At 10:56 pm EDT, American hero-astronaut Neil Armstrong, 240,000 miles from Earth, spoke the following words to more than a billion people listening at home ― That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.
Stepping off the lunar landing module Eagle, Armstrong became the first human to walk on the surface of the moon.
The American effort to send astronauts to the moon has its origins in a famous appeal President John F Kennedy made to a special joint session of Congress on May 25th, 1961 ― I believe this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to Earth.
At the time, the United States was still trailing the Soviet Union in space developments, and Cold-War-era America welcomed Kennedy’s bold proposal.
In 1966, after five years of work by an international team of scientists and engineers, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA ) conducted the first unmanned Apollo mission, testing the structural integrity of the proposed launch vehicle and spacecraft combination.
Then, on January 27th, 1967, tragedy struck at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, when a fire broke out during a manned launch-pad test of the Apollo spacecraft and Saturn rocket ― three astronauts were killed in the fire.
Despite the set-back, NASA and its thousands of hero-employees forged ahead, and in October 1968, Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission, orbited Earth and successfully tested many of the sophisticated systems needed to conduct a moon journey and landing.
In December 1969, Apollo 8 took three astronauts to the dark side of the moon and back, and in March 1969, Apollo 9 tested the lunar module for the first time while in Earth orbit.
Then in May, the three astronauts of Apollo 10 took the first complete Apollo spacecraft around the moon in a dry run for the scheduled July landing mission.
At 9:32 am on July 16th, 1969, with the world watching, Apollo 11 took off from Kennedy Space Center with hero-astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin Jr, and Michael Collins aboard.
Armstrong, a 38-year-old civilian research pilot, was the commander of the mission.
After traveling 240,000 miles in 76 hours, Apollo 11 entered into a lunar orbit on July 19th.
The next day, at 1:46 pm, the lunar module Eagle, manned by Armstrong and Aldrin, separated from the command module, where Collins remained.
Two hours later, the Eagle began its descent to the lunar surface, and at 4:18 pm, the craft touched down on the south-western edge of the Sea of Tranquility.
Armstrong immediately radioed to Mission Control in Houston, Texas, the famous message ― The Eagle has landed.
At 10:39 pm, five hours ahead of the original schedule, Armstrong opened the hatch of the lunar module.
As he made his way down the lunar module’s ladder, a television camera attached to the craft recorded his progress and beamed the signal back to Earth, where hundreds of millions watched in great anticipation.
At 10:56 pm, Armstrong spoke his famous quote ― That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.
He then planted his left foot on the gray, powdery surface, took a cautious step forward, and humanity had walked on the moon.
Edwin Aldrin joined him on the moon’s surface at 11:11 pm, and together they took photographs of the terrain, planted a US flag, ran a few simple scientific tests, and spoke with President Richard M Nixon via Houston.
By 1:11 am on July 21, both hero-astronauts were back in the lunar module and the hatch was closed.
The two men slept that night on the surface of the moon, and at 1:54 pm, the Eagle began its ascent back to the command module.
Among the items left on the surface of the moon was a plaque that read ― Here men from the planet Earth first set foot on the moon. July 1969 AD. We came in peace for all mankind.
At 5:35 pm, Armstrong and Aldrin successfully docked and rejoined Collins, and at 12:56 am on July 22nd, Apollo 11 began its journey home, safely splashing down in the Pacific Ocean at 12:51 pm on July 24th.
There would be five more successful lunar landing missions, and one unplanned lunar swing-by, Apollo 13.
The last men to walk on the moon, hero-astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt, of the Apollo 17 mission, left the lunar surface on December 14th, 1972.
The Apollo program was a costly and labor intensive endeavor, involving an estimated 400,000 engineers, technicians, and scientists, and costing 24 billion dollars ( close to 100 billion in 2019 dollars ).
The expense was justified by President Kennedy’s 1961 mandate to beat the Soviets to the moon, but after the feat was accomplished, and on-going missions lost their viability.
Source – History Channel – Selected And Adapted Excerpts
Apollo 11 50th Anniversary Video Show From National Mall
Original CBS News Coverage Of Apollo 11
First Moon Landing & First Moon Walk
Did We Mishear Neil Armstrong’s
Famous First Words On The Moon ?
President Kennedy Believed His Bold
Moonshot Could Actually Happen
The thousands of heroes of the Apollo 11 mission ― they were young ― in many cases, just out of high school or college ― beginning to chase their dreams and forge careers in the most exciting field they could imagine.
They were driven, angry by the sight of the world’s first artificial satellite, Sputnik, in the sky in 1957, angry at being bested by the Russians.
And they were inspired — in most every case, by President John F Kennedy’s stirring 1961 challenge to the nation to land a man on the moon before the end of the decade.
