research institute ), and provincial ministries related to agriculture.

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Reference-chlorothalonil-2016-02-11-Health-Canada-Re-Ev-Note-REV2016-06-Re-Evaluation-Decision.pdf

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix II

 

Resistance Management

 

 

Comment   

 

Chlorothalonil is important for RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT. 

 

The proposed restriction on the use of chlorothalonil put Canadian growers at a competitive disadvantage.

 

Chlorothalonil is an effective, broad spectrum fungicide that has a very low risk of resistance due to its multi-site mode of action. 

 

It is an invaluable tool for RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT and economical broad spectrum disease control. 

 

It is used as TANK-MIX PARTNER, in pre-mixes, and as rotational product for newer fungicides that are at high risk of resistance.

 

The proposed additional restrictions on the use of chlorothalonil, prior to similar action by the United States Department of Agriculture ( USDA ), would further handicap our producers and overall industry from effectively competing with North American growers particularly processed tomato sector. 

 

 

PMRA Response   

 

The PMRA acknowledges the importance of chlorothalonil to agriculture for disease control, RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT for higher quality and yield. 

 

During consultation with stakeholders, the PMRA received additional information related to crop production practices and the use of chlorothalonil. 

 

This information was used to refine the assessment of EXPOSURE RISKS for chlorothalonil and as a result, the PMRA will retain most of the uses for chlorothalonil but with a REDUCED NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS TO MITIGATE RISK CONCERNS. 

 

Growers will have the option to rotate or tank mix chlorothalonil with other fungicides for disease control and RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT.

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix II

 

Integrated Pest Management ( IPM )

 

 

Comment 

 

Chlorothalonil is the key active ingredient as part of an INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT program on GOLF COURSE TURF. 

 

Chlorothalonil plays a key role in INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT Programs on GOLF COURSE TURF as it is the only fungicide with MULTI-SITE CONTROL. 

 

Without the availability of chlorothalonil, TURF MANAGERS would be forced to ABANDON INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT principles and begin focusing specifically on bi-weekly PREVENTIVE applications of less effective fungicides, ultimately requiring a significant increase in chemical applications and pesticide load in the environment.  [ ?!?! ]

 

 

NORAHG Response   

 

FUNGICIDES ARE MOST EFFICIENT WHEN USED PREVENTIVELY   

 

Disease control products that are MULTI-SITE CONTACT FUNGICIDES work best when used PREVENTIVELY. 

 

The only available SINGLE-SITE fungicide, chlorothalonil, still requires lower rates and frequencies when used PREVENTIVELY. 

 

In the case of late-fall pre-snow-cover applications against Snow Mold Diseases, the only solution is applying products PREVENTIVELY at the highest label rates. 

 

 

Comment ( continued ) 

 

It is the key tool required to maintain the high quality playing surfaces that will continue to attract GOLFERS. 

 

This is an extremely important active ingredient used for the prevention and control of Snow Molds, Anthracnose, Helminthosporium Leaf Spot, Brown Patch, Microdochium Patch, and Dollar Spot. 

 

It is also important for RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT in an INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT program.

 

 

PMRA Response 

 

The PMRA acknowledges the importance of chlorothalonil for the management of TURF diseases in GOLF COURSES. 

 

During the consultation period for REV2016-06, the PMRA received information related to GOLF COURSE TURFGRASS MANAGEMENT PRACTICES and the use of chlorothalonil from different stakeholders. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Reference-chlorothalonil-2016-02-11-Health-Canada-Re-Ev-Note-REV2016-06-Re-Evaluation-Decision.pdf

 

This information was used to REFINE the assessed EXPOSURE RISKS associated with chlorothalonil. 

 

As a result, TWO APPLICATIONS of chlorothalonil per year for TURFGRASS FOLIAR DISEASE MANAGEMENT, plus one application in the fall for Snow Mold control, are ACCEPTABLE.

 

A number of active ingredients other than chlorothalonil belong to different mode of action groups are currently registered for the control of several important GOLF COURSE TURFGRASS DISEASES     dollar spot, foliar and basal rot anthracnose, leaf spot and brown patch.  Growers have the option to rotate these fungicides with chlorothalonil in a GOLF COURSE TURFGRASS DISEASE CONTROL and RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT program. 

