Golf Course Maintenance – Planning For Turf Cultivation With Correct Aeration Practices – 2019 05 00

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Background Information

 

The Master Plan For Turf Cultivation
With Correct Aeration Practices

 

 

For most turfgrass conditions that are subject to intensive player traffic, core cultivation ( i.e. hollow-tine aeration ) is necessary in either spring or fall, or both. 

 

This will ensure high-quality playing conditions and aesthetics that are demanded by paying golf-customers. 

 

In a Master Plan For Turf Cultivation, on golf course putting greens    core cultivation must be performed once for every 10,000 rounds of play. 

 

Beyond 25,000 rounds, non-core cultivation methods, such as solid-tine, must be used in the overall turf cultivation program throughout the summer months. 

 

Solid-tine cannot replace hollow-tine. 

 

In a Master Plan For Turf Cultivation, on golf course putting greens    it is also recommended that up to 20 per cent of surface area be removed every year. 

 

The type of aeration equipment will be important for achieving 20 per cent removal. 

 

For example, the Jacobsen GA-24 Greens Aerator can accomplish this goal in TWO aerations versus THREE when using the Toro ProCore 648. 

 

With the optional Quad Tine Holder, equipment like the Jacobsen GA-24 Greens Aerator can achieve a 1-inch x 1-inch hole pattern and pull more material during TWO core aerations than competitor products can pull in THREE. 

 

With this Quad Tine Holder, 11.9 per cent of material can be removed in TWO passes. 

 

By comparison, the Toro ProCore 648 will require THREE passes to achieve the same result since it will only remove 6.55 per cent with its 1.5-inch x 2.0-inch spacing. 

 

In a Master Plan For Turf Cultivation, the larger hole size    and closer spacing between holes    must be performed. 

 

Changing from a 0.25-inch tine to a 0.50-inch tine will increase the surface area impacted by FOUR times. 

 

Using a 0.625-inch tine versus a 0.50-inch tine increases the surface area impacted by approximately 50 per cent. 

 

In order to deter the amateur research and incompetence of some superintendents, perhaps the Master Plan For Turf Cultivation should be written into their contracts. 

 

In other words    the Master Plan For Turf Cultivation MUST be implemented for golf course putting greens    core cultivation MUST be performed by the superintendent once for every 10,000 rounds of play, and up to 20 per cent of surface area MUST be removed every year. 

 

No excuses. 

 

End of discussion. 

 

Only correct aeration practices. 

 

Should the failure to adopt the Master Plan For Turf Cultivation become grounds for termination ?!?!  Maybe ?!?! 

 

 

 

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Background Information

 

Zero Cultivation & Reduced
Core Aeration Doctrines ?!?!

 

 

Observers are dismayed that activist-superintendents would be allowed to adopt the radical and costly doctrines of Zero Cultivation & Reduced Core Aeration ( a.k.a. no aeration whatsoever and reduced aeration ). 

 

They reject correct and disciplined turf maintenance practices. 

 

By adopting these failed, unproven, and incorrect maintenance doctrines, observers question the activist-superintendents’ ability to provide what paying golf-customers demand    high-quality playing conditions and aesthetics. 

 

Do they understand that they are not employed to experiment with doctrines that does not work ?!?! 

 

Why do they chose to ignore the overwhelming advantages of conventional turf cultivation ?!?! 

 

What possible benefit can be touted by activist-superintendents for unilaterally stopping turf cultivation ?!?! 

 

Correct aeration practices are the answer to many problems. 

 

Not only is compaction in the soil alleviated, but water infiltration is improved, and also        carbon dioxide toxin is better released from the soil      disease resistance of turf is improved      fertilizer applied to the soil is more effectively placed      heat and drought stress resistance of turf is improved      organic matter in the soil is removed      oxygen absorption in the soil is improved      oxygen movement in the soil is also improved      root system is deeper, healthier, and revitalized      seed germination is improved for over-seeded turf      soil is loosened and easier for roots to penetrate      thatch decomposition is increased. 

 

Those golf courses where the doctrines of Zero Cultivation & Reduced Core Aeration have been adopted tend to have poor turf and lower-quality playing conditions. 

 

In order to deter their misguided activism and incompetence, perhaps the Master Plan For Turf Cultivation should be written into superintendents’ contracts. 

 

No excuses.  End of discussion. 

 

Correct aeration practices MUST be performed. 

 

Even better, perhaps activist-superintendents who have adopted the doctrines of Zero Cultivation & Reduced Core Aeration should not be considered for employment. 