There were thousands of heroes of the Apollo 11 mission who achieved President Kennedy’s goal.
These heroes were driven, inspired, dedicated, smart, and courageous.
These are the axioms that are also followed by the heroes of the green space industry.
Read about the heroes of the green space industry in the next segment.
Read the following web-page …
The Media Library About More
Heroes Of The Green Space Industry
Read the following web-page …
The Complete Library Of Heroes Who
Speak Out Against Anti-Pesticide Terrжrism
Read the following blog …
The Wisdom Of REAL Hero-Experts Who Speak Out Against The Conspiracy To Impose Reckless & Arbitrary Prohibition Against Conventional Pest Control Products
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The New NORAHG Mission Control Facilities
We Speak The Whole Truth When We
Take A Look At The Heroes Of Apollo 11
We are the National Organization Responding Against HUJE that conspire to destroy the Green space & other industries ( NORAHG ).
NORAHG is a non-profit & independent organization that reports on the work of several highly-rated leading experts who have recognized expertise, training, & backgrounds in matters concerning pest control products, & who promote environmental realism & pesticide truths.
A Look At … is destined for the green space industry, nation-wide across Canada, the United States, & overseas, & can be found on The Pesticide Truths Web-Site … http://pesticidetruths.com/
A Look At …, Force Of Nature, & their various incarnations, was the brain-child of William H Gathercole ( now retired ) & his colleagues.
Here is a brief summary of Mr Gathercole’s career ―
FIELDS OF UNIVERSITY STUDY ― • Crop, Horticulture, & Turfgrass Sciences • Mathematics & Physics
ALMA MATERS ― • McGill University • University of Guelph • the first person ever to obtain bachelors of science degrees & contribute directly to both the professional lawn care & golf maintenance industries.
EXPERTISE ― • turf & ornamental maintenance & troubleshooting • history of the green space industry • sales & distribution of seeds, chemicals, fertilizers, & equipment • fertilizer manufacturing & distribution • environmental issues & pesticide-hating fanatжcism.
NOTABLE ACTIVITIES ― • worked in virtually all aspects of the green space industry, including golf maintenance, professional lawn care, tree & shrub care, distribution, environmental compliance, government negotiations, public affairs, & workplace safety • the supervisor, consultant, &, programmer for the successful execution of hundreds-of-thousands of management operations in the golf course & urban landscape, as well as millions of pest control applications • the advisor, instructor, & trainer for thousands of turf & ornamental managers & technicians • the pesticide certification instructor for thousands of industry workers • a founder of the modern professional lawn care industry • the prolific writer for industry publications, reports, & blogs • the first to confirm the invasion of European Chafer insects in both the Montreal region & the Vancouver / Fraser Valley region • with Dr Peter Dernoeden, the first to confirm the presence of Take All Patch as a disease of turf in Eastern Canada • with Dr David Shetlar, the first to confirm the presence of Kentucky Bluegrass Scale as an insect pest in south-western Ontario, & later, in the Montreal & Vancouver regions.
SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS ― • the creator of the Pesticide Ban Exception Status that allowed the golf industry to avoid being subjected to anti-pesticide prohibition for a generation • the creator of the signs that are now used for posting after application • the co-founder of annual winter convention for Quebec golf course superintendents • the founder of the first ever Turf Summit with guest Dr Jack L Eggens https://wp.me/p1jq40-7dT • the major influence in the decision by Canadian Cancer Society to stop selling-for-profit fresh pesticide-treated daffodils https://wp.me/P1jq40-1OW • the only true reliable witness of the events of anti-pesticide prohibition in the town of Hudson, Quebec https://wp.me/p1jq40-asu • the founder ( now retired ) of A Look At … & Force Of Nature reports & blogs.
NOTABLE AWARD ― • the first man-of-the-year for contributions leading to the successful founding of the Quebec professional lawn care trade association, which served as a beach-head against anti-pesticide activists in the 1980s & 1990s.
LEGACIES ― Mr Gathercole & his colleagues … • designed & implemented strategies that reined anti-pesticide activists & provided peace & prosperity for the entire modern green space industry for a generation • orchestrated legal action against anti-pesticide activists in the town of Hudson, Quebec • launched the largest founding professional lawn care business in the nation • quadrupled the business revenues of one of the largest suppliers in the nation.
Mr Gathercole is now retired, although his name continues to appear as the founder of A Look At … & Force Of Nature reports & blogs.
We dare to defy by exploring the whole truth from an independent perspective on The Pesticide Truths Web-Site … http://pesticidetruths.com/
We are the National Organization Responding Against HUJE that conspire to destroy the Green space and other industries ( NORAHG ).
If you wish to receive free reports & blogs on issues that concern you, please contact us at … firstname.lastname@example.org WILLIAM H GATHERCOLE AND NORAH G