 

Growers also have the option for one application of a pre-mix product containing chlorothalonil, propiconazole and fludioxonil in the fall for season long control of pink and gray Snow Molds in addition to other products from different mode of action groups.

 

 

 

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May 10th, 2018

 

Pest Management Regulatory Agency ( PMRA )

 

Re-Evaluation Decision By Health Canada RVD2018-11

 

Selected And Adapted Excerpts From FULL COPY

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2018-05-10-Health-Canada-Re-Evaluation-Decision-RVD2018-11-FULL-COPY-Final-Decision.pdf

 

 

 

 

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Appendix III    Revised Label Amendments For Agricultural & Turf End-Use Products Containing Chlorothalonil

 

 

The label amendments presented below do not include all label requirements for individual end-use products, such as first aid statements, disposal statements, precautionary statements and supplementary protective equipment. 

 

Information on labels of currently registered products should not be removed unless it contradicts the label statements provided below.

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix III

 

Statements To Protect Human Health Use Precautions

 

 

The Following Statements Must Be Added To All End-Use Product Labels   

 

Apply only when the potential for DRIFT to non-target areas of human habitation and areas of human activity such as houses, cottages, schools, and recreational areas is minimal. 

 

Take into consideration wind speed, wind direction, temperature inversions, application equipment, and sprayer settings.

 

 

The Following Statements Must Be Added To The Applicable Labels Of End-Use Products   

 

For products with GOLF COURSE uses   

 

DO NOT allow the public to enter into treated GOLF COURSES following late fall application for Snow Molds

 

 

End-Use Products Formulation As Liquids   

 

The following Minimum Mitigation Measure Requirements are based on the risk assessment for workers mixing, loading and applying end-use products formulated as liquids will be applied to applicable product labels.

 

 

Minimum Mitigation Measure Requirements For Ground-Booms   

 

If handling more than 340 kg a.i. in one day, mixers and loaders must use a CLOSED SYSTEM.

 

Wear coveralls over a long-sleeved shirt and long pants, chemical resistant gloves, socks and shoes during mixing, loading, clean-up, and repair activities. 

 

Wear a long sleeved-shirt, long pants, chemical resistant gloves, socks and shoes during application. 

 

GLOVES are NOT required during application within a CLOSED CAB.

 

 

Minimum Mitigation Measure Requirements For Hand-Held Spray Equipment   

 

Wear a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, chemical resistant gloves, socks and shoes during mixing, loading, application, clean-up, and repair.

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix III

 

End-Use Products Formulations

 

 

End-use products formulated as Dry Flowable ( DF ) and Water Dispersible Granules ( WDG ) must be DISCONTINUED and re-formulated in Water-Soluble Packets ( WSP ).         

 

For DF and/or WDG products that will be re-formulated as WSP, label language will need to be clarified to indicate directions for the use of Water-Soluble Packets ( WSP ). 

 

Registrants will need to ensure that the sizes of the Water-Soluble Packets ( WSP ) are reconciled with the registered/required use-specific application rates. 

 

The following Minimum Mitigation Measure Requirements are based on the risk assessment for workers mixing, loading, and applying end-use products formulated in Water-Soluble Packets ( WSP ) will be applied to applicable product labels. 

 

 

Minimum Mitigation Measure Requirements For Hand-Held Spray Equipment   

 

Wear coveralls over a long-sleeved shirt and long pants, chemical resistant gloves, socks and shoes during mixing, loading, application, clean-up, and repair. 

 

NIOSH-approved canister approved for pesticides.

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix III

 

Directions For Use

 

 

The following uses must be removed from all current labels    control of Yellow Patch Disease on TURF. 

 

 

 

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Health Canada Re-Evaluation Decision RVD2018-11 [ FULL COPY ]    Appendix III

 

Directions For Use ( continued )

 

 

   Remove all references to making subsequent applications « as needed », or « as necessary », or any other wording that implies that the user may make more applications than indicated in the use patterns noted in Table 1 Summary of Accepted Uses.  [ See previous segment. ] 

 

   The Principal display panels and RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT sections of all labels must be updated to reflect the REVISED Fungicide Resistance Action Committee ( FRAC ) code for chlorothalonil, « GROUP M5 FUNGICIDE ». 