 

Maybe ?!?! 

 

 

 

 

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Explore the following links   

 

 

 

Turf Cultivation ( i.e. Aeration )

 

Force Of Nature — A Look At — Golf Course Maintenance — Turf Cultivation ( i.e. Aeration )

 

 

 

Aggressive Aeration Programs
At Oakmont Country Club

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2016/07/27/golf-course-maintenance-aggressive-aeration-programs-at-oakmont-country-club-2016-05-24/

 

 

 

Hollow-Tine Aeration Reduces
Run-Off From Pesticides & Fertilizers

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2012/10/03/water-quality-golf-course-pesticide-fertilizer-run-off-hollow-tine-aeration-cultivation-reduces-run-off-from-pesticides-fertilizers/

 

 

 

Activist-Superintendents On The Sunshine Coast

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/03/09/lying-sacks-of-cr%d0%b6p-who-betray-the-golf-industry-lunat%d0%b6c-activist-superintendents-managers-on-the-sunshine-coast-in-british-columbia-2018-02-22/

 

 

 

The Confessions Of An Activist-Superintendent

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/2018/12/09/attacks-against-the-golf-industry-the-confessions-of-an-activist-superintendent-failure-to-provide-paying-golf-customers-with-high-quality-playing-conditions-aesthetics-2018-12-02/

 

 

 

Issues That Must Be Addressed By The Golf Industry

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/golf-industry-critical-issues/

 

 

 

The Media Library About Positive Waves For Society

 

http://pesticidetruths.com/toc/positive-waves-library/

 

 

 

 

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Correct Aeration Practices On The Golf Course

 

 

Does Golf Course Aeration
Affect Putting ?!?!

 

 

Video Recording    01 Minute 48 Seconds

 

 

 

Note 

 

 

USGA Agronomist Adam Moeller investigates the common claim from golfers that core aeration on golf course putting greens has a significant effect on playability. 

 

 

 

View the following video   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Correct Aeration Practices On The Golf Course

 

 

The (W)hole Story About Aeration

 

 

Video Recording    02 Minutes 19 Seconds

 

 

 

Notes 

 

 

The word aeration stimulates negative emotions for many golfers. 

 

It may come as a surprise, but golf course superintendents also dislike aeration. 

 

After all, the last person who wants to disrupt the smoothness of the putting greens they work so hard to maintain is the superintendent. 

 

Aeration is essential to keep the grass healthy and, without it, playing conditions would suffer. 

 

 

 

View the following video   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Correct Aeration Practices On The Golf Course

 

 

Green Aeration

 

 

Video Recording    07 Minutes 28 Seconds

 

 

 

Note 

 

 

By Jim Moore, director, Green Section Education. 

 

This video covers a process of Green Aeration used by superintendent Dan Wegand at Ridgewood Country Club in Waco, Texas. 

 

 

 

View the following video   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Correct Aeration Practices On The Golf Course

 

 

Precision Turf Management

 

 

Video Recordings    06 Min 40 Sec    06 Min 44 Sec    05 Min 51 Sec

 

 

 

Note 

 

 

Chris Hartwiger speaks at the Golf Industry Show. 

 

 

 

View the following videos   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Correct Aeration Practices On The Golf Course

 

 

Venting Aeration For
Putting Greens

 

 

Video Recording    09 Minutes 23 Seconds

 

 

 

Note 

 

 

By Adam Moeller, agronomist, USGA Green Section Northeast Region. 

 

 

 

View the following video   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Correct Aeration Practices On The Golf Course

 

 

Why Aerate The Greens ?!?!

 

 

Video Recording    03 Minutes 01 Seconds

 

 

 

Summary 

 

 

Playing on aerated greens can be bothersome, but the process is critical to a putting surface’s long-term health, as this video demonstrates. 

 

 

 

View the following video   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Correct Aeration Practices On The Golf Course

 

 

A Breath Of Fresh Air For Greens

 

 

Video Recordings    04 Minutes 04 Seconds & 03 Minutes 33 Seconds

 

 

 

Summary 

 

 

For golfers, aeration is a common practice on golf course greens, and although it has benefits, it can also disrupt golf play. 

 

In this video, Larry Stowell explains to golfers what aeration is, why it is conducted, and how it is almost always a worthwhile practice, despite its downsides. 

 

 

 

View the following videos   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Correct Aeration Practices On The Golf Course

 

 

Jacobsen GA-24 Greens Aerator

 

 

Video Recordings    01 Minute 10 Seconds & 01 Minute 05 Seconds

 

 

 

Summary 

 

 

The Jacobsen GA-24 aerator is perfect for all your golf green aerating needs. 

 

This self-propelled aerator’s unparalleled hole quality promotes faster turf healing and allows play to resume earlier. 

 

With the optional Quad Tine Holder, the Jacobsen GA-24 Greens Aerator can achieve a 1-inch x 1-inch hole pattern and pull more material during two core aerations than competitor products can pull in three ! 

 

With the Windrow attachment, your cores are neatly lined up making clean up faster and easier ! 

 

 

 

View the following videos   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Correct Aeration Practices On The Golf Course

 

 

Jacobsen GA600 Launch
HD Aerator

 

 

Video Recordings    01 Minute 41 Seconds & 04 Minute 57 Seconds

 

 

 

Summary 

 

 

The GA600 is a deep tine aerator with a working depth of 12-inches and a working width of 72-inches. 

 

The GA600 provides unmatched hole quality and is the industry’s first deep tine aerator with the ability to achieve deep tine and conventional tine aeration in the same pass. 

 

Jacobsen’s all-new GA Series of Tractor-Mounted Aerators will provide everything from heavy duty deep tine aeration to light conventional greens and tees aeration. 

 

The entire product line has been designed to improve hole quality, boost productivity and enhance aeration performance over undulated surfaces. 

 

 

 

View the following videos   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Correct Aeration Practices On The Golf Course

 

 

Differences Between
Aeration Tines

 

 

Video Recordings    03 Minutes 44 Seconds

 

 

 

Summary 

 

 

Golf course superintendents know the benefits of aerating their greens, but the question always comes up, which type of tines work best for my turf ? 

 

With an array of tines to choose from including deep, shallow, core, solid, spoon, hollow, large, small and pencil, there is a solution for nearly every aeration project you have. 

 

Watch as Troy Blewett from Schiller Grounds Care explains the different uses and benefits of tines. 

 

 

 

View the following video   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Explore the following references   

 

 

Aeration & Topdressing For The 21st Century — USGA

Aggressive Strategy Needed To Improve In-Demand City Fields

Core Aeration, A Thing Of The Past — Turf Hacker — Lunatжc Report

Core Cultivation — Timing Is Everything — Moeller — USGA

Deep Aeration — It Was A Long Time Coming — Zontek — USGA

Does Aerification Cause Disease — Turf Hacker — Lunatжc Report

Easing The Pain Of Core Aeration — Gross — USGA

First Core On Greens In Over 4 Years — Turf Hacker — Lunatжc Report

Greens At Oakmont During The U.S. Open Will Be Quickest

Jacobsen Tines Brochure

Putting Green Aeration — Bevard — USGA

Reasons To Not Aerate In Spring — Turf Hacker — Lunatжc Report

The Art Of Aerification — Vargas

Why An Aerator Is The Wrong Tool — Gaia College — Lunatжc Report

Why Do Golf Courses Aerate So Much — Moeller — USGA — Version 2

Why Do Golf Courses Aerate So Much — Moeller — USGA — Version 1

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Keep Our Communities Beautiful & Safe
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WE SPEAK THE WHOLE TRUTH WHEN WE TAKE A LOOK AT    GOLF COURSE MAINTENANCE    FROM AN INDEPENDENT PERSPECTIVE ! 

 

 

We are the National Organization Responding Against HUJE that conspire to destroy the Green space & other industries ( NORAHG ). 

 

NORAHG is a non-profit & independent organization that reports on the work of several highly-rated leading experts who have recognized expertise, training, & backgrounds in matters concerning pest control products, & who promote environmental realism & pesticide truths. 

 

NORAHG produces A Look At …, a series of reports & blogs providing TECHNICAL INFORMATION on issues such as         Career Management      Golf Course Maintenance      Green Alternatives      History Of The Turfgrass Industry      Lawn Care Maintenance      Summer Stress      Tree & Shrub Maintenance, Turfgrass Pests      Turfgrass Species.

 

A Look At … is destined for the green space industry, nation-wide across Canada, the United States, & overseas, & can be found on The Pesticide Truths Web-Site      http://pesticidetruths.com/  

 

A Look At … is committed to SOUND SCIENCE, as well as ground breaking original reporting that informs, entertains, & creates real change.

 

All information, excerpts, & pictures contained in A Look At … were retrieved from the Internet, & may be considered in the public domain. 