 

   RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT sections must be updated per the Regulatory Directive DIR2013-04, Pesticide Resistance Management Labelling Based On Target Site / Mode Of Action.

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-2013-12-17-Health-Canada-Pesticide-Resistance-Management-Labelling-Based-On-Target-Site-Mode-Of-Action-DIR2013-04.pdf

 

   Remove all references to application of chlorothalonil at shorter re-application intervals than indicated in Table 1 Summary of Accepted Uses [ see previous segment ], such as « Under severe conditions, shorten spray interval ».

 

   Reference to TANK-MIX PARTNERS that contain active ingredients that have been discontinued or phased-out must be removed from product labels.

 

   Where TANK-MIX PARTNERS are not named on the chlorothalonil product label, all tank mixing instructions must be removed.

 

   All disease claims must have the associated LATIN NAME ( genus and species ) of the causative pathogen added to the product label.

 

 

 

Statements To Protect The Environment ( All End-Use Product Labels )   

 

 

Add To Environmental Precautions   

 

TOXIC to aquatic organisms. 

 

Observe buffer zones specified under DIRECTIONS FOR USE. 

 

To reduce run-off from treated areas into aquatic habitats avoid applications to areas with a moderate to steep slope, compacted soil, or clay. 

 

Avoid application when heavy rain is forecast. 

 

 

Add To Directions For Use   

 

As this product is NOT registered for the control of pests in aquatic systems, DO NOT use to control aquatic pests. 

 

DO NOT contaminate irrigation or drinking water supplies or aquatic habitats by cleaning of equipment or disposal of wastes. 

 

DO NOT allow effluent or runoff from greenhouses and mushroom houses containing this product to enter lakes, streams, ponds, or other bodies of water. 

 

 

Vegetative Filter Strips   

 

A Vegetative Filter Strip ( VFS ) of at least 10 METRES wide must be constructed and maintained. 

 

More information can be found in the Buffer Zone Table.  [ See next segment. ]

 

The VFS is required between the field edge and adjacent, downhill aquatic habitats to reduce risk to aquatic organisms from run-off. 

 

Aquatic habitats include, but are not limited to, lakes, reservoirs, rivers, permanent streams, marshes or natural ponds, and estuaries.

 

The VFS is to be composed of grasses and may also include shrubs, trees, or other vegetation. 

 

Additional guidance can be found on the PMRA Environmental Risk Mitigation web-pages.

 

Both VFS and spray drift buffer zones must be observed. 

 

 

Spray Drift Buffer Zones   

 

Spray drift buffer zones are to protect terrestrial and aquatic habitats from spray drift. 

 

Spray drift buffer zones are a separate requirement from VFS which are required to mitigate risks from runoff.

 

Field sprayer application     DO NOT apply during periods of dead calm. 

 

Avoid application of this product when winds are gusty. 

 

DO NOT apply with spray droplets smaller than the American Society of Agricultural Engineers ( ASAE S572.1 )     Medium Spray Quality. 

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Reference-chlorothalonil-Droplet-Size-Classification-ASAE-S572.1-American-Society-of-Agricultural-Engineers.pdf

 

More information can be found in the ASAE S572.1 Droplet Size Classification.  [ See next segment. ] 

 

Boom height must be 60 CENTIMETRES or less above the crop or ground. 

 

Spot treatments using HAND-HELD equipment DO NOT require a buffer zone. 

 

The spray drift buffer zones specified in the Buffer Zone Table [ see next segment ] are required between the point of direct application and the closest down-wind edge of sensitive freshwater habitats ( such as lakes, rivers, sloughs, ponds, prairie potholes, creeks, marshes, streams, reservoirs and wetlands ) and estuarine / marine habitats. 

 

 

 

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Golf Industry

 

 

Explore the following links 

 

 

The Critical Issues That Must Be

Addressed By The Golf Industry

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/06/21/the-golf-industry-is-on-a-collision-course-the-critical-issues-that-must-be-addressed-by-the-golf-industry-now-2018-06-21/

 

 

Golf Industry’s Looming Shipwreck

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2015/12/21/golf-industrys-looming-shipwreck-predictions-concerning-the-loss-of-its-pesticide-exception-status-2009-encore-report/

 

 

Liberal Party Of Canada

 

Decisions By Health Canada To Impose

National Prohibitions Instigated By Liberals

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/04/23/the-end-of-the-golf-industrys-pesticide-ban-exception-status-goodbye-iprodione/

 

 

Liberal Party Of Canada

 

Get Ready For The Liberal Pain

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2015/11/03/growers-across-canada-had-better-get-ready-for-the-pain-of-catastrophic-carnage-justin-trudeau-liberal-party-of-canada-2015-11-02/

 

 

Liberal Party Of Canada

 

Prohibitions Instigated By Liberals

& Other Issues

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/04/23/the-end-of-the-golf-industrys-pesticide-ban-exception-status-goodbye-iprodione/

 

 

Liberal Party Of Canada

 

Imbeciles Planning To Vote For Liberals

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2015/10/16/norahg-responds-to-those-imbeciles-planning-to-vote-for-liberal-party-of-canada-a-k-a-world-wildlife-federation-2015-10-16/

 

 

Canadian Golf Superintendents Trade Association

 

The Failed CGSA Trade Association

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/02/02/the-failed-cgsa-take-over-by-golf-course-owners-why-are-cgsa-leaders-allowing-the-golf-industrys-greatest-train-wreck-crisis-2018-01-26/

 

 

Canadian Golf Superintendents Trade Association

 

The Media History Of Failed CGSA

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/canadian-golf-superintendents-association/

 

 

Western Canada Turfgrass Trade Association

 

The Media History Of Failed WCTA

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/wcta-reports-blogs-references-cards/

 

 

 

 

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Prohibitions

 

 

Explore the following links 

 

 

Chlorothalonil Prohibition

 

The Story & Sad End Of Chlorothalonil

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/02/23/chlorothalonil/

 

 

Chlorothalonil Prohibition

 

Ontario Trade Association

Responses Regarding Chlorothalonil

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/04/01/chlorothalonil-near-total-prohibition-for-the-golf-industry-trade-associations-respond-to-health-canada-2016-03-30/

 

 

Iprodione Prohibition

 

Decisions By Health Canada To

Impose National Prohibitions

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/04/23/the-end-of-the-golf-industrys-pesticide-ban-exception-status-goodbye-iprodione/

 

 

Chlorothalonil Prohibition

 

The Complete Media Library

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/chlorothalonil/

 

 

National Prohibition

 

The Media History Of The National Annihilation

Of The Modern Green Space Industry

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/national-prohibition-reports-blogs-references/

 

 

 

 

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FACT Within The Government Of Canada, Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory Agency ( PMRA ) Is Responsible For Administering The Pest Control Products Act On Behalf Of The Minister Of Health

 

FACT Before A Pest Control Product Is Allowed To Be Used Or Sold In Canada, It Must Undergo A Rigorous Scientific Assessment Process Which Provides Reasonable Certainty That No Harm Will Occur, Including Chronic Effects Such As Cancer, When Used According To Label Directions

 

FACT When Used Properly, Health-Canada-Approved Pest Control Products Are Scientifically-Safe, & Will Not Cause Harm To People, Animals, Or The Environment

 

FACT Health-Canada-Approved Pest Control Products Will Not Harm Children

 

FACT The Assessment Of Pest Control Products By Health Canada Takes Into Consideration Sensitive Groups, Such As Children, As Well As Infants & Pregnant Women

 

FACT Children’s Physiology, Behaviours, & Habits While Playing On Treated Grass Are Considered By Health Canada When Determining The Safety Of Pest Control Products

 

FACT Extra Safety Factors Are Applied By Health Canada To Protect Children, As Well As Infants & Pregnant Women

 

FACT Health Canada Looks At The Worst Case Scenario When Approving Pest Control Products & Pays Special Attention To Pregnant Women

 

FACT Under Federal Law, Health Canada Has Special Provisions For The Protection Of Pregnant Women & Children, Which Are Taken Into Account During The Risk Assessment Of Pest Control Products