 

The information presented in A Look At … is for preliminary planning. 

 

Before making a final decision, the turf manager is expected to obtain trusted expert advice from extension specialists, local distributors and/or agronomists. 

 

All decisions must take into account the prevailing growing conditions, the time of year, & the established management practices. 

 

All products mentioned in A Look At … should be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions, & according to provincial, state, or federal law. 

 

For the official advantages, benefits, features, precautions, & restrictions concerning any product, the turf manager must rely only on the information furnished by the manufacturer. 

 

The mention of trade names does not constitute a guarantee or a warranty.

 

NORAHG also produces Force Of Nature, which dares to defy the pesticide-hating fanatжcs by exploring the whole truth from an independent perspective on The Pesticide Truths Web-Site      http://pesticidetruths.com/  

 

A Look At …, Force Of Nature, & their various incarnations, was the brain-child of William H Gathercole ( now retired ) & his colleagues. 

 

Here is a brief summary of Mr Gathercole’s career     

 

FIELDS OF UNIVERSITY STUDY         Crop, Horticulture, & Turfgrass Sciences      Mathematics & Physics

 

ALMA MATERS         McGill University      University of Guelph      the first person ever to obtain bachelors of science degrees & contribute directly to both the professional lawn care & golf maintenance industries. 

 

EXPERTISE         turf & ornamental maintenance & troubleshooting      history of the green space industry      sales & distribution of seeds, chemicals, fertilizers, & equipment      fertilizer manufacturing & distribution      environmental issues & anti-pesticide terrжrism. 

 

NOTABLE ACTIVITIES         worked in virtually all aspects of the green space industry, including golf maintenance, professional lawn care, tree & shrub care, distribution, environmental compliance, government negotiations, public affairs, & workplace safety      the supervisor, consultant, &, programmer for the successful execution of hundreds-of-thousands of management operations in the golf course & urban landscape, as well as millions of pest control applications      the advisor, instructor, & trainer for thousands of turf & ornamental managers & technicians      the pesticide certification instructor for thousands of industry workers      a founder of the modern professional lawn care industry      the prolific writer for industry publications, reports, & blogs      the first to confirm the invasion of European Chafer insects in both the Montreal region & the Vancouver / Fraser Valley region      with Dr Peter Dernoeden, the first to confirm the presence of Take All Patch as a disease of turf in Eastern Canada      with Dr David Shetlar, the first to confirm the presence of Kentucky Bluegrass Scale as an insect pest in south-western Ontario, & later, in the Montreal & Vancouver regions. 

 

SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS         the creator of the Pesticide Ban Exception Status that allowed the golf industry to avoid being subjected to anti-pesticide prohibition for a generation      the creator of the signs that are now used for posting after application      the co-founder of annual winter convention for Quebec golf course superintendents      the founder of the first ever Turf Summit with guest Dr Jack L Eggens   https://wp.me/p1jq40-7dT      the major influence in the decision by Canadian Cancer Society to stop selling-for-profit fresh pesticide-treated daffodils   https://wp.me/P1jq40-1OW      the only true reliable witness of the events of anti-pesticide prohibition in the town of Hudson, Quebec   https://wp.me/p1jq40-asu      the founder ( now retired ) of A Look At … & Force Of Nature reports & blogs. 

 

NOTABLE AWARD         the first man-of-the-year for contributions leading to the successful founding of the Quebec professional lawn care trade association, which served as a beach-head against anti-pesticide activists in the 1980s & 1990s. 

 

LEGACIES      Mr Gathercole & his colleagues         designed & implemented strategies that reined anti-pesticide activists & provided peace & prosperity for the entire modern green space industry for a generation      orchestrated legal action against anti-pesticide activists in the town of Hudson, Quebec      launched the largest founding professional lawn care business in the nation      quadrupled the business revenues of one of the largest suppliers in the nation. 

 

Mr Gathercole is now retired, although his name continues to appear as the founder of A Look At … & Force Of Nature reports & blogs. 

 

We dare to defy by exploring the whole truth from an independent perspective on The Pesticide Truths Web-Site      http://pesticidetruths.com/  

 

We are the National Organization Responding Against HUJE that conspire to destroy the Green space and other industries ( NORAHG ). 

 

If you wish to receive free reports & blogs on issues that concern you, please contact us at      force.of.de.nature@gmail.com   WILLIAM H GATHERCOLE AND NORAH G  

 

 

 

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