 

FACT Canadians Have No Need To Worry With Health-Canada-Approved Pest Control Products

 

FACT The Issues Concerning The Safety Of Pest Control Products Have Been Successfully Resolved By Health Canada Since There Has Never Been Any Real Correlation Between The Users Of Pest Control Products & Negative Health Outcomes

 

 

Explore the following links 

 

 

HEALTH CANADA LINK TO WEB-SITE — PESTICIDES & PEST MANAGEMENT ( Link )

 

http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/cps-spc/pest/index-eng.php

 

 

HEALTH CANADA THE WISDOM OF REAL EXPERTS WHO SPEAK OUT AGAINST THE CONSPIRACY TO IMPOSE RECKLESS AND ARBITRARY PROHIBITION AGAINST CONVENTIONAL PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS ( Blog )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2014/11/14/the-wisdom-of-real-experts-who-speak-out-against-the-conspiracy-to-impose-reckless-and-arbitrary-prohibition-against-conventional-pest-control-products-2014-11-14/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA RE-EVALUATION SUMMARY TABLE — PRODUCTS ACCEPTABLE FOR CONTINUED REGISTRATION ( Blog )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2013/06/25/pesticides-evaluated-as-acceptable-for-continued-registration-by-health-canada-2013-03-31/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA RE-EVALUATION SUMMARY TABLE — PRODUCTS REMOVED ( Blog )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2013/06/12/pesticides-removed-or-proposed-for-removal-by-health-canada-2013-03-31/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA RE-ENTRY INTERVALSLABEL DIRECTIONS FOR APPLICATIONS ON TURFGRASSES ( Blog )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2017/10/23/update-re-entry-intervals-label-statements-for-applications-on-turfgrasses-2017-10-23/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA ONTARIO’S ANTI-NEONICOTINOID REGULATIONS PUTS FARMERS AT A COMPETITIVE DISADVANTAGE — PMRA & EPA SAY THERE IS NO POTENTIAL RISK TO BEES AS A RESULT OF ON-LABEL USE OF NEONICOTINOID SEED TREATMENTS ( Report )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/01/30/the-problem-of-forming-agricultural-polices-on-internet-trends/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA REGULATORY REVIEWS SHOW SLIM RISK TO BEES FROM NEONICOTINOID INSECTICIDES ( Blog )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/01/14/there-is-no-bee-crisis-regulatory-reviews-show-that-there-is-a-slim-risk-to-bees-from-neonicotinoid-insecticides-2016-01-06/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA UNCOUPLING OF WEED N WEED ( Report )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Force-Of-Nature-Fertilizer-TERROR-Health-Canada-2010-02-02-Terror-NEVER-Ends-Uncoupling-of-Weed-N-Weed-pdf.pdf

 

 

HEALTH CANADA PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS ( Web-Page With References, Official Documents )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/pest-control-products-health-canada-epa/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA INCIDENT REPORTS ( Web-Page With Reports, Official Documents )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/incident-reports/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA ONTARIO COSMETIC PESTICIDES BAN ACT — MR LINDSAY HANSON ( Report With Official Document )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2010/08/14/gideon-forman-janet-kasperski-mrep-communications-pmra-alex-cullen-committee-transcripts-standing-committee-on-social-policy-june-09-2008-bill-64-cosmetic-pesticides-ban-act-2008/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA STANDING COMMITTEE ON SOCIAL POLICY — LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ONTARIO — MR LINDSAY HANSON ( Slide Show )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Slide-Show-Health-Canada-Pest-Management-Regulatory-Agency-Hanson-2008-06-09.pdf

 

 

HEALTH CANADA BRITISH COLUMBIA DOESN’T NEED PESTICIDE BAN — EXPERTS ARE TOXICOLOGISTS, DOCTORS, & SCIENTIST WHOSE EXPERTISE IS IN THE FIELD OF PESTICIDES — HEALTH CANADA WOULD BE A GOOD START — MS JACQUIE DOHERTY — BRITISH COLUMBIA ( Report )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2011/03/21/hero-b-c-doesn%E2%80%99t-need-pesticide-ban-letters-kamloops-daily-news/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA 2,4-D HERBICIDE — RE-EVALUATION WAS ONE OF THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE SCIENCE REVIEWS IN CANADIAN HISTORY — THE LAWN IS SAFE ( Report )

 

http://uncleadolph.blogspot.com/2010/03/lawn-is-safe-national-post-2008-article.html

 

 

HEALTH CANADA 2,4-D HERBICIDE — HEALTH CANADA RELEASES RE-EVALUATION DECISION ON 2,4-D ( Reference )

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Reference-24-D-2008-05-16-Re-Evaluation-Decision-Health-Canada.pdf

 

 

HEALTH CANADA IS ROUNDUP ( GLYPHOSATE ) SAFE ?!?! ( Report )

 

http://uncleadolph.blogspot.com/2010/03/glyphosate-roundup-reevaluation-plan.html

 

 

HEALTH CANADA PESTICIDE SPRAY DRIFT IN RESIDENTIAL AREAS ( Report With Official Document )

 

http://uncleadolph.wordpress.com/2010/10/21/health-canada-faq-pesticide-spray-drift-in-residential-areas/

 

 

HEALTH CANADA RESPONDING TO LUNATЖCS AT ONTARIO COLLEGE OF FAMILY PHYSICIANS PESTICIDE LITERATURE REVIEW ( Report )

 

http://uncleadolph.blogspot.com/2010/03/questions-and-answers-ontario-college.html

 

 

HEALTH CANADA RESPONDING TO LUNATЖC J K COTTAM ( Report )

 

http://uncleadolph.blogspot.com/2010/03/kj-cottam-questions-and-answers-from-24.html

 

 

HEALTH CANADA RESPONDING TO LUNATЖC ALLAN TAYLOR ( Report )

 

http://uncleadolph.blogspot.com/2010/03/allan-taylor-questions-and-answers-from.html

 

 

 

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Explore the following links 

 

 

FACT Overwhelming Scientific Evidence Clearly Demonstrates That Pest Control Products Are Scientifically-Safe, & Will Not Cause Harm To Children, Adults, Animals, Or The Environment

 

 

FACT Pesticides Are Less Lethal To Humans Than Caffeine LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2014/03/01/pesticides-are-scientifically-safe-safe-to-use-less-lethal-to-humans-than-caffeine-2014-02-27/

 

 

FACT Yes, You Are Definitely Ingesting Pesticides, But Here’s Why It’s Not A Problem LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2017/08/18/pesticides-are-scientifically-safe-if-food-is-sprayed-a-lot-is-that-bad-for-your-digestive-health-2017-08-18/

 

 

FACT Children Are Not At Risk From Pesticides — Dangerous Playing Surfaces Are Created By #@!!% Pesticide Bans LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/children-are-not-at-risk/

 

 

FACT Pest Control Products Are Safe For Kids — Slide Show LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/08/30/a-look-at-safety-environment-facts-pest-control-products-are-safe-for-kids-slide-show-2016-08-31/

 

 

FACT Chemicals Are Evaluated For Carcinogenic Potential By Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ) LINKS

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Force-Of-Nature-Myth-BUSTING-Cancer-2012-11-00-Chemicals-Evaluated-for-Carcinogenic-Potential-EPA-pdf-300-dpi.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2013/04/17/chemicals-evaluated-for-carcinogenic-potential-environmental-protection-agency-epa-2012-11-00/

 

 

FACT Pesticides Are Evaluated As Acceptable For Continued Registration By Health Canada LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2013/06/25/pesticides-evaluated-as-acceptable-for-continued-registration-by-health-canada-2013-03-31/

 

 

FACT Our Children Are Safe When Pesticide Bans Are Stopped — There Are Real Trends AGAINST Pesticide Bans LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2012/10/11/posters-there-is-a-real-trend-against-pesticide-bans-victories-against-terrorists-our-children-are-safe-when-pesticide-bans-are-stopped-2012-10-11/

 

 

FACT Pest Control Products Have Been Tested In More Ways Than Virtually Any Other Set Of Substances — The Industry Task Force II On 2,4-D Research Data LINKS

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Force-Of-Nature-UPDATE-24-D-2013-05-30-The-Industry-Task-Force-II-On-24-D-Research-Data-Gray-Burns-Mahlburg-pdf.pdf

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2013/06/06/the-industry-task-force-ii-on-24-d-research-data-update-on-24-d-herbicide-gray-burns-mahlburg-2013-05-30/

 

 

FACT Pesticides Are Safe LINKS

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2014/03/01/pesticides-are-scientifically-safe-safe-to-use-less-lethal-to-humans-than-caffeine-2014-02-27/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/children-are-not-at-risk/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2013/06/25/pesticides-evaluated-as-acceptable-for-continued-registration-by-health-canada-2013-03-31/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2012/10/11/posters-there-is-a-real-trend-against-pesticide-bans-victories-against-terrorists-our-children-are-safe-when-pesticide-bans-are-stopped-2012-10-11/

 

 

FACT Pesticides Are Health Canada Approved — Listen To Mr Lindsay Hanson From The Pest Management Regulatory Agency LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/dirtybit//LHansonPMRAottawaPesticideSafety.mp3

 

 

FACT There Is No Direct Proof Pesticides Cause CancerCanadian Cancer Society LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/canadian-cancer-society-no-conclusive-link-between-pesticides-and-cancer/

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2012/07/01/pesticides-cancer-no-definite-cause-effect-canadian-cancer-society-patti-moore-2012-06-09/

 

 

FACT REAL Experts Speak Out Against The Conspiracy To Impose Reckless & Arbitrary Prohibition Against Conventional Pest Control Products LINK

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2014/11/14/the-wisdom-of-real-experts-who-speak-out-against-the-conspiracy-to-impose-reckless-and-arbitrary-prohibition-against-conventional-pest-control-products-2014-11-14/

 

 

 

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We Speak The Whole Truth About Health Canada From An Independent Perspective

 

 

We are the National Organization Responding Against HUJE that conspire to destroy the Green space and other industries ( NORAHG ).  As a non-profit and independent organization, we are environmentalists who are dedicated to reporting about truth-challenged pesticide-hating fanatжcs ( HUJE ) who conspire to destroy businesses that are dependent on the use of safe and effective conventional pest control products.  We also report on the work of several highly-rated leading experts who have recognized expertise, training, and background in matters concerning pest control products, and who promote environmental realism and pesticide truths. 

 

Not surprisingly, enviro-fanatжcs have demonstrated that they are incapable of processing overwhelming scientific evidence.  Should we trust these fanatжcs, who conveniently ignore scientific evidence, and attempt to impose their politicized-doctrines and twisted life-style choices against our society ?!?! 

 

NORAHG was the brain-child of Mr William H Gathercole and his colleagues in 1991.  Mr Gathercole is now retired, although his name continues to appear as founder.  We dare to defy the pesticide-hating fanatжcs by exploring the whole truth from an independent perspective on The Pesticide Truths Web-Site      http://pesticidetruths.com/   If you wish to receive free reports on issues that concern you, please contact us at      force.of.de.nature@gmail.com   WILLIAM H GATHERCOLE AND NORAH G  

 

 

Explore the following links 

 

 

With A Scheer Conservative Victory In The 2019

Canadian Federal Election, There Will Be NO

National Prohibition Against Pest Control Products

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2017/06/02/the-industry-must-support-scheers-conservatives-now-the-library-of-national-prohibition-conspiracies-2017-05-27/

 

 

The Fanatжcal Trudeau Liberal

Government Is Bat-Shжt Crazy

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2017/06/08/enviro-terr%D0%B6r-never-ends-fanat%D0%B6cal-trudeau-liberal-government-is-bat-sh%D0%B6t-crazy-the-suzuki-alliance-golf-industry-the-library-of-terr%D0%B6rism-that-will/

 

 

The Trump Administration Ends

The US EPA’s Reigns Of Terrжr

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2017/07/02/u-s-a-the-era-of-trump-dismantling-the-alarmism-industry-the-end-of-u-s-agencies-reigns-of-terr%d0%b6r-environmental-protection-agency-epa-drain-the-swamp/

 

 

If You Do Not Vote Conservative, Then

You Are A Pitiful Fool & An Imbecile

 

 

 